Government

The right to vote for all citizens has
expanded over time.

By 2008, the major political parties no longer exhibited any significant ideological overlap, as conservatives came to dominate the Republican Party and liberals/progressives the Democratic Party. This move in the parties toward ideological purity has resulted in all of the following except
the dismantling of parties as insignificant.

Politics is
All of these choices are true.

The following statement would be compatible with __________ ideology: “The government should act to create jobs during an economic crisis.”
liberal

Politics is
a process that resolves conflict within a society and is a struggle over power or influence within organizations or informal groups.

The political theory of majoritarianism states that
government should do what the majority of the people want it to.

The dominant culture in U.S. political culture comes from Western European civilization. Which of the following values is not among those of the dominant culture?
economic equality

Liberty is
the greatest freedom of the individual consistent with the freedom of other individuals.

Liberals endorse all of the following except
a limited role for the government in helping individuals.

To say that authority has legitimacy is to
say that authority is broadly accepted

The Great Compromise
proposed a bicameral legislature with equal representation in the Senate

The plan to keep the public from choosing U.S. presidents failed because
most would-be electors were publicly pledged to a candidate

The creative thinkers who designed the Constitution were most influenced by
historical experiences gained through trial of several forms of government during New World settlement.

Judicial review is
the ability of the courts to declare acts of the legislative and executive branches of government unconstitutional.

Taxes were imposed on the colonists to
pay for the costs of Britain’s defense of the colonies during the French and Indian War.

The Federalist Papers, which offered arguments in favor of ratifying the Constitution, was authored by
Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay.

The term confederation or confederal refers to
a voluntary association in which states have most of the power.

A constitutional amendment can be ratified by
a positive vote in conventions in three-fourths of the states, and/or a positive vote in the legislatures of three-fourths of the states.

The president of the United States is chosen by
the electoral college.

The colonists’ fury over taxation led to
All of these choices are true.

Since the mid-1990s, the Supreme Court’s decisions on federalism have
been establishing limits on the powers of the national government under the commerce clause.

In United States v. Lopez (1995), the Supreme Court
All of these choices are true

A _____________ system of government is one in which the central government has ______________.
unitary; almost all the power

The police power is
is delegated to the states to make laws not prohibited by the national or state constitutions

All are true of federal grants except that they
are given by the states for national projects.

The Greek financial crisis has its roots in
All of these choices are true.

All of the following are true except
in federal systems, the power is held by the national government

Strings attached to federal grants are
called federal mandates and are designed to force states to comply with federal policies.

States have the power to ________________ but cannot _________________.
impose taxes on income and license marriages; make treaties or wage war with foreign nations

States may enter into agreements called interstate compacts
All of these choices are true

National authority has traditionally been preferred by
liberals

English philosopher John Locke believed that the main purpose of government was to
protect man’s natural rights of life, liberty, and property.

A government program that is funded by the national government but run and managed by state governments is emblematic of
cooperative federalism

The population of the United States is expected to
continue to grow due to ​immigration.

By 2008, the major political parties no longer exhibited any significant ideological overlap, as conservatives came to dominate the Republican Party and liberals/progressives the Democratic Party. This move in the parties toward ideological purity has resulted in all of the following except
the dismantling of parties as insignificant

According to the Sixth Amendment, the accused
have a right to a speedy trial

The factions among delegates at the Constitutional Convention
All of these choices are true.

The concept of universal suffrage refers to
the right of all adults to vote for a representative in government

All of the following rights and liberties were guaranteed by the Constitution prior to the enactment of the Bill of Rights except
the right to freely exercise one’s religion.

Some federal grants, such as categorical grants, ____________, while others, such as block grants, ____________.
fund specific programs or projects; give states greater flexibility in spending

In a federal political system, authority is
divided between the central government and regional or subdivisional governments.

The Bill of Rights
is sometimes called the Bill of Limits, and is composed of the first Ten Amendments to the Constitution.

States have the power to ________________ but cannot _________________.
impose taxes on income and license marriages; make treaties or wage war with foreign nations

A voluntary agreement among individuals to secure their rights and welfare by creating a government and abiding by its rules is called
a social contract

The first draft of the Declaration of Independence was written by
Thomas Jefferson.

Taxes were imposed on the colonists to
pay for the costs of Britain’s defense of the colonies during the French and Indian War.

Government strives to protect members of society from
All of these choices are true.

The Jamestown colonists set a political precedent by
instituting a representative assembly.

