Gov Ch12

The founders of the American republic believed that most of the power that would be exercised by a national government should be in the hands of
the legislature,

A representative who is performing the role of a trustee is
a legislator who acts according to his/her conscience and the broad interests of the entire society/district/country.

A representative who is performing the role of an instructed delegate is
a legislator who votes representing the wishes of his or her constituents.

One major problem with the role of the instructed delegate is that
The constituents likely do not actually have well formed views on the issues that are decided in congress

A legislator from Florida who votes, against her better judgment, to support subsides and prices supports for orange growers would be acting
as an instructed delegate

Which of the following is not a function of Congress?
**fuctions of congress: lawmaking, representation, service to its constituents, oversight, public education & conflict resolution

Enumerated or expressed powers are
powers that are specifically granted to the national government by the constitution

The necessary and proper clause
is the elastic clause.Which means that Congress are allowed to make laws that are “necessary and proper.” Fall under enumerated powers

All of the following are true of the Senate except that
****constitutional amendments??? Congress can borrow and coin money

One major difference between the House and Senate is the total number of members—a difference that has meant that
a more formal rules in the House, looser procedures in the senate

The concept of cloture refers to
shutting off discussion on a bill

All of the following are true of the filibuster except that
read 341 (True)Can talk as long as they want, senate uses unlimited debate to block a bill, health care legislation dodges it, increased use

Reapportionment is
the allocation of seats in the House of Representatives to each state after each census

Redistricting is
the redrawing of district boundaries within each state to ensure equal district populations.

Gerrymandering is
The drawing of legislative district boundary lines to give the dominant party an advantage

Most of the actual work on a bill is
done by the committees and subcommittees within Congress

The most important committees in Congress are ____ committees, permanent bodies that possess an expertise resulting from their jurisdiction over certain policy areas.

All of the following are true of standing committee chairmen except that
read 352 each are given a specific area of legislative policy jurisdiction. almost all measures are considered by them seats handling spending issues are sought after, create subcommittees to carry out their work.

The seniority system provides that
members of the majority party with the longest continuous service will be given preference when a committee chairperson is seleted.

The most powerful person in the House of Representatives is the
Speaker of the House

An important function of the House majority leader is to
Foster cohesion among party members, and act as spokesperson for the majority party

The whips assist the party leaders by
passing information down from leadership to party members and by ensuring that members show up for floor debate and cast their vote on important issues.

The president of the Senate is
the Vice-President of the U.S.

The real leadership power in the Senate rests in the hands of the
President Pro Tempore***proterm**?

The Speaker of the House and the Senate majority leader
are usually the same, exercise the same powers

Most people who study the decision-making process in Congress agree that the single best predictor for how a member will vote is his or her
party affiliation

“Money bills” must originate
in the house

After being reported by a committee but before being sent to the House floor, bills are given to the ____, which defines the conditions under which the bills are to be considered by the House.
rules committee

The job of a conference committee is
to reconcile House and Senate versions of a bill. **To write a compromise bill.

The Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 requires
the president to spend the funds that congress has appropriated. Congress examines the total spending and taxing at least twice in each budget cycle

One of the most powerful agencies in Washington, the ____ assists in the preparation of the federal budget and monitors federal agencies throughout the year.
Office of Management and Budget

The actual passage of a bill setting the funds that an agency can spend is called a(n)

A temporary law that Congress passes when an appropriations bill has not been decided by the beginning of the fiscal year is
a continuing resolution

The Constitution states that the required minimum age for the presidency is
thirty-five years.

Which of the following best describes the people who have been elected president?

To be elected president, one must receive
a majority of the electoral vote, majority of states

When no presidential candidate receives a majority of the electoral vote, the
election is decided in the House of Representatives

The president, in the capacity as head of state, is responsible for
leading the executive branch

All of the following are examples of the president acting as Head of State except
making decisions about where to send troops.engaging in activities that are largely symbolic or ceremonial in nature.

