There are many positive outcomes of technological advances—they make our lives easier and better. However, it is also true that there is also a downside in the way that technology becomes a large part of our loves. One of the technologies which are widely used today is genetic engineering. There is the positive side to this advancement because more people will be able to understand the positive outcome of science and be able to increase our knowledge about nature. It also helps increase medical innovation which can eventually help save and improve more lives.
However, despite these good results that genetic engineering brings for us there is a much larger problem that comes with it. One point that should be taken into consideration is that genetic engineering alters the natural make-up of organisms. That being said, genetically modified organisms (GMOs) can be a threat to other organisms and to human health especially with less awareness about them. Although GMOs are a result of several researches about nature and organisms, we cannot be certain that everything has already been understood about them.
More studies should be done to assess their nature and their possible effects on humans and the environment. First, studies about genetic engineering would most likely involve the manipulation of the genetic make-up of organisms. Because this is a trial and error situation, this will cause harm to the organism. Organisms used for studies are usually eradicated at once. This is one clear violation of animal rights. Also, GMOs widely exist today—from root crops to farm animals—they are everywhere and they are yet to increase in number.
It is greatly possible that these organisms reproduce with other naturally born organisms and thus a “contamination” of the natural environment. Another thing to ponder about is that these GMOs cannot be recalled once they are in the environment already. They may reach an alarming number and may eventually become a threat to humans and other organisms. Genetic pollution in the environment will also increase. Organisms can naturally mutate or evolve but we cannot generally call GMOs as an evolved version of natural organisms.
Because there are many genetically reproduced plants and animals which are bought by the public for food consumption, there is a possible effect on human health as well. There is also an issue because the public is not always informed of the presence of genetically manipulated animals in the market. This is a clear manifestation of commercial interest because genetic engineering is used in order to profit. In relation to this, people may not resist the use of genetic engineering for the sole reason of economic profit and may eventually result to unguarded use of this technology.
This unguarded use may cause people to disregard any possible harmful effects because of their desire to increase sales. It has become a common idea that genetically reproducing root crops and rice is an answer to global starvation problems. In this regard, there is a positive view of genetic engineering as a technology. But this becomes more alarming because, as mentioned earlier, there has been no complete study regarding genetically reproduced plants and animals consumed by humans as food and their effect to human health.
In general, I believe that genetic engineering has more negative results for the environment and for humans. It may help us go forward with scientific and economic advances but it generally makes things more unnatural and man-made. Other than that, it also bears ethical concerns. Bibliography Greenpeace International. Say no to genetic engineering [page on the internet]. Greenpeace International [cited 2009 May 31]. Available from: http://www. greenpeace. org/international/campaigns/genetic-engineering/feeding-the-world-facts-vers