Evaluation of Possible Reasons for the Disproportionate Impact of AIDS

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It is an accepted fact that there exists a disproportionate impact of AIDS in Africa compared with other continents. In 2005, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention of the U. S. revealed that African Americans make up approximately 10% of the U. S. population, yet, the blacks accounted for 18,121 or 49% of the 37,331 new HIV/AIDS infection among the 33 states. It is a very glaring fact that the disproportionate impact of AIDS is not only confined in the African continent but also among the African Americans in the U. S. The debate is centered now on the reasons for the still disproportionate impact of

AIDS not only in Africa but also among African Americans in U. S. Gould (2009) who revealed that contrary to popular belief, HIV/AIDS is not a disease associated directly with lack of development and poverty. The author revealed that in Africa, the disease affect the wealthy, the educated and the well traveled at a rate much higher in richer African countries than in the poorest. This provide evidence that the disease cannot be controlled or eradicated by economic development and rising income or better health services as was traditionally conceived. Ross et al.

, (2006) revealed that majority of the African American believe in the conspiracy theory. That the disease was made by the U. S. purposely to eliminate the blacks as a race and that the medicine to prevent and treat the disease was discovered already but being withheld by the U. S. and making it available only to whites. Believing in the conspiracy theory result to distrust with the U. S. , ignoring the messages for prevention, treatment and use of condom by the majority in the African continent and the African Americans in the U. S. This resulted to disproportionate impact of

the disease among blacks. Weiss et al. , (2008), revealed that circumcision of the male can result to 60% reduction in overall AIDS spread in the population. This is more effective and economical than the antiretroviral drug being used now for treatment and prevention. Based from the information forwarded, HIV/AIDS can be effectively controlled and prevented by addressing the conspiracy theory and implementing male circumcision in combination with comprehensive HIV prevention programmes and antiretroviral agents. 2 Annotated Bibliography CDC HIV/AIDS Fact Sheet (2007).

HIV/AIDS Among African Americans. Retrieved May 31, 2009 from http://www. cdc. gov/hiv/topics/aa/resources/factsheets/pdf/aa. pdf The fact sheet authored by CDC provided an authoritative data on the latest statistics related to HIV/AIDS in Africa and US mainland. The impeccable pie charts allowed the reader and researchers to readily grasp their importance and so with this paper. Gould, B (2009). Exploring the Anomalous Positive Relationship between AIDS and Poverty in Africa. Geography Compass 3. Retrieved May 31, 2009 from http://www3. interscience. wiley.

com/journal/122399275/abstract? CRETRY=1&SRETRY=0 The author provided a direct to the point analysis of socio-geographical history of AIDS and fearlessly concludes that the disease is not poverty nor economic development related. The finding will lead researchers and policy makers to analyze closely the possible causes so that proper intervention or realignment of strategies in relation to financial support can be done. Ross, M. W. , Essien, E. J. and Torres, I (2006). Conspiracy Beliefs About the Origin of HIV/AIDS in Four Racial/Ethnic Groups.

Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 41. 3, 342-344. The author provided the answer to the bogging question of AIDS disproportionate impact among blacks compared to other races. Conspiracy theory was well presented together with percentage population supporters and connect it to the promiscuous sexual behaviour. Weiss, H. A. , Halperin, D. B. , Bailey, R. C. , Hayes, R. J. , Schmid, G. D. , and Hankins, C. A. (2008). Male circumcision for HIV prevention: from evidence to action? AIDS. 22, 567-574. The authors provided a practical and economical solution to ever increasing AIDS infection

and that is male circumcision. The information created the courage to say that AIDS spread can be greatly minimized, more so with preventive messages and antiretroviral agents. Cohen, M. S. , Hellman, N. , Levy, J. A. , DeCock, K. , Lange, J. (2008). The spread, treatment, and prevention of HIV-1: evolution of a global pandemic. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 118. 4, 1244-1254. Cohen et al. provided the scientific explanations on epidemiology of the disease and connect the information to current interventions being done.

The mention of no effective vaccine is yet in the horizon made the readers to switch back to prevention importance like the use of condom and circumcision. 3 References CDC HIV/AIDS Fact Sheet (2007). HIV/AIDS Among African Americans. Retrieved May 31, 2009 from http://www. cdc. gov/hiv/topics/aa/resources/factsheets/pdf/aa. pdf Cohen, M. S. , Hellman, N. , Levy, J. A. , DeCock, K. , Lange, J. (2008). The spread, treatment, and prevention of HIV-1: evolution of a global pandemic. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 118. 4, 1244-1254. Gould, B (2009). Exploring the Anomalous Positive Relationship between AIDS and

Poverty in Africa. Geography Compass 3. Retrieved May 31, 2009 from http://www3. interscience. wiley. com/journal/122399275/abstract? CRETRY=1&SRETRY=0 Ross, M. W. , Essien, E. J. and Torres, I (2006). Conspiracy Beliefs About the Origin of HIV/AIDS in Four Racial/Ethnic Groups. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 41. 3, 342-344. Weiss, H. A. , Halperin, D. B. , Bailey, R. C. , Hayes, R. J. , Schmid, G. D. , and Hankins, C. A. (2008). Male circumcision for HIV prevention: from evidence to action? AIDS. 22, 567-574.

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infects cells of the immune system. Infection results in the progressive deterioration of the immune …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infects cells of the immune system. Infection results in the progressive deterioration of the immune …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy HIV and AIDS are one of the most formidable challenges to human life and dignity, undermining social and economic …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy AIDS and its impact on development in Africa Athabasca University Name Date ? Content Description The condition of AIDS …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is defined as a retrovirus that makes our immune system fail. HIV occurs by the …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy The article that I have chosen is: – “WHO advocates circumcision to curb new HIV cases – The practice …

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