All of the following are true except
in federal systems, the power is held by the national government.

In response to the Great Recession of 2000s, we initially saw _________________, followed by _________________.
a boost in federal funding to the states; states cutting spending and government employment

The Supreme Court’s recent ruling on the Voting Rights Act
​overturned parts of the act, making for a major states’ rights victory.

State laws that have legalized the medical or recreational uses of marijuana conflict with federal law and may be invalidated because of
the supremacy clause

In the United States, basic guarantees of liberty are found in
the Bill of Rights.

A procedure allowing the people to vote to dismiss an elected official from state office before his or her term has expired is called
a recall

States may enter into agreements called interstate compacts
All of these choices are true.

If Congress disagrees with a decision of the Supreme Court concerning the interpretation of the U.S. Constitution, it can do all of the following except
require that the president veto the decision

The concept of senatorial courtesy refers to the
practice of allowing senators to veto candidates for federal district courts in their state.

The power of judicial review
​is not specifically listed in the Constitution.
is the judicial power to review the constitutionality of laws or actions by other branches of government.
​was claimed by the Supreme Court in Marbury v. Madison.
Correct Response ​All of these choices are true.
None of these choices is true.
ALL!!

Federal judges
serve lifetime terms.
are appointed by the president.
may be impeached and removed from office.
are approved by the Senate.
Correct Response All of these choices are true.
ALL

Judges and justices in the federal court system are
appointed by the president with the advice and consent of the Senate

In the appeals court
judges review lower court case records to determine if there is evidence of an error.

A writ of certiorari by the Supreme Court orders
a lower court to send up the record of a case for review

When William Rehnquist was appointed chief justice in 1986
the Supreme Court began a shift toward greater conservatism.

The Anti-Terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act that created an alien removal court was passed
in 1996 as a response to the bombing of a federal building in Oklahoma City.

President Obama has had
difficulty in getting his judicial candidates approved by the Senate.

The number of federal government employees has
remained relatively stable for the last several decades

Enabling legislation
​provides authorization for new federal agencies.

All of the following statement are true about cabinet departments except
new cabinet departments are created by the president

The Federal Employees Political Activities Act of 1993 allows federal employees to
ALLLL!!!
run in non-partisan elections.
participate in voter registration drives.
make campaign contributions.
campaign for candidates in partisan elections.
Correct Response All of these choices are true.

Bureaucratic agencies often decide for themselves how to carry out the wishes of Congress because
legislation is often too vague to effectively guide the bureaucracy and they are enabled to do so by the legislation itself.

Any one of the fifteen major parts of the executive branch would be a(n)
cabinet department

The Whistleblower Protection Act
prohibits reprisals against whistleblowers by their superior

The Government in the Sunshine Act required that
all federal agencies run by committees conduct their business regularly in public session.

All of the following statements about the civil service are true except
reform of the civil service first began under President Jimmy Carter in 1978.

Independent regulatory agencies
ALL!!!

are administered independently of all three branches.
make rules that have the force of law.
provide enforcement of the rules they have passed.
decide disputes over the rules they have made.
Correct Response All of these choices are true

Executive agreements are
agreements between the president and a head of foreign government that do not have to be approved by the Senate.

“Going public
means that presidents take their case to the public to persuade members of Congress to support their agenda, was rarely used by presidents in the 1800s, and allows a president to explain complicated or controversial topics to voters directly.

Presidential popularity
is an important resource for presidents to use to persuade Congress to pass legislation.

Which of the following is true?
A person born in U.S. soil or is born to American parents may become president

Executive privilege
involves the ability of the president and executive branch officials to withhold certain information from Congress and the courts.

After the vice president, next in the line of succession is _____________, followed by _____________.
the Speaker of the House; the secretary of state

The office that includes most of the key personal and political advisers to the president is the
White House Office.

With regard to presidential pardons, all of the following statements are true except
presidents may grant a pardon only if the person to be pardoned has been convicted of a crime.

The principle concern about a new cold war is that
Russia might ally itself with China

All of the following are true of emergency powers except
the Supreme Court upheld Truman’s seizing of the steel plants in the Korean War.

The job of a conference committee is to
reconcile House and Senate versions of a bill.

Reapportionment is
the allocation of seats in the House to each state after each census.

The Speaker of the House and the Senate majority leader
influence committee assignments and schedule legislation for debate.

