Famous People of the Great Depression and WWII

Marian Anderson
Became a symbol representing African Americans by singing at the Lincoln Memorial in 1939

John Collier
founded the ambitious program later known as the Indian New Deal

John Steinbeck
Author of “The Grapes of Wrath”

Franklin Delano Roosevelt
used fireside chats to encourage Americans to keep their money in banks

Huey Long
Share Our Wealth plan; argued that that the depression could be ended immediately by the government

Eleanor Roosevelt
wife of FDR; served as his “eyes and ears” across the nation

John L. Lewis
leader of the United Mine Workers and formed the Congress of Industrial Organizations

Frances Perkins
FDR’s Secretary of Labor; chaired the committee that drafted the Social Security Act

Mary McLeod Bethune
member of FDR’s “Black Cabinet” a group of appointees who advised FDR on African American issues

Francis Townsend
devised plan that gave Americans over 60 200$ a month as long as they promised to spend it all

Charles Coughlin
Catholic priest who called on the government to take over the banks

Benito Mussolini
turned Italy into a Fascist state after becoming prime minister

Winston Churchill
British prime minister during WWII

A. Philip Randolph
Union leader of Sleeping Car Porters, threatened mass strikes unless FDR ended discrimination in the military

Harry Truman
Succeeded FDR as president after his death; used atomic bombs against Japan

Dwight D. Eisenhower
Led the first American troops in North Africa

Erwin Rommel
“The Desert Fox”; German general; won many victories in North Africa

Douglas MacArthur
Commander of the Filipino-American Force; promised to return from Australia to the Bataan peninsula

Adolf Hitler
leader of the Nazi party in Germany during WWII

Joseph Stalin
dictator of the Soviet Union during WWII; famous for his brutal methods to modernize industry and agriculture

Bonus Army- WWI veterans who marched to Washington DC to demand early payment of a promised bonus; police and army troops force them out at gunpoint. President Hoover’s response to the Depression- Opposed direct federal government relief to poor and …

How did the liberalism of FDR’s New Deal on earlier progressive ideas and transformed the United States into a limited Welfare State. It completely redefined the relationship between government and economy forever, government boards regulated business, wages, and hours ; …

Agricultural adjustment act: paid farmers subsidies not to plant part of their land, purpose: reduce crop surplus to raise the value of crops, created Agricultural Adjustment Administration, only pertained to 7 crops AAA (recovery) Civilian Conservation Corps: roosevelt gathered nations …

Dust Bowl southwestern great plains region, caused by misuse of land drought and overproduction Bonus Army Group of WWI vets. that marched to D.C. in 1932 to demand the immediate payment of their goverment war bonuses in cash WE WILL …

Nye Committee investigated arms manufacturers and bankers of World War I, claimed they caused entry into the war for financial reasons, public opinion pushed congress to pass the Neutrality Acts Stimson Doctrine declared in a note to Japan and China …

What industrial weakness signaled a declining economy in the 1920s? Key basic industries: railroads, textiles, and steel barely made a profit. Railroads lost business due to new transportation – trucks, buses, automobiles Credit An arrangement in which consumers agreed to …

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