Exam 2 quiz’s

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All of the following inclined the U.S. toward entering on the side of the Allies in WWI EXCEPT
That although a pacifist at heart, Wilson campaigned for re-election in 1916 on a hawkish platform—and won decisively

All were true of the war’s impact on the federal government EXCEPT
entralized management along the lines of TR’s New Nationalism accelerated the creation of the modern bureaucratic state
The national debt multiplied tenfold
Government-sponsored propaganda promoted psychological and social conformity
Correct Response The Supreme Court struck down acts of Congress that curtailed American civil liberties

Among the “home front” impacts of the First World War were all EXCEPT
A draft to provide military manpower
A government-business partnership to manage the war economy
Correct Response A spirit of unity that reduced racial and ethnic tensions
A government information agency designed to stir up patriotic support for the war

Among the key provisions of Wilson’s “Fourteen Points” were all the following EXCEPT
Freedom of the seas
An organization to guarantee collective security
Correct Response Phased rearmament
Democratic self-rule

As the war lingered and the presidential election of 1916 loomed, Wilson endorsed ____________, yet then ran a campaign stressing ____________.
Enhanced military preparedness; that he kept the U.S. out of war

During the Wilson administration, a revolutionary situation led to U.S. invasions of what country?

Roosevelt’s objectives in his Asian policy—which explain his actions in response to the Russo-Japanese War—included all EXCEPT
Holding the U.S. Navy in waters close to the U.S. for coastal defense
Keeping the commercial door open in China
Protecting U.S. Pacific holdings, especially the Philippines
Maintaining the balance of power in the Pacific

Taft’s “Dollar Diplomacy” was intended to accomplish all of the following EXCEPT
Encourage private corporations to invest abroad
Promote economic stability
Tie debt-ridden nations to the U.S. instead of Europe
Correct Response Promote American corporate interests overseas through regular use of armed force

The “Palmer Raids” refers to
A series of illegal arrests of alleged radical subversives under the direction of the U.S. Attorney General

The end of the war, the success of Bolshevism in Russia and the sense of cultural crisis led to all EXCEPT
Fear of labor militancy at home
Fear of organized conspiracies to overthrow the government
Correct Answer Fear of foreign terrorist or military attack
Anarchist bombings

The inflammatory Zimmerman Telegram proposed that in the event of war between the U.S. and Germany,
Mexico would attack the U.S

The Treaty of Versailles never received Senate ratification because
Wilson would not compromise and appeal to the “mild reservationist” Republicans

Under the “Roosevelt Corollary,” the U.S.
Justified intervention in the internal affairs of Caribbean countries

What was the main impression brought back by the doughboys?
The U.S. was the more vital and modern civilization

Wilson built upon the diplomacy of Roosevelt and Taft by adding his own distinctive
Conviction that justice, democracy and the values of harmony and cooperation should guide foreign policy

At a conference held in Washington in 1921, the Five-Power Agreement involved
Steps toward naval disarmament

Each was a Republican President during the 1920s EXCEPT
Warren G. Harding
Calvin Coolidge
Correct Response Charles Evans Hughes
Herbert Hoover

Which of the following does NOT describe a consequence of Prohibition?
Opponents of Prohibition objected to the reform’s pro-urban and pro-immigrant bias

enry Ford’s great contribution to modern industrial culture was
His commitment to standardization and assembly-line mass production

In the 1920s the Ku Klux Klan
Gained strong support in some areas of the North as well as in the South

In the 1920s, Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover believed in
Viewing business and government as partners rather than as adversaries

In the early part of the twentieth century, immigration from Mexico jumped for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
Recruiting by the AFL in a campaign to increase its membership
Recruiting by American farmers in need of farm workers
Fleeing poverty
Fleeing the dislocations of revolution

The automobile was to the 1920s what the railroad had been to the nineteenth century in that
It was both a powerful catalyst to economic growth and a symbol for the age

he most celebrated public event of the fundamentalist-modernist conflict was _________, which resulted in ____________.
The Scopes trial; the discrediting of fundamentalism