A filibuster is
an attempt to prevent the passage of a bill through the use of unlimited debate.

Redistricting is
the redrawing of district boundaries within each state to ensure equal district populations.

A budget prepared by the president and submitted to Congress is called the
executive budget

Congressional caucuses are formed around
ALL!!!
ideological points of view such as the Tea Party and the Progressive Caucus.
special agricultural interest such as potatoes and corn growers.
racial or ethnic interests.
ideological points of view such as the Tea Party and the Progressive Caucus, and special agricultural interest such as potatoes and corn growers.
Correct Response All of these choices are true

All of the following are true of the people who work for Congress except
they are larger in number for House members than for Senators.

After a bill has been introduced and referred to a committee, the committee
may hold hearings and discussions to explore the merits of the bill

The people whom a legislator represents and spends considerable time and effort serving are called
constituents.

The Hastert Rule in the House is a rule under which _________ will not bring a bill to the floor unless __________.
a Republican Speaker; it has the support of a majority of Republican House members

The process of suspending the rules of the Senate, thus ending the threat of a filibuster
is known as the nuclear option

The Speaker of the House and the Senate majority leader
influence committee assignments and schedule legislation for debate.

The people whom a legislator represents and spends considerable time and effort serving are called
constituents.

The job of a conference committee is to
reconcile House and Senate versions of a bill

Which of the following is not a function of Congress?
carrying out and executing the laws it has passed

All of the following are enumerated or expressed powers except the power to
create a national bank.

The two houses of Congress are
organized by political party.

The process of compromise by offering to trade support for a legislator’s bill if they support yours is called
logrolling.

The Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 requires
the president to spend the funds that Congress has appropriated

When the president receives a bill
he or she can do nothing and in ten days the bill becomes a law without his or her signature, or he or she can sign it and it will become law.

According to the ___________, the Speaker of the House of Representatives assumes the presidency when both the presidency and vice presidency are vacant
Presidential Succession Act of 1947

After the vice president, next in the line of succession is _____________, followed by _____________.
the Speaker of the House; the secretary of state

Presidential popularity
an important resource for presidents to use to persuade Congress to pass legislation

​The use of the party-column ballot has been shown to ________________________.
increase the coattail effect.

The party organization is
the formal structure and leadership of a political party.

Some observers believe the following about low voter turnout:
ALL!!
Too few individuals are wielding too much political power.
Low turnout is a sign of satisfaction with the status quo.
Incorrect Response Low turnout is a sign of political apathy in the voting public.
Potential voters do not want to take the time to learn about the issues.
Correct Answer All of these choices are true.

Many political scientists contend that third parties
serve as a safety valve for dissident political groups, preventing major confrontations and political unrest.

In polling, the difference between the sample’s results and those that would have been obtained had the entire population been interviewed is
a sampling error

The party-in-government
is made up of all of the elected and appointed officials who identify with a political party.

The Federal Employees Political Activities Act of 1993 allows federal employees to
All of these choices are true.

Independent executive agencies are
federal agencies that are not part of cabinet departments, but report directly to the president.

Bureaucratic agencies often decide for themselves how to carry out the wishes of Congress because
legislation is often too vague to effectively guide the bureaucracy and they are enabled to do so by the legislation itself.

In 2008, the Trouble Asset Relief Program (TARP
provided a bailout to banks, automobile companies, and the AIG insurance company.

Any one of the fifteen major parts of the executive branch would be a(n)
cabinet department

Which of the following is true?
A release of classified information that may endanger American soldiers is called a leak, and a release of information that calls attention to inefficiency or illegal action is called whistleblowing

Congressional control over the bureaucracy
All of these choices are true.

Spending on public schools
ALL!!
has risen several times to an average of $12,500 per students.
is favored by a majority of those surveyed.
Incorrect Response has been a point of contention between Republicans and Democrats.
has dipped recently due to budget issues.
Correct Answer All of these choices are true.

Government employment grew rapidly until
the 1980 election of Ronald Reagan

After a bureaucratic regulation is proposed
All of the above

The monopolistic model of bureaucracy states that
bureaucracies have no competitors and are therefore inefficient

U.S. district courts
are the trial courts of the federal system

The concept of senatorial courtesy refers to the
practice of allowing senators to veto candidates for federal district courts in their state.

The power of the courts to determine the constitutionality of a law or action is called
judicial review

All of the following are true about presidential appointments to the Supreme Court except
Republican presidents have usually appointed liberal justices

Judges and justices in the federal court system are
appointed by the president with the advice and consent of the Senate.

