(1) unwilling to allow government agencies to establish jobs programs
(2) unable to win congressional support for his economic program
(3) able to ignore economic issues for most of his first term in office
(4) more willing to use government intervention to solve economic problems
(1) Most voters blamed President Herbert Hoover for the Great Depression.
(2) It is difficult to defeat an incumbent president.
(3) Franklin D. Roosevelt had more business experience than Herbert Hoover.
(4) Republican Party popularity had been declining for several elections.
(1) The level of automobile production remained constant.
(2) The average American family found the automobile too expensive to purchase.
(3) By 1929, most of the automobiles in the world were produced in the United States.
(4) Changes in economic conditions led to changes in automobile production.
Base your answer on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.
How was the situation illustrated in the cartoon resolved?
(1) The United States entered World War II after the attack on Pearl Harbor.
(2) The Supreme Court used its power of judicial review.
(3) Congress rejected the president’s plan to pack the Supreme Court.
(4) The president vetoed Congress’s attempt to reform the judiciary
President Franklin D. Roosevelt proposed
(1) increasing the number of justices on the Supreme Court
(2) raising the salaries of federal judges
(3) reducing the Supreme Court’s use of judicial review
(4) exercising his veto power over Supreme Court decisions
(1) the quick end of New Deal reforms
(2) resignations of several federal judges
(3) congressional rejection of the president’s proposal
(4) a decrease in the authority of the Supreme Court
(1) ask Congress to limit the Court’s jurisdiction
(2) propose legislation to increase the size of the Court
(3) demand the resignation of several justices
(4) ignore the Court’s rulings
(1) The legislative branch disagreed with the executive branch during the presidency of
Franklin D. Roosevelt.
(2) President Franklin D. Roosevelt wanted the Supreme Court to support his programs.
(3) Justices of the Supreme Court were not asked for their opinion about New Deal
(4) The three branches of government agreed on the correct response to the Great
(1) calling for repeal of many New Deal programs
(2) demanding popular election of members of the judicial branch
(3) asking voters to elect more Democrats to Congress
(4) proposing to increase the number of justices on the Supreme Court
(1) increased military spending in the early 1930s
(2) a plan to assume some of the powers reserved to the states
(3) efforts to counter the Dust Bowl with federal conservation measures
(4) proposals that violated the principle of separation of powers
(1) threatened to upset the constitutional system of checks and balances
(2) entrusted too much power to the judicial branch
(3) called for an increase in income taxes
(4) required passage of a constitutional amendment
(1) Congress undermining the separation of powers
(2) the president using the unwritten constitution
(3) the use of the system of checks and balances
(4) how federalism was preserved by one branch of government
(1) frequently vetoing New Deal legislation
(2) trying to increase the number of justices on the Supreme Court
(3) taking over the Senate’s treaty ratification power
(4) desegregating defense industries
(1) own the principal means of producing goods and services
(2) allow natural market forces to determine economic conditions
(3) maintain a balanced federal budget during hard economic times
(4) assume responsibility for the well-being of its citizens
(1) took ownership of most major industries
(2) favored farmers over workers and business owners
(3) increased its responsibility for the welfare of the economy
(4) declined to prosecute business monopolies
(1) western farmers
(2) business leaders
(3) factory workers
(4) recent immigrants
(1) overextended the power of the federal government
(2) forced the federal government into heavy debt
(3) ignored the rights of minority groups and women
(4) failed to solve the problems for which they were intended
(1) Presidential powers were expanded.
(2) Congress exerted greater leadership.
(3) The Supreme Court expanded civil liberties.
(4) Power shifted from the federal government
(1) applying socialist principles
(2) imposing unfair working hours
(3) decreasing government spending
(4) eroding antitrust laws
(1) rights of workers are less important than the interests of business
(2) Supreme Court should have an important role to play in the economy
(3) government should become more involved in the social and economic life of the
(4) president’s foreign policy is more important than his domestic policy
(1) Economic opportunities for women increased.
(2) Government regulation of the economy decreased.
(3) The Great Depression worsened.
(4) Racial tensions were eliminated.
(1) passage of the Social Security Act
(2) beginning of World War II
(3) reelection of President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1940
(4) announcement of the Marshall Plan
(1) provide jobs to those who were unemployed
(2) raise revenue for relief and recovery programs
(3) limit risks associated with savings and investments
(4) implement the new income tax amendment
(1) Protective tariff rates increased.
(2) Social welfare programs were expanded.
(3) Government regulation of business was reduced.
(4) Government support of environmental conservation ended.
Commission (SEC), established during the New Deal, were important because they
(1) increased the supply of money in the economy
(2) guaranteed loans to failing businesses and banks
(3) attempted to restore public confidence in financial institutions
(4) provided grants to unemployed workers
(1) federal intervention to meet regional needs
(2) state-funded regional transportation
(3) free-market capitalism
(4) laissez-faire economics
(1) reducing programs to help the unemployed
(2) ending efforts at trustbusting
(3) raising tariffs to protect domestic industries
(4) using deficit spending to stimulate economic growth
(1) restore public confidence in the nation’s banks
(2) reinforce strict laws to punish banks charging high interest rates
(3) reduce the number of banks to a manageable number
(4) encourage the nation’s banks to loan more money to failing businesses
Good news to you I’ll tell
Of how the good old union
Has come in here to dwell . . .
Don’t scab for the bosses,
Don’t listen to their lies.
Us poor folks haven’t got a chance
Unless we organize.”
— Florence Reece,
“Which Side Are You On?”
This song from the 1930s expresses
(1) criticism of labor unions
(2) support for the rights of workers
(3) sympathy for Communist Party protests
(4) anger against government welfare programs
(1) represent workers in collective bargaining
(2) insist on an open shop in the workplace
(3) establish quotas on immigration
(4) use blacklists and yellow dog contracts
(1) collective bargaining
(3) the open shop
(4) the sit-down strike
(4) unemployed workers
(1) providing federal aid to many sectors of the economy
(2) reducing taxes on big business to stimulate job creation
(3) lowering federal spending to maintain a balanced budget
(4) decreasing foreign competition by raising tariffs
(4) how federalism was preserved by one branch of government
(1) Communism provides the only real solution to economic problems.
(2) Unemployed workers should rely on the states rather than on the federal government
(3) The United States reached its economic peak in the 1920s and is now a declining
(4) The economy sometimes needs public money to encourage business activity.
(1) favor big business over labor and farming
(2) assume some responsibility for the welfare of people
(3) own and operate the major industries of the country
(4) require local communities to be responsible for social welfare programs
(1) veto several bills sent him by Congress
(2) end New Deal programs
(3) gain quick passage of his legislation
(4) slow down the legislative process
(1) restoring the principle of a balanced budget
(2) expanding the trustbusting practices of Progressive Era presidents
(3) encouraging greater production of agricultural goods
(4) increasing government involvement with both business and labor
a. its lower rates would be subsided by the taxpayers
b. it would fail to provide cheap electric power for people of the Tennessee Valley
c. its activities would extend over too large an area.
d. It would eliminate jobs for residents of the area