FDR Before & After

One difference between the administrations of President Franklin D. Roosevelt and President Herbert Hoover is that Roosevelt was
(1) unwilling to allow government agencies to establish jobs programs
(2) unable to win congressional support for his economic program
(3) able to ignore economic issues for most of his first term in office
(4) more willing to use government intervention to solve economic problems
(4) more willing to use government intervention to solve economic problems

What was the most likely cause of the election results shown on the map?
(1) Most voters blamed President Herbert Hoover for the Great Depression.
(2) It is difficult to defeat an incumbent president.
(3) Franklin D. Roosevelt had more business experience than Herbert Hoover.
(4) Republican Party popularity had been declining for several elections.
(1) Most voters blamed President Herbert Hoover for the Great Depression.

Which conclusion is best supported by the information on the graph?
(1) The level of automobile production remained constant.
(2) The average American family found the automobile too expensive to purchase.
(3) By 1929, most of the automobiles in the world were produced in the United States.
(4) Changes in economic conditions led to changes in automobile production.
(4) Changes in economic conditions led to changes in automobile production.

FDR and the Supreme Court: (“Packing” the Supreme Court)

Base your answer on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.
How was the situation illustrated in the cartoon resolved?
(1) The United States entered World War II after the attack on Pearl Harbor.
(2) The Supreme Court used its power of judicial review.
(3) Congress rejected the president’s plan to pack the Supreme Court.
(4) The president vetoed Congress’s attempt to reform the judiciary

(3) Congress rejected the president’s plan to pack the Supreme Court.

To try to correct the problem shown in the cartoon, (Showing the Judges like a marching band (FALL IN)
President Franklin D. Roosevelt proposed
(1) increasing the number of justices on the Supreme Court
(2) raising the salaries of federal judges
(3) reducing the Supreme Court’s use of judicial review
(4) exercising his veto power over Supreme Court decisions
(1) increasing the number of justices on the Supreme Court

President Roosevelt’s attempt to correct the problem shown in the cartoon resulted in
(1) the quick end of New Deal reforms
(2) resignations of several federal judges
(3) congressional rejection of the president’s proposal
(4) a decrease in the authority of the Supreme Court
(3) congressional rejection of the president’s proposal

President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s response to Supreme Court decisions that declared several New Deal laws unconstitutional was to
(1) ask Congress to limit the Court’s jurisdiction
(2) propose legislation to increase the size of the Court
(3) demand the resignation of several justices
(4) ignore the Court’s rulings
(2) propose legislation to increase the size of the Court

What is the main idea of this cartoon?
(1) The legislative branch disagreed with the executive branch during the presidency of
Franklin D. Roosevelt.
(2) President Franklin D. Roosevelt wanted the Supreme Court to support his programs.
(3) Justices of the Supreme Court were not asked for their opinion about New Deal
programs.
(4) The three branches of government agreed on the correct response to the Great
Depression.
(2) President Franklin D. Roosevelt wanted the Supreme Court to support his programs.

President Roosevelt responded to the situation illustrated in the cartoon “Give me Six More Justices”
(1) calling for repeal of many New Deal programs
(2) demanding popular election of members of the judicial branch
(3) asking voters to elect more Democrats to Congress
(4) proposing to increase the number of justices on the Supreme Court
(4) proposing to increase the number of justices on the Supreme Court

This cartoon “Give Me Six More Justices”illustrates that President Franklin D. Roosevelt caused a controversy based on
(1) increased military spending in the early 1930s
(2) a plan to assume some of the powers reserved to the states
(3) efforts to counter the Dust Bowl with federal conservation measures
(4) proposals that violated the principle of separation of powers
(4) proposals that violated the principle of separation of powers

Congress refused to enact President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s court-packing plan because the plan
(1) threatened to upset the constitutional system of checks and balances
(2) entrusted too much power to the judicial branch
(3) called for an increase in income taxes
(4) required passage of a constitutional amendment
(1) threatened to upset the constitutional system of checks and balances

