Heat exhaustion: This condition often occurs when people exercise in a hot, humid place and body fluids are lost through sweating, causing dehydration and overheating of the body. Temperature may be elevated, but not above 104 F (40 C). Occurs when not well adjusted to heat exercise. At high temperatures, the body cools itself largely through evaporation of sweat. When humid, this mechanism does not work properly. Body loses a electrolytes.
When this is accompanied by an inadequate replacement of fluids, disturbances in the circulation may result that are similar to a mild form of shock. Symptoms: Pale with cool, moist skin, sweating profusely, Muscle cramps or pains, Feels faint or dizzy, May complain of headache, weakness, thirst, and nausea. Core temperature more than 100 F (37. 7 C) and the pulse rate increased. Go to hospital: Loss of consciousness, confusion, or delirium, chest or abdominal pain, Inability to drink fluids, Continuous vomiting, Temperature more than 104 F.
Temperature that is rising despite cooling the person, serious ongoing medical problems Mild cases: Rest in a cool, shaded area, Give cool fluids such as water or sports drinks for dehydration, Salty snacks, Loosen or remove clothing, Apply cool water to skin. Heat stroke: The person’s cooling system, controlled by the brain, stops working and the internal body temperature rises to the point at which brain damage or damage to other internal organs may result (temperature may reach 105 F or greater [40. 5 C or greater]). Stay hydrated as prevention is the key. Develops rapidly.
Heat stroke happens in the following two ways: The classic form occurs in people whose cooling mechanisms are impaired. The exertional form occurs in previously healthy people who are undergoing strenuous activity in a hot environment. ?Meds: antihistamines and certain types of medication for high blood pressure, heart disease, or depression. Symptoms: Unconscious or has a markedly abnormal mental status (dizziness, confusion, hallucinations, or coma). Flushed, hot, and dry skin (although it may be moist initially from previous sweating or from attempts to cool the person with water).
May have slightly elevated blood pressure at first that falls later May be hyperventilating. Rectal (core) temperature of 105 F (40. 5 C) or more While waiting for EMT: Move the person to a cooler environment, or place him or her in a cool bath of water (as long as the person is conscious and can be attended continuously). Alternatively, moisten the skin with lukewarm water and use a fan to blow cool air across the skin. Give cool beverages by mouth only if the person has a normal mental state and can tolerate it. Need: CPR mask Stethescope Pen light BP cuff Scissors Gloves First aid kit.