The whole team were expelled from the event, as the Tour De France ‘disintegrated in chaos’ Strychnine and Brandy Thomas Hicks (USA) St Lois Olympic Games Hicks’ handlers, who had accompanied him throughout the race admitted to giving him repeated doses of the drugs, not to Hicks’ knowledge. Hicks was allowed to keep his medal. Amphetamines The British team’s luggage was searched and more pill supplies were found. At the time, the drugs element did not cause the sensation that might be expected today: the death itself was of most concern. The IOC set up a Medical Commission in 1950, mainly to investigate the medical effects of the use of stimulants, especially amphetamines, to increase endurance. Simpson’s death introduced testing which came in at the 1968 winter Olympics.
Johnson lost his gold medal, his time expunged from the records; he was the 31st competitor to be disqualified for drugs since the IOC instituted systematic testing in 1972. Androstenedione Randy Barnes Inderal, a beta-blocker which helped counteract the effects of an hereditary nervous disorder. After criticism, and a review by WPBSA, Inderal became a banned substance and Werbeniuk was eventually banned from tournaments.
The racehorse tested positive for the drug after winning a race at Southwell, England. The drugs would have had a similar effect on horses as humans, slow the heart rate down and relieve stress. Diuretics: to reduce weight and flush other substances out Kerrith was stripped of his bronze medal, although he pleaded that a medical officer gave him an anti-inflammatory substance containing the substance to reduce knee swelling.
Martti had been careful enough to cease using the drug well before competition to escape detection, but blundered by having himself transfused with that blood that had been removed from his body early in 1984 when training at altitude. He lost his silver medal.