The Supreme Court cases, Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission and McDonald v. Chicago, were victories for the
political right

President Obama appointed
Justices Sotomayor and Kagan, to replace Justices Souter and Stevens, and the first Hispanic member of the Supreme Court.

A previous court decision that influences and is the basis for deciding later, similar cases is called
a precedent

The number of cases that the Supreme Court reviews each term has
dropped significantly since the 1980s

The number of justices on the Supreme Court
used to be six, but is currently nine.

A political party differs from an interest group in that
political parties want to operate the government and interest groups do not.

Public opinion in the United States tends to be more _____________ than political elites in areas such as religion in public schools, but more ______________ in areas such as Social Security spending.
conservative; liberal

The degree to which individuals express trust in the government is called
political trust.

Political Action Committees
are committees created under federal or state law for the purpose of collecting political donations.

Radio, television, wire, and cable are regulated by
the Federal Communications Commission.

The values that shape American political culture include all of the following except
government control of the economy.

The pre-primary election effort to win support from elected officials, fund raisers, interest groups, and opinion leaders is called the
invisible primary.

The two-party system has dominated the American political landscape for all of the following reasons except
third parties are illegal in many jurisdictions.

All of the following are a part of parties’ role in organizing and running elections except
articulating policies and opposing the majority party.

Regarding modest increases in the minimum wage
it is unclear whether they have a measurable effect on employment.

Super PACs
allow America’s millionaires and billionaires to donate unlimited funds to influence elections, and raise money to run both positive and negative campaign ads.

In a recent study, high school students most often said they base their views on information they obtained from
mass media

All of the following are true about labor unions except
a large turnout of union members will increase the final vote totals for Republicans.

All of the following are true of interest groups except that they
are extremely successful in persuading the president to endorse their programs completely.

Having a college education
no longer means that an individual is likely to vote for a particular party

Public opinion polls
provide information that sets a limit on government actions.

The first partisan political division in the United States was between
the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists.

Priming can be defined as a way in which the media
alters public perceptions of an issue by embedding that issue in particular stories.

As chief executive, the president is constitutionally bound to
enforce laws, treaties, and court orders.

Presidential candidates have asked individuals to join the ticket as vice presidential candidates for all of the following reasons except
to serve as a co-president.

Some observers believe the following about low voter turnout
ALL!!
Too few individuals are wielding too much political power.
Low turnout is a sign of satisfaction with the status quo.
Low turnout is a sign of political apathy in the voting public.
Potential voters do not want to take the time to learn about the issues.
Correct Response All of these choices are true.

Presidents have frequently invoked _____________ to avoid disclosing to Congress about the activities of the executive branch.
executive privilege

A key difference between the Cold War and current animosity between the United States and Russia is
All of these choices are true.

Candidates for president face obstacles to winning for all of the following reasons except that they must
have great personal wealth in order to win.

One thing that helps to diminish ideological bias in journalism is
​a professional code that dictates objectivity and truth.

Making political campaign lies illegal could have the effect of
​more honest campaigning.

Naturalized citizens are constitutionally barred from running for the office of
U.S. president.

The advent of broadband Internet access has led to the rise of
​ISPs with local monopolies.

In the last few years, ​threats to a free press around the world have included
the kidnapping of journalists.

A ________________ is a statewide election of delegates to a party’s national convention, where the delegates will choose the party’s presidential nominee.​
presidential primary

Third parties have influenced American politics by
sometimes determining whether the Republicans or Democrats win an election.

In “wave elections”
dissatisfaction with the performance of one part or another can produce a wave of support for the other party, and the effects of the election results are temporary.

In the election of 2010
ALL!!
some voters likely blamed Democrats for the continued poor state of the economy.
independents turned away from Democrats due to the expanding size of government.
Republicans took back the House of Representatives.
Democrats held their majority in the U.S. Senate.
Correct Response All of these choices are true

A two-party system
is one in which only two parties have a reasonable chance of winning.

Which of the following is true?
The Great Depression shattered the working-class belief in Republican economic competence.

​In a proportional representation electoral system
​political parties win seats in a legislature based on the proportion of the vote they receive.

Most candidates for public office in the United States are chosen
as a result of the candidate’s hard work and personal organization.

