HISTORY 1302

President Wilson’s basic approach to foreign relations was that:
he wanted to spread the gospel of American democracy to enlighten the unfortunate and ignorant

Wilson became deeply involved in Mexican politics in response to the reactionary General _________, who led the 1913 coup and had his former chief murdered.
Victoriano Huerta

The Great War was precipitated by the
assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, by a Serbian nationalist.

At the outbreak of the Great War in 1914, the Allied Powers included
Great Britain, France, and Russia.

Many Americans favored neutrality during the Great War because
Americans traditionally feared the entanglement in European affairs.

American attitudes towards the two sides in the Great War were most influenced by
conflicts over freedom of the seas

Many Americans were shocked and outraged when the British liner_____ was torpedoed and almost 1200 people died.
Lusitania

In wooing the progressives in the election of 1916, Wilson
reversed himself and put into effect almost every important plank of the 1912 Progressive platform

If the United States had not entered the Great War, it is likely that
the Central Powers would have won in 1918

During the Great War, the government agency which had almost dictatorial powers to allocate scarce materials and fix prices was the
War Industries Board

What happened as a result of Wilson’s mobilization of the home front in the war?
The government’s regulation of the economy was extensive.

The former mining engineer and head of the Belgian Relief Commission, whom Wilson named to mobilize America’s agricultural resources, was
Herbert Hoover

Farm income during the Great War
rose dramatically

During the Great War, mere criticism of the government became cause for arrest and imprisonment under the ______ Act.
Sedition

The Great War triggered a major movement of
southern blacks to northern cities.

The American Expeditionary Force was commanded by General
John J. Pershing.

On what day did the Germans sign the armistice ending the fighting in World War I
November 11, 1918

President Wilson’s plan for a lasting peace after the Great Was was known as the
Fourteen Points

When President Wilson left the United States to attend the peace conference in Paris he
was the first U.S. president to leave American territory.

The peace settlement reached at the Paris conference of 1919 was called the _____ Treaty
Versailles

Wilson believed that any weakness in the Versailles Treaty could be overcome by the
League of Nations

When it appeared as if the Versailles Treaty, without reservations, would not be approved by the necessary two-thirds of the Senate, Wilson
attempted to rally support for the treaty by a nationwide speaking tour.

In the 1919-1920 red scare, radicals were ruthlessly suppressed by Attorney General
A. Mitchell Palmer.

The results of the presidential election of 1920 reflected most Americans’
rejection of reform and idealism

Most American women who took industrial jobs during the Great War were able to keep them when the war ended
False–Most women were not able to keep their industrial jobs when the Great War ended, most jobs returned to the men returning from the war.

In addition to closing it’s gates to Eastern European immigrants in the 1920’s, the U.S. also
Experienced increasing anti-semitism

Feminist Maragaret Sanger was one of the
Strongest proponents of birth control

After winning the vote, most women in the 1920’s
Lost interest in agitating for change

The 1920’s saw immense changes in popular culture because of the two new technologies of
Motion pictures and radios

The major effect of advertising on radio was
Production of programs of little intellectual content or controversy, aimed at the lowest tastes

The Sac and Fox Indian who was probably the greatest all-around athlete of the 20th century was
Jim Thorpe

The “Sultan of Swat” who transformed baseball during the 1920’s with his hitting prowess was
Babe Ruth

In the 1920’s many rural Americans thought of the new city-oriented culture as
Blighted by sin and materialism

Urban-rural tensions of the twenties produced a resurgence of
Religious fundamentalism

The popular politician who was the greatest asset of religious fundamentalists campaigning against teaching Darwin’s theory of evolution in the schools was
William Jennings Bryan

The 1925 Dayton, Tennessee “Monkey Trial” dealt with
Teaching evolution in the public schools

The prohibition movement was most strongly supported by _______ Americans
Rural

The most horrible example of social malaise of the 1920’s was the
Revival of the KKK

The literature of the 1920’s reflected the
Disillusionment of the intellectuals

The Sacco-Vanzetti case that inspired many intellectuals demonstrated that American justice had little sympathy towards
radicals and aliens

The symbol of the “lost generation” and the author of The Great Gatsby was
F. Scott Fitzgerald

During the 1920’s black Americans experienced
discrimination and concentration in northern ghettos

The leader of the Universal Negro Improvement Association, whose slogan was “Back to Africa” was
Marcus Garvey

The flourishing of black literature, theatre, and music during the twenties was known as the
Harlem Renaissance

During the 1920’s, the ____ industry had the single most important impact on the nation’s booming economy
automobile

It would be accurate to say that Henry Ford
realized mass production could make a car cheap enough for the average consumer

The almost simultaneous developments in airplanes and automobiles in the early twentieth century were due to the fact that both developments were stimulated by the
invention of the internal combustion engine.

In May 1927, the first solo non-stop flight from New York to Paris was made in the Spirit of St Louis by
Charles Lindbergh

In retrospect, the era of the 1920’s seems to be clearly a period of
rapid transition during which the complex modern world was emerging.

Although it treated the Ku Klux Klan sympathetically, D.W. Griffith’s Birth of a Nation was a major technical and artistic breakthrough for the infant motion picture industry.
A-True
B-False
True.