President Franklin D. Roosevelt tried to pack the United States Supreme Court, but Congress did not support him. This situation is an example of
(1) Congress undermining the separation of powers
(2) the president using the unwritten constitution
(3) the use of the system of checks and balances
(4) how federalism was preserved by one branch of government
(3) the use of the system of checks and balances

Which action by President Franklin D. Roosevelt challenged the principle of checks and balances?
(1) frequently vetoing New Deal legislation
(2) trying to increase the number of justices on the Supreme Court
(3) taking over the Senate’s treaty ratification power
(4) desegregating defense industries
(2) trying to increase the number of justices on the Supreme Court

A lasting effect of the New Deal has been a belief that government should
(1) own the principal means of producing goods and services
(2) allow natural market forces to determine economic conditions
(3) maintain a balanced federal budget during hard economic times
(4) assume responsibility for the well-being of its citizens
(4) assume responsibility for the well-being of its citizens

Critics charged that New Deal policies favored socialism because the federal government
(1) took ownership of most major industries
(2) favored farmers over workers and business owners
(3) increased its responsibility for the welfare of the economy
(4) declined to prosecute business monopolies
(3) increased its responsibility for the welfare of the economy

The strongest opposition to President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal programs came from
(1) western farmers
(2) business leaders
(3) factory workers
(4) recent immigrants
(2) business leaders

The Supreme Court declared some New Deal laws unconstitutional because these laws
(1) overextended the power of the federal government
(2) forced the federal government into heavy debt
(3) ignored the rights of minority groups and women
(4) failed to solve the problems for which they were intended
(1) overextended the power of the federal government

How did the power of government change during the Civil War and the Great Depression?
(1) Presidential powers were expanded.
(2) Congress exerted greater leadership.
(3) The Supreme Court expanded civil liberties.
(4) Power shifted from the federal government
(1) Presidential powers were expanded.

Critics of the New Deal claimed that the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) and the Social Security System threatened the United States economy by
(1) applying socialist principles
(2) imposing unfair working hours
(3) decreasing government spending
(4) eroding antitrust laws
(1) applying socialist principles

The New Deal changed political thinking in the United States because it supported the idea that the
(1) rights of workers are less important than the interests of business
(2) Supreme Court should have an important role to play in the economy
(3) government should become more involved in the social and economic life of the
people
(4) president’s foreign policy is more important than his domestic policy
(3) government should become more involved in the social and economic life of the
people

Which statement identifies a change in American society during World War II?
(1) Economic opportunities for women increased.
(2) Government regulation of the economy decreased.
(3) The Great Depression worsened.
(4) Racial tensions were eliminated.
(1) Economic opportunities for women increased.

Which event is most closely associated with the end of the Great Depression?
(1) passage of the Social Security Act
(2) beginning of World War II
(3) reelection of President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1940
(4) announcement of the Marshall Plan
2) beginning of World War II

During President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s administration, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) were created as a way to
(1) provide jobs to those who were unemployed
(2) raise revenue for relief and recovery programs
(3) limit risks associated with savings and investments
(4) implement the new income tax amendment
(3) limit risks associated with savings and investments

Which statement about Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal program is most accurate?
(1) Protective tariff rates increased.
(2) Social welfare programs were expanded.
(3) Government regulation of business was reduced.
(4) Government support of environmental conservation ended.
2) Social welfare programs were expanded.