Progressivism was
ALL!!
a response to the growing power of corporations.
embraced by Teddy Roosevelt.
a belief that honest, impartial government could regulate the economy.
a response to the growing power of corporations and was embraced by Teddy Roosevelt.
Correct Response All of these choices are true.

Some of the most successful minor parties have been __________, which have split off from a major party.
​splinter parties

Which is true of federal and state laws?
The two major parties have a clear advantage because the laws have fewer obstacles for them.

A public-policy interest that is not recognized or represented by a group is a
latent interest

All of the following are true of interest groups except that they
are extremely successful in persuading the president to endorse their programs completely.

The existence of interest groups
can be problematic for democracy because members of the middle or upper classes often dominate interest groups.

Labor unions are
not popular in southern states such as Georgia and North Carolina, and popular in states such as New York and California

a free rider is
someone who benefits from the actions of a group without joining it.

To generate public pressure, interest groups may
All of these options are true.

The primary purpose of 1946 legislation that targeted lobbying was to
improve public disclosure of lobbying.

To influence government and policy, lobbyists commonly engage in all of the following except
running for Congress.

​In cases where the goal of an interest group can be described as having concentrated benefits and dispersed costs, there tends to be a(n) ___________ between supporters and opponents.
enthusiasm gap

Interest groups often hire former government employees or former members of Congress as lobbyists for all of the following reasons except that these
groups cannot possibly be effective if they do not hire these people

Public opinion in the United States tends to be more _____________ than political elites in areas such as religion in public schools, but more ______________ in areas such as Social Security spending.
conservative; liberal

Public confidence in
the military has increased likely due to the military’s role in the war on terrorism, and in religion has decreased due to sex scandals.

A major problem for Republicans coming out of the 2012 election was that
​Barack Obama secured 75 percent of the Hispanic vote.

Public opinion supports
the general idea of paying more for education.

The transfer of political values
is more likely to occur from parents to children.

Studies suggest that parents’ political influence over their children is due to
ALL!!
the strong need of children for parental approval.
the ability of parents to communicate frequently with their children.
the ability of parents to communicate their feelings and preferences to their children.
family links to other factors that affect opinion, such as race, social class, education, and religious beliefs.
Correct Response All of these choices are true.

All of the following are true of public opinion except that it
plays a small role in U.S. political system.

Private opinion becomes public opinion when
it concerns public issues and is publicly expressed.

Those who identify as libertarian tend to be concentrated
among the wealthy.

Which of the following is an incorrect statement?
Most African Americans have supported the Republican Party since the 1930s.

Since the “daisy girl” political advertisement in 1964, we have seen _________________ because _________________.
an increase in negative advertising; it is perceived as effective

Staff members in the Executive Office of the President who oversee a particular policy area are commonly referred to as
czars.

At the national convention
he presidential candidate is chosen by the party delegates

A constitutional amendment to clarify the way votes are cast in the electoral college was necessary because
there was a tie in the electoral votes in the election of 1800, and there was no way to tell which votes were for president and which were for vice president

For a public figure to obtain a damage award under libel laws, he or she must
show that the statement in question contained a reckless disregard for the truth.

In 2003, the U.S. Supreme Court considered two different admissions policies adopted at the University of Michigan Law School and
approved affirmative action plans that took race into consideration as part of a complete examination of the applicant’s background.

In the 1960s and 1970s, women’s groups became divided over issues including
ALL
the Equal Rights Amendment.
pornography.
abortion rights.
the Equal Rights Amendment and abortion rights.
Correct Response All of these choices are true.

Which of the following statements about women’s rights is true?
ALL !!
The Supreme Court has ruled that certain jobs cannot establish arbitrary rules on weight and height requirements that would keep women out of the professions.
Title IX guaranteed women’s participation in high schools and collegiate athletics.
Women have been allowed to serve as combat pilots.
State-financed military academies cannot exclude women students.
Correct Response All of these choices are true.

In 1969, the Supreme Court in Brandenburg v. Ohio
overturned a statute that prohibited anyone from advocating violence as a means to political reform.

In order to pass strict scrutiny, a law must do all of the following except
​be rationally related to a government interest.

Any practice, policy, or procedure that denies equality of treatment to an individual or to a group because of gender
is gender discrimination.

With regard to physician-assisted suicide, the Supreme Court has said that
the liberty interest protected by the Constitution does not include a right to commit suicide.

The writ of habeas corpus is
the right to be brought before a court and have the reasons for detention explained.

