Evaluation of a Pilot School Programme Aimed at the Prevention of Obesity in Children

This research programme was designed to evaluate and hence critically appraise the effectiveness of pilot programmes in schools to prevent the obesity in children. Researchers recruited a total of 218 students age 5-7 from three primary schools in Oxford. They were randomly allocated to a control group or one of three interventions groups namely, (i) nutrition group, (ii) physical activity group, and (iii) combined nutrition and physical activity group.

The methods employed by these researchers are interesting as they divide the children into different groups and measure the individual data against the group data. 4. 5. 1: Cluster One – Nutrition Group (‘Eat Smart’) Children’s concepts of health were explored through their drawings in the first term. Researchers then promoted fruit and vegetables using tasting sessions and games based on the ‘Give me 5’ [British Dietetic