hwh words

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Al Capone
This Chicago-based gangster ran a crime syndicate based on smuggling and bootlegging of liquor during the Prohibition Era of the 1920s and 1930s.

American Expeditionary Force
This was the official name for the American military force sent to aid the British and French in 1917.

armistice
This “cease fire” caused the end of fighting in World War I on November 11, 1918.

assembly line
This is a manufacturing process that uses interchangeable parts added in sequence to create a finished product.

bank holiday
This is a term used for emergency bank closures mandated by Congress to relieve financial crises.

bank run
This term refers to events that occurred during the Great Depression where panicked customers withdrew their deposits in fear that the banks were going to close and their investments would be lost.

black tuesday
This is the name given to the day in October of 1929 when the Stock Market crashed.

booker t washington
This was a U.S. educator and reformer. He became perhaps the most prominent African American leader of his time.

buying on margin
This term refers to the practice of buying stocks or securities with cash borrowed from a stock broker, in the hopes of paying back the borrowed money with profits from the purchased stocks.

flappers
The nickname given to women of the 1920s who wore their dresses short, their hair shorter, and lived a very active social life.

great depression
This was a period of global economic crisis that lasted from 1929 to 1939. There was widespread poverty and high unemployment.

great white fleet
This was the popular nickname for the United States Navy battle fleet that completed a circumnavigation of the globe from 16 December 1907 to 22 February 1909 by order of U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt. It consisted of four squadrons, each consisting of a battleship with escorts. Roosevelt sought to demonstrate growing American military power and blue-water navy capability.

Harlem Renaissance
This was the period during 1920s of outstanding creativity centered in New York’s black ghetto.

hearst
This powerful newspaper man owned- among others- the “San Francisco Examiner,” “The New York Journal,” and was also known for helping create “yellow journalism”.

jazz age
This is a period during the 1920s when the national attitude was positive and upbeat, and Americans had money as the stock market soared. Traditional values saw a decline, and Modernism was the cultural focus.

Kellogg-Briand Pact
This agreement, signed by 65 nations in 1928, prohibited the use of war as an “instrument of national policy.”

Lusitania
The sinking of this ship by German submarines heightened tensions between the US and Germany prior to World War I.

Muckrakers
This group of authors and journalists wrote of horrible working conditions in American industry in the early 20th century, resulting in more governmental protection of workers.

nationalism
Loyalty and devotion to one’s country.

Neutrality
This is the policy of a nation to take no side in a war between other countries in the hopes of avoiding attack themselves.

Pancho Villa
This Mexican revolutionary was the focus of a U.S. military expedition in 1916 and 1917 after he led several deadly raids on towns in the southwest United States.

rough riders
This was a regiment in the Spanish-American War organized and led by Theodore Roosevelt that included cowboys, miners, policemen, and college athletes.

Spanish American war
This was a conflict in which the U.S. gained many island territories, especially Puerto Rico and the Philippines.

Theodore Roosevelt
This was a 26th President of the United States; hero of the Spanish-American War; Panama canal was built during his administration; said `Speak softly but carry a big stick` (1858-1919). He was considered by many to be the nation’s first conservation President.

ww1
The international conflict lasted from 1914 until 1918.

Alsace-Lorraine
Territory taken by Germany from France as a rest of the Franco Prussian war. Was later returned to France as a result of German defeat in WWI

central powers
in World War I the alliance of Germany and Austria-Hungary and other nations allied with them in opposing the Allies

a. phillip randolph
He was the black leader of The Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. He demanded equal opportunities in war jobs and armed forces during WWII. He helped encourage the end of segregation in the military, although that happened after the war.

al jolson
United States singer (born in Russia) who appeared in the first full-length talking film (1886-1950)

militarism
a political orientation of a people or a government to maintain a strong military force and to be prepared to use it aggresively to defend or promote national interests

boll weevil
grayish weevil that lays its eggs in cotton bolls destroying the cotton

grandfather clause
a clause in registration laws allowing people who do not meet registration requirements to vote if they or their ancestors had voted before 1867

okies
the farmers, who in the Great Depression, were forced to move, many moved to Oklahoma

black codes
southern laws designed to restrict the rights of the newly freed black slaves

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Gross National Product the total value of goods and services produced in percent Herbert Hoover an candidate leader that …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Buying on Margin purchasing stock on credit—pay part in cash and borrow the rest from a broker Black Tuesday …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Gross National Product the total value of all goods and services produced in the nation buying on margin buying …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy the great depression a time period during the 1930s when there was a worldwide economic depression and mass unemployment …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy What legacy did World War I leave behind? anger and resentment especially in Germany How did Stalin and Mussolini …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Stock Market Crash October, 1929. Signaled the start of the Great Depression. Black Tuesday Another name for the Stock …

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