When reaching the age of majority
a person is entitled to handle one’s own affairs without parental interference and may be subject to more serious penalties for crimes committed.

Which of the following is true about women’s rights?
The struggle for women’s rights first began in earnest at a convention in Seneca Falls, New York, in 1848 and Women’s voting rights are found in the Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution.

The Supreme Court case, In re Gault, provided that
children have a constitutional right to counsel.

The American Indian population experienced a _________, largely due to __________.
catastrophic collapse; diseases brought over from Europe

The Court has based the right to privacy on
ALL

the First Amendment.
the Third and Fourth Amendments.
the Fifth Amendment.
the Ninth Amendment.
Correct Response All of these choices are true.

The fact that the Supreme Court denied the national government the power to fully ban handguns in 2008, yet a later 2010 decision was needed to apply this same rule to the states is emblematic of
The doctrine of incorporation.

Prior to the __________ and the process of incorporation, ______________.
Fourteenth Amendment; citizens of different states had different sets of civil liberties

The Equal Pay Act of 1963
requires employers to provide equal pay for substantially equal work.

The use of __________ was instrumental in bringing about the integration of lunch counters, buses, and trains.
SIT-INS

Today, there are approximately __________ unauthorized immigrants living in the United States.
11 MILLION

The amending of the Constitution to include an Equal Rights Amendment for women
​has passed through Congress, but failed ratification in the states.

A concern with school vouchers is that they may be used at religious schools and, therefore, violate the
ESTABLISHMENT CLAUSE

The basis of freedom of religion is found in which two principles in the Bill of Rights?
the establishment clause and the free exercise clause

Allowing government to have roving wiretaps
has led to the widespread monitoring of speech.

​Laws that potentially interfere with fundamental rights or classify people based on race have to pass which test employed by the courts?
​strict scrutiny

The impact of illegal immigrant labor on the economy is
ALL
positive because the number of the jobs in the economy are not fixed.
positive because immigrants spend money on goods and services.
Incorrect Response negative because immigrants require services paid for by taxpayers.
positive because immigrants pay state taxes.
Correct Answer All of these choices are true.

​Laws that potentially interfere with fundamental rights or classify people based on race have to pass which test employed by the courts?
STRICT SCRUTINY

On the issue of sexual harassment, the Supreme Court has ruled that
it is considered sexual harassment when words or actions of a sexual nature interfere with the employee’s work or create a “hostile environment.”

​The Supreme Court’s decision in Bowers v. Hardwick, which _______________, was later overturned in ____________.
upheld a Georgia law against homosexual conduct; Lawrence v. Texas

Which of the following are among the limitations imposed by the Supreme Court on affirmative action?
Race cannot be used as the sole criterion.

The Defense of Marriage Act of 1996 was passed in response to
a ruling by the Hawaii Supreme Court that might have allowed same-sex couples to marry.

A century ago, most immigrants came to the United States from __________, while today most come from ___________.
Europe; Latin American and Asia

Compared to other racial minorities, Asian Americans are
better integrated into American society, with higher incomes.

The Supreme Court case, In re Gault, provided that
children have a constitutional right to counsel.

In cases involving juveniles, courts have
​maintained the right to act in the best interests of minors.

Court decisions about prayer in public schools have struck down ___________ but permitted ____________.
official prayers composed by school officials; moments of silence with a secular purpose

The Supreme Court will consider restrictions on commercial speech valid as long as
ALL
the restrictions seek to implement a substantial government interest.
the restrictions directly advance government interests.
the restrictions go no further than necessary to advance governmental interests.
companies continue to try to publish factual inaccuracies.
Correct Response All of these choices are true.

In Webster v. Reproductive Health Services and Planned Parenthood v. Casey, the Supreme Court ruled that states may
ban the use of public hospitals for abortions and require a twenty-four-hour waiting period.

In 1965, in Griswold v. Connecticut, a case involving the legality of contraceptives, the Supreme Court
held that the law violated the right to privacy.

In Gideon v. Wainwright, the Supreme Court ruled that
if one cannot afford an attorney, the government must provide one.

All of the following are true about religious displays on public property except
nativity scenes have been allowed to be displayed by themselves.

Restraints on the actions of government against individuals are known as
civil liberties.

Public uttering of a _______ statement that harms someone’s reputation is _______.
true; neither slander nor libel

The basis of freedom of religion is found in which two principles in the Bill of Rights?
the establishment clause and the free exercise clause

The 1994 Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances Act
prohibits protestors from blocking entrances to abortion clinics.

