HIV and AIDS

In biological terms, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) have very complicated definitions that are confusing to someone not trained in medical science. However, the United States’ Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides a more simplified explanation of the disease and its mode of transmission. HIV, the virus that causes AIDS may be passed from one person to another through blood-to-blood or sexual contact. According to the CDC (n. d.

), there are three main modes of infection: 1) When infected blood, semen, or vaginal secretions from an infected person comes in contact with an uninfected person’s broken skin (cut or sore) or mucous membranes (A mucous membrane is a wet and thin tissue found in certain openings to the human body. These include the mouth, eyes, nose, vagina, rectum, and opening of the penis); 2) HIV can also enter the body through a vein, for example through receiving an injection with contaminated or non-sterilised syringes; and 3) A mother can also pass the virus to her child during pregnancy, delivery, and breast-feeding.

Although HIV infection can lead to acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) some individuals never develop AIDS. Instead, they become carriers of the virus. After getting infected with HIV, there is no specific time span for the infected person to develop AIDS. According to the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) (2004), the median time span from infection with HIV to the development of AIDS is approximately 10 to 12 years (¶ 4).

HIV weakens the immune system of its victim and disables the body from fighting diseases. This weakened state of the body leads to the condition referred to as AIDS. AIDS exhibits itself as a group of symptoms that collectively indicate or characterise a disease or certain infections and/or cancers. People with AIDS suffer from infections of the lungs (pneumonia, tuberculosis), intestinal tract (diarrhea), brain, eyes, and other organs (CDC n. d. ; NIAID 2004).

In addition, AIDS also exacerbates sexually transmitted infections and/or cancers and decreases the number of key infection fighting cells in the blood. Thus, AIDS victims become prone to various infections—usually referred to as opportunistic infections. They are called opportunistic because they take advantage of the weakened state of the body by further weakening the body through various diseases. In addition, some studies have shown that HIV victims living in malaria prone areas also become more susceptible to malaria infection (Whitworth et al. 2000).

AIDS (Acquired immune deficiency syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is a disease caused by a virus called HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus). The illness alters the immune system, making people much more vulnerable to infections and diseases. This susceptibility worsens as …

Effects of Aids There are many factors that cause Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). AIDS is a disease caused by a virus called HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus). First of all, HIV is caused by having sex through unprotected sex with …

There are many ways to be diagnosed with AIDS, but the most common test is an ELISA (Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) test. This test checks if antibodies for AIDS are present, if so, the test is positive. Although there is no …

Overview of the topic As I have learned from my past lessons in high school and elementary, HIV which stands for human immunodeficiency virus is a kind of virus, specifically lentivirus, that causes the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome better known as …

HIV and AIDS has become a growing, seemingly endless problem in the United States, as well as globally. This paper will seek to explain HIV and AIDS in an informative manner. In addition, statistical information will be provided, along with …

HIV: Human Immunodeficiency Virus AIDS: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. HIV is different from most other viruses because it attacks the immune system. The immune system gives our body the ability to fight other …

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