The National Origins Act fixed immigration patterns for four decades; it
Put strict quotas on the number of immigrants to be allowed into the U.S. every year

The outpouring of literature and art by the “New Negro” of the 1920s became known as the
Harlem Renaissance

Which of the following was NOT a cause of the Great Depression?
Too much purchasing power in the hands of workers

To encourage consumption, demand for goods was stimulated by all of the following EXCEPT
The creation of consumer credit
A new abundance and variety of goods available
Correct Response Increased business competition

What might be called a “Second or Post-Industrial Revolution,” the “Roaring Economy” of the 1920s involved all EXCEPT
A productivity revolution based on technology
A consumer-goods revolution
A revolution in thinking, in which advertising persuaded consumers to buy now rather than save
Correct Response A revolution in labor relations, marked by new growth in the size and influence of labor unions

Which of the following most influenced the sense of meaninglessness and alienation that was characteristic of writers and intellectuals in the 1920s?
The experience of World War I

As Herbert Hoover entered the presidency in 1929, all of the following were true of him EXCEPT
He was a self-made millionaire
Correct Response He was a self-preoccupied investment banker
He had headed a successful mine engineering firm
He enjoyed a reputation as a humanitarian

At first, President Hoover tried to stimulate the economy
Indirectly, by encouraging cooperative private initiative

During her years as First Lady, Eleanor Roosevelt
Was a passionate spokeswoman for the underdog and the disadvantaged

Franklin Roosevelt’s new Democratic coalition:
United Democrats in the South with citizens in industrial cities

Herbert Hoover’s response to the Great Depression can best be summarized as
Initially, a voluntarist approach to both recovery and relief, but then an unprecendented series of active government measures

In the “second New Deal,” Roosevelt did all of the following EXCEPT
Move leftward politically
Stress more sweeping reforms to initiate the welfare state
Embrace the concept of work relief
Correct Response Establish full economic recovery

One of the most important achievements of the New Deal in the area of banking was included in a 1933 act. This key reform was
The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation so that the government would guarantee bank deposits

The “Bonus Army” was
A group of veterans who came to Washington to get bonuses promised them for service in World War I

Which of the following was NOT an outcome of the ecological and economic devastation in the “Dust Bowl”?
Three and a half million people living in the Great Plains abandoned their farms

In a single day in 1934, 12 million tons of western dirt fell on Chicago

Only one in two or three migrants found work

Correct Response
The typical Dust Bowl migrant was Mexican or African American

The National Recovery Administration and the Agricultural Adjustment Administration shared what strategy to stimulate the economy
A voluntary, private sector-government partnership to limit production and raise prices

The story of the Scottsboro boys illustrates the point that the Depression
Inflamed racial prejudice

What best describes the character of post office murals painted during the Depression?
They showed common folk from the region doing common, traditional tasks

What New Deal agency put city youth to work planting trees, building parks and fighting soil erosion?
Civilian Conservation Corps

Which of the following did the Supreme Court declare wholly or partly unconstitutional?
National Recovery Act and Agricultural Adjustment Act

Which one of the following men did NOT challenge New Deal policies?
Charles Coughlin
Correct Response Harry Hopkins
Dr. Francis Townsend
Huey Long

Choose the correct sequence of campaigning on the Western front in the European theater of operations: I. Cross-channel invasion; II. Invasion of Italy; III. North Africa campaign; IV. Invasion of Sicily.