Politics is
ALL
the process of resolving conflicts.
the struggle for power in organizations.
the process of deciding who gets what, when, and how.
involved in all levels of government.
Correct Response All of these choices are true.

Legitimacy is
a popular acceptance of the right and power of a government or other entity to exercise authority.

All of the following are true except
in federal systems, the power is held by the national government.

The concept of political socialization refers to
the process by which beliefs and values are transmitted to new immigrants and to our children.

​All of the following would be included in the inherent powers of the national government except
providing for the general welfare.

​A government that has the power to make and enforce law but which lacks the acceptance of the people is said to have
​authority but not legitimacy.

All are true of concurrent powers except that they
are expressly written in the Constitution.

​The term Hispanic is used by the U.S. federal government to describe anyone
who can claim heritage from a Spanish-speaking country.

An agreement between two or more states is
an interstate compact.

The fertility rate of 2.1, with which populations are expected to eventually stabilize, is known as
the long-term replacement rate.

In a federal political system, authority is
divided between the central government and regional or subdivisional governments

Governments have authority because
of special norms and because people accept the government’s right to establish rules and laws.

Unlike liberals or conservatives, socialists advocate
replacing investor ownership of businesses by government ownership.

Powers held jointly by the national and state governments are called
concurrent powers.

While there are multiple possibilities to formally amend the Constitution, the most common method has been for __________ to propose new amendments and for _________ to ratify them.
Congress; state legislatures

​All of the following rights and liberties were guaranteed by the Constitution prior to the enactment of the Bill of Rights except
the right to freely exercise one’s religion.

A constitutional amendment can be ratified by
a positive vote in conventions in three-fourths of the states, and/or a positive vote in the legislatures of three-fourths of the states.

The Jamestown colonists set a political precedent by
instituting a representative assembly.

Government is necessary because
ALL
groups compete for power in society.
there needs to be a means to maintain order in society.
a central authority is necessary to provide for the common defense.
a central authority is necessary to promote economic development.
Correct Response All of these choices are true

While economic indicators such as employment struggle to recover from the Great Recession, ____________________ have shown significant movement in a positive direction.
​social indicators such as sexual crimes and teen pregnancies

​A _____________ system of government is one in which the central government has ______________.
unitary; almost all the power

The power of the Supreme Court to declare actions of the other branches of government to be unconstitutional is known as
judicial review.

A style of federalism in which the states and national government act as equals with independent spheres of authority is
dual federalism.

Opposition to big government is in conflict with citizens’ desire for
all
quality schools.
safety and security.
programs for the elderly.
lower taxes.
Correct Response All of these choices are true

Ratification of the Constitution required the approval
by nine out of thirteen state conventions.

A government program that is funded by the national government but run and managed by state governments is emblematic of
cooperative federalism

In a federal political system, authority is
divided between the central government and regional or subdivisional governments.

The federal government supplies
an increasing share of state and local government revenues, and revenue to state governments in the form of block and categorical grants.

The police power is
the authority to legislate for the health, welfare, safety, and morals of the people, and is delegated to the states to make laws not prohibited by the national or state constitutions.

Some federal grants, such as categorical grants, ____________, while others, such as block grants, ____________.
fund specific programs or projects; give states greater flexibility in spending

In the case of Gibbons v. Ogden
the power to regulate interstate commerce was determined to be an exclusive national power of the federal government.

Which government system is used most in the world today?
unitary system

A federal grant that funds a general functional area with fewer restrictions on the states is a
block grant.

The Supreme Court’s recent ruling on the Voting Rights Act
overturned parts of the act, making for a major states’ rights victory.

Since the Great Depression
central government spending is greater than local government spending in total dollars.

The American system, with multiple points at which various powers can block action, often leads to
limited government.

The Three-Fifths Compromise did all of the following except
give African Americans representation that was equal to what free whites received.

​The central government set up by the Constitution was seen to be likely ______________ by an Anti-Federalist but as ______________ by a Federalist.
​overbearing and burdensome; necessary

While nine of the British colonies had ____________, by 1790 only two remained and our presidential elections during this decade featured major candidates who were not, by modern definitions, _____________.
churches established by law; Christian

Prior to ratification, support for the Constitution was probably
widespread across both rich and poor classes.

The president of the United States is chosen by
the electoral college.

A voluntary agreement among individuals to secure their rights and welfare by creating a government and abiding by its rules is called
a social contract.