The term with which President Warren G. Harding is frequently identified as
“normalcy”

During the 1920’s, appointments to federal regulatory agencies such as the Interstate Commerce Commission and the Federal Reserve Board were generally
pro-big business

The illegal leasing of government oil reserves at Teapot Dome, Wyoming, was the worst scandal involving the administration of President
Warren G. Harding

Immediately after the Great War, Americans generally were
retreating into isolationism

The Five-Power Treaty signed by the United States, Great Britain, Japan, France, and Italy in 1922 committed them to
limiting their battleships to a fixed ratio.

Under the Kellog-Briand Pact of 1928, the United States agreed to
renounce war as a solution in international controversies.

Members of the peace movement of the 1920’s believed that
peace could be attained by pointing out the moral disadvantages of war

Herbert Hoover’s administration reversed the policies of President Wilson toward Latin America by
declaring the right to intervene dependent on the doctrine of self-preservation.

Under the Stimson Doctrine, the United States
declared that it would never recognize the legality of seizure made in violation of U.S. treaty rights.

The 1924____ Plan attempted to solve Germany’s post-war financial problems by granting it a $200 million loan
Dawes

The Republican elected president in 1928, the “intellectual leader, almost the philosopher, of the New Era,” was
Herbert Hoover

The Democratic candidate for president in 1928 was _____, an anti-prohibition Catholic from New York City.
Al Smith

Herbert Hoover’s victory in 1928 was
a smashing triumph, appearing to doom the Democrats to extinction.

The weakest element in the economy during the 1920’s was
agriculture

President Hoover believed that direct economic aid to farmers
should be opposed as a matter of principle.

President Hoover’s assurance that “the business of the country… is on a sound and prosperous basis” preceded which of the following events?
stock market crash of October, 1929

The Great Depression was a worldwide phenomenon caused chiefly by the
economic imbalances resulting from the chaos of the Great War.

Hoover’s program for ending the Depression called for the federal government to
lend funds to banks and corporations on the verge of collapse.

One important aspect of the way Hoover dealt with the Depression was his
refusal to allow federal funds to be used for direct relief for individuals.

During the Great Depression, “Hoovervilles” became homes
homeless people

The Bonus Army which came to Washington D.C. in 1932, consisted largely of
unemployed veterans

How were families of the unemployed affected by the Great Depression?
Wives’ influence tended to increase.

President Franklin Roosevelt called his plan of reform and recovery the
New Deal

The heart of Roosevelt’s New Deal was
bold, persistent experimentation

Unlike the policies of his opponent, Franklin Roosevelt pledged during his campaign that his administration would
do what was necessary to protect individuals and advance the public good.

The “Hundred Days” refers to the enormous amount of legislation enacted during the
first three months of FDR’s first administration

The Civilian Conservation Corps was intended primarily to
create soil conservation and reforestation jobs for unemployed young men.

In the early New Deal, FDR hoped to stimulate business recovery through the partial suspension of antitrust laws, but with worker protection, in the_________ Act
National Industrial Recovery Act

The labor organization led by John L. Lewis, which fought to organize the semi-skilled and unskilled workers in major mass production industries in the 1930’s was the
Committee for Industrial Organization.

The Agricultural Adjustment Act sought to raise farm income by
restricting commodity production.

Perhaps the most serious weakness of the Agricultural Adjustment Act was
failing to assist tenant farmers and sharecroppers

The philosophy of the New Deal is best described as
lacking any consistent ideological base

The New Deal program that provided billions of dollars for roads, stadiums, actors, writers, and artists was the _______ Administration.
Works Progress.

The novel that best portrayed the desperate plight of millions impoverished by the Depression was the The Grapes of Wrath written by
John Steinbeck

The popular “Radio Priest” whose program criticized Roosevelt and came to resemble fascism
Charles Coughlin

FDR’s critic who presented a popular scheme for old-age pensions was
Dr. Francis Townsend

The “Second” New Deal measure giving workers the right to bargain collectively and prohibiting employers from interfering with union organization activities in their factories was the ______ Act.
National Labor Relations or Wagner

FDR sought to make the Supreme Court more “pro-New Deal” in 1937 by proposing that
the numbers of justices should be increased.

Roosevelt’s popularity slumped sharply during the late 1930’s, partly because of the
recession of 1937-38

One of the problems with the New Deal was that it
increased the size of the federal bureaucracy and made government more difficult to monitor.

The “most significant” aspect of the “Roosevelt revolution was that it
committed the country to the idea of federal responsibility for the national welfare.

In addition to heading an informed network of Washington women in key posts, Eleanor Roosevelt was noted for her special interest in better treatment for
blacks

The New Deal’s Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 encouraged
returning individually owned lands to tribal control

Roosevelt communicated directly and effectively with the public through
“fireside chats”

During FDR’s first term, 1933-1937, the hallmark of American foreign policy was
neutrality and isolationism

How did the Neutrality Act of 1935 treat the sale of munitions?
It forbade their sale to all belligerents whenever the president should proclaim that a state of war existed

In September 1939 Britain and France declared war after Germany invaded
Poland

In early 1941, FDR proposed aiding the financially exhausted British under the _____ Act.
Lend-Lease

FDR spoke for the hopes of many for a better post-war world when he expressed his goal of
Four Freedoms

At the end of November, 1941, the United States was
fighting an undeclared naval war with Germany.

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