As chief executive, the president is constitutionally bound to
enforce laws, treaties, and court orders.* enforce acts of congress

The number of political appointments available to the president
is limited to cabinet and subcabinet jobs, federal judgeships, agency heads, and about two thousand lesser jobs. about 8,000

All of the following are true of the president as chief executive except
appointments and removal, power to grant reprieves and pardons

The granting of release from the punishment for a crime is called
a pardon

With regard to presidential pardons, all of the following are true except that
release from punishment, granted before or after conviction, dept of justice, remedy mistakes in convictions

As commander-in-chief, the president is
the ultimate decision maker in military matters

Which action(s) is (are) part of the president’s role as commander in chief?
to order nuclear force, send armed forces into countries

The requirement that the president report to Congress within forty-eight hours of sending troops into hostilities and then obtain the approval of Congress within sixty days is established by
the War Powers Resolution.

As chief diplomat, the president
recognizes foreign governments, makes treaties and effecting executive agreements.

Before a treaty can become legally binding, the treaty must be
approved by a two-thirds vote in the Senate.

Executive agreements are
international Agreements made by president without senatorial or ratification with the head of a foreign state

If the president uses a veto, he or she
must return the bill to Congress with a veto message

A pocket veto
Happens when Congress adjourns its session within ten days of submitting the bill to the President and the President does not act, the measure dies.

When the president receives a bill,
sign it, veto it, pocket veto, or do nothing

The line-item veto
presidents have wanted this forever, this allows them to veto only a single part or section of a bill but not the whole bill

A veto is
Executive (president) rejection of a bill

Rewarding faithful party workers with government employment is called

Presidential popularity
gives the president extra political resources to use in persuading legislators or buracrats to pass legislation

“Going public” means that presidents
gives the president additional power through the ability to persuade or manipulate the public

All of the following are true of emergency powers except that
perogative powers, powers exersized during a period of national crisis

Executive orders
have the force of law.
formal orders issued by the president to direct action by the federal bureaucracy

An executive order
A presidential order to carry out a policy or policies described in a law passed by Congress.

Executive privilege
*******The power to keep executive communications confidential, especially if they relate to national security.

In United States v. Nixon, the Supreme Court ruled that
*nixon had to hand over the tapes. *executive privilege would not protect Richard Nixon’s attempt to withhold tapes of White House conversations.

According to the Constitution, impeachment
An action by the house of Representatives to accuse the president/vice president or other civil officers of the US for committing treason.*

All of the following are true of the President’s cabinet except that
***the advisory is selected by president to aid in making decisionsinclude the heads of the fifteen executive departments plus other top officials chosen by the president.

The members of the cabinet
selected by the president aid in making decisionsinclude the heads of the fifteen executive departments plus other top officials chosen by the president.

The White House Office, the National Security Council, and the Office of Management and Budget are all part of
the Executive Office of the President.

The office that works most closely with the president is the
The white house office

The Office of Management and Budget
responsible for preparing the budget of the United States and can be used to control and manage the executive agencies for the president**

Presidential candidates have asked individuals to join the ticket as vice presidential candidates for all of the following reasons except
balance the ticket, attract a group of voters, appease party factions, and support the president

According to the Twenty-fifth Amendment, if a president’s ability to discharge his normal functions is in question and he is unable to communicate
president informs congress in writing, including the vice president, can declare the president incapable.

If the office of vice president becomes vacant
the president nominates a replacement who must be approved by both chambers of Congress

The Twenty-fifth Amendment
This Amendment stated that in case of a vacancy in the office of Vice President, the President would nominate someone who would be confirmed by both houses of Congress.

The Constitution gives the vice president
the formal duty to preside over the senate

Which of the following statements about the president’s veto power is most accurate?
may veto, but aprrove the rest, also can pocket veto it. May be overwritten.

lawmaker who attempts to balance the basic elements of the trustee, delegate, and partisan roles

Commerce Clause
The clause of the Constitution (Article I, Section 8, Clause 3) that gives Congress the power to regulate all business activities that cross state lines or affect more than one state or other nations.

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