The concept of separation of powers was included in the Constitution to prevent
tyranny by either the majority or the minority.

All of the following rights and liberties were guaranteed by the Constitution prior to the enactment of the Bill of Rights except
​the right to freely exercise one’s religion.

The First Continental Congress
encouraged the colonists to petition King George III to express their grievances.

The population of the United States is expected to
continue to grow due to ​immigration

The concept that all people are of equal worth
was extended and elaborated over time.

​The Tea Party movement began as
a grassroots conservative movement.

The dominant culture in U.S. political culture comes from Western European civilization. Which of the following values is not among those of the dominant culture?
economic equality

The recent period of divided government, in which Republicans control the House while Democrats control the Senate and presidency, has been characterized as
​a period of political deadlock, during which less legislation has been passed than at any time in recent history.

The following statement would be compatible with __________ ideology: “The government should have no role in providing health care for the country. People should provide their own health care.”
conservative

The total collapse of government
is an uncommon event.

In response to the 2008 recession, conservatives tended to blame
big government.

As an institution, a government is unique in that
it has the ultimate authority for making decisions and establishing political values.

Politics is
ALL
the process of resolving conflicts.
the struggle for power in organizations.
the process of deciding who gets what, when, and how.
involved in all levels of government.
Correct Response All of these choices are true.

Judicial interpretations of common law principles and doctrines, constitutional law, statutory law, and administrative law is
called case law.

The concept of a bureaucracy
ALL
isn’t unique to government.
applies to large corporations and universities.
applies to the U.S. military
applies to any large organization that requires a division of labor.
Correct Response All of these choices are true.

The power of the courts to determine the constitutionality of a law or action is called
judicial review.

In most states, congressional district lines are drawn
by a small group of party leaders in the state legislature.

All of the following are enumerated or expressed powers except the power to
Create a national bank.

The FISA court can
issue warrants without revealing the information used to justify the warrant.

Which of the following is true of political appointees?
ALL
The president makes political appointments to most of the top jobs in the federal bureaucracy.
Ambassadors to foreign countries are political appointees.
Their powers are often exaggerated.
Most have little background for their positions and may be mere figureheads
Correct Answer All of these choices are true.

The members of Congress are
not representative of the voting population in terms of gender

Appointments to the federal courts of appeal are
far less numerous than federal district court appointments, and are often “stepping-stones” to the Supreme Court.

A dissenting opinion can be important because it
often forms the basis of the arguments used later to reverse the previous decision and establish a new precedent.

The Speaker of the House and the Senate majority leader
influence committee assignments and schedule legislation for debate.

In general, ______________ have relied heavily on the advice of the cabinet.
few presidents

A plurality opinion is one in which
the court reaches a decision with a combination of minority decisions.

If a congressional district is challenged based on evidence that the lines were drawn as a racial gerrymander
the U.S. Supreme Court will determine whether the evidence is sufficient to order the district lines to be redrawn.

Which of the following best describes the people who have been elected president?
white, male Protestants

The Anti-Terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act that created an alien removal court was passed
in 1996 as a response to the bombing of a federal building in Oklahoma City.

Judicial activism means
the Supreme Court should actively check the other branches of government when they exceed their authority.

A temporary law that Congress passes when an appropriations bill has not been decided by the beginning of the fiscal year is a(n)
continuing resolution.

The following two presidents are the only ones in American history to have actually been impeached:
Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton

Treaties are subject to _________ before becoming legally binding.
ratification by a two-thirds majority of the Senate

The idea that bureaucracies will try to increase their budgets and expand their power is common in
the acquisitive view of bureaucracy.

After a bureaucratic regulation is proposed
ALL
it is published in the Federal Register.
​a sixty-day waiting period occurs to allow Congress to overturn the regulation.
the regulation can be challenged in court by directly interested parties.

Which of the following are important requirements that must be met before a case can be brought to court?
jurisdiction and standing to sue

According to Max Weber, a bureaucracy should be all of the following except
an organization made up of unspecialized staff to avoid delays in policy implementation.

The enumerated powers of article 1 of the Constitution were intended to Establish a government strong enough to forge a union that was secure in its defense and stable and it’s economy During the Great Depression of the 1930s the …

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When the authors say that we live in an era of “globalization,” they mean that citizens and nations are increasingly interdependent The broad, basic definition of government given by the text is legitimate use of force within specified geographic boundaries …

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