Collectively the Allies, despite early defeats, enjoyed significant strengths that would bring victory in the long haul, including all EXCEPT
A professed public commitment to Wilsonian ideals that managed to sustain morale
Able political leadership that managed to maintain a unified purpose
Soviet manpower
American industrial production

Concerning the aftermath of the Pearl Harbor attack, which of the following statements is NOT true?
Because of American outrage over Pearl Harbor, both Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill agreed that the Pacific war against Japan would be their priority military objective
Ironically, American unity forged by the disastrous loss at Pearl Harbor made the Allied defeat of Germany possible
Misreadings of each other’s cultural character and likely behavior explain both Japan’s successful surprise attack and America’s decisive response
Pearl Harbor was just the first in a series of Japanese victories that by summer 1942 led to Japanese control over most of the Western Pacific, as well as the eastern edge of the Asian mainland

June 6, 1944, was the date of
Operation Overlord, the Allied attack across the English Channel

Most Americans viewed war work for women as
A temporary response to the war emergency

The impact of World War II on American society included all of the following EXCEPT
It brought recovery from the stagnation and unemployment of the Great Depression
Military life served as a melting pot as well as taking Americans far from home
Correct Response Women and minorities felt resentment at being barred from military service
Women found new economic opportunities despite little change in gender attitudes

The Neutrality Legislation of the 1930s was based on the assumption that the United States could keep out of war by
Banning arms sales to countries at war

The text makes the point that minorities in the United States
Enlisted to become a part of the American mainstream

The text portrays the key agreements at the Roosevelt-Churchill-Stalin Yalta Conference of 1945 as
A series of compromises and U.S. concessions, relying on Soviet cooperation for fulfillment

To assist Great Britain after the fall of France in 1940, President Roosevelt
Devised ways to provide aid without going to wa

What happened to the New Deal during the war?
An anti-New Deal coalition moved to end many New Deal programs and the president adapted to the new political environment

What was NOT a principle or strategy that unified the diverse group known as isolationists?
Support for the Lend-Lease Act

Which of the following statements about American economic activity during World War II is NOT true?
Workers and farmers enjoyed sharply increased earnings, which instead of saving, they spent on new model cars and other available consumer goods
The huge increase in federal spending was paid for by both borrowing (war bonds) and higher taxes
New federal agencies were created to manage war production
Women, along with lower-income wage earners, made significant economic gains

Which statement regarding the “miracle” of war production is most accurate?
U.S. achievements in war production proved as important to the Allied victory as success on the battlefield

Winston Churchill’s vision for the postwar world
Stressed the balance of power to check the Soviets and resisted ending colonial empires

America’s basic cold war strategy emerged when the Truman administration adopted the recommendations of U.S. diplomat and Soviet specialist George Kennan. It is known as
The containment doctrine

Among the “Shocks of 1949” was
The fall of China to Mao Zedong’s communists

General MacArthur was relieved of his command in Korea because he
Publicly opposed Truman’s policy of limited war in Korea

In addition to communist takeovers in Hungary and Czechoslovakia, what else did the Soviets do to try to cement their hold on Eastern Europe?
Blocked Western access to Berlin

McCarthyism primarily and fundamentally reflected
The fears and hatreds of many Americans, who were suspicious of things foreign, liberal, internationalist, European or too intellectual

NSC-68, a proposal of Truman’s National Security Council, called for
Massive U.S. defense expenditures to counter the worldwide Soviet threat

In the 1952 presidential campaign, candidate Dwight Eisenhower presented himself as a:
moderate Republican

The Taft-Hartley Act of 1947
Restricted the power of labor unions

Truman’s postwar New Deal and Fair Deal efforts were largely frustrated by conservative opposition. But one accomplishment was
The GI Bill

What did the Secretary of State offer in his Marshall Plan?
To provide financial aid to rebuild Europe’s war-torn economies

What was the “Munich analogy”?
You dare not appease aggressors

What was the official status of the American force fighting in Korea?
An authorized agent of a United Nations police action

Who was the first black player to integrate the major leagues?
Jackie Robinson

The GI Bill of Rights provided veterans with:
low-interest loans to buy houses and college tuition

During the Red Scare, which book did a library in Indiana ban because the idea of stealing from the rich and giving to the poor was too radical?
Robin Hood

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