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and the Securities and Exchange
Commission (SEC), established during the New Deal, were important because they
(1) increased the supply of money in the economy
(2) guaranteed loans to failing businesses and banks
(3) attempted to restore public confidence in financial institutions
(4) provided grants to unemployed workers
(1) increased the supply of money in the economy

The creation of the Tennessee Valley Authority is an example of
(1) federal intervention to meet regional needs
(2) state-funded regional transportation
(3) free-market capitalism
(4) laissez-faire economics
(1) federal intervention to meet regional needs

In the 1930s, President Franklin D. Roosevelt changed the federal government’s role in the economy by
(1) reducing programs to help the unemployed
(2) ending efforts at trustbusting
(3) raising tariffs to protect domestic industries
(4) using deficit spending to stimulate economic growth
(3) raising tariffs to protect domestic industries

The major purpose of President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s bank holiday of 1933 was to
(1) restore public confidence in the nation’s banks
(2) reinforce strict laws to punish banks charging high interest rates
(3) reduce the number of banks to a manageable number
(4) encourage the nation’s banks to loan more money to failing businesses
(3) reduce the number of banks to a manageable number

“Come all of you good workers,
Good news to you I’ll tell
Of how the good old union
Has come in here to dwell . . .
Don’t scab for the bosses,
Don’t listen to their lies.
Us poor folks haven’t got a chance
Unless we organize.”
— Florence Reece,
“Which Side Are You On?”

This song from the 1930s expresses
(1) criticism of labor unions
(2) support for the rights of workers
(3) sympathy for Communist Party protests
(4) anger against government welfare programs

(2) support for the rights of workers

The National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act) of 1935 gave labor unions the right to

(1) represent workers in collective bargaining
(2) insist on an open shop in the workplace
(3) establish quotas on immigration
(4) use blacklists and yellow dog contracts

(1) represent workers in collective bargaining

The National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act) of 1935 strengthened labor unions because it legalized
(1) collective bargaining
(2) blacklisting
(3) the open shop
(4) the sit-down strike
(1) collective bargaining

New Deal programs such as the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) and the Works Progress Administration (WPA) were primarily intended to help
(1) farmers
(2) homeowners
(3) businesses
(4) unemployed workers
(4) unemployed workers

The New Deal tried to solve many problems of the Great Depression by
(1) providing federal aid to many sectors of the economy
(2) reducing taxes on big business to stimulate job creation
(3) lowering federal spending to maintain a balanced budget
(4) decreasing foreign competition by raising tariffs
(4) how federalism was preserved by one branch of government
(1) providing federal aid to many sectors of the economy

Which statement best illustrates a basic idea of President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal?
(1) Communism provides the only real solution to economic problems.
(2) Unemployed workers should rely on the states rather than on the federal government
for help.
(3) The United States reached its economic peak in the 1920s and is now a declining
industrial power.
(4) The economy sometimes needs public money to encourage business activity.
(4) The economy sometimes needs public money to encourage business activity.

Much of the domestic legislation of the New Deal period was based on the idea that the federal government should
(1) favor big business over labor and farming
(2) assume some responsibility for the welfare of people
(3) own and operate the major industries of the country
(4) require local communities to be responsible for social welfare programs
(2) assume some responsibility for the welfare of people

The cartoonist is commenting on (Galloping Snail Picture) (FDR riding on a snail )President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s efforts to

(1) veto several bills sent him by Congress
(2) end New Deal programs
(3) gain quick passage of his legislation
(4) slow down the legislative process

(3) gain quick passage of his legislation

The New Deal programs of President Franklin D. Roosevelt changed the United States economy by
(1) restoring the principle of a balanced budget
(2) expanding the trustbusting practices of Progressive Era presidents
(3) encouraging greater production of agricultural goods
(4) increasing government involvement with both business and labor
(4) increasing government involvement with both business and labor

Which of the following New Deal acts or agencies was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in Schechter Poultry Corp v. US
a. AAA
b.NRA
c. TVA
D. WPA
b. NRA

An argument advanced against the TVA by private power companies was that
a. its lower rates would be subsided by the taxpayers
b. it would fail to provide cheap electric power for people of the Tennessee Valley
c. its activities would extend over too large an area.
d. It would eliminate jobs for residents of the area
a. its lower rates would be subsided by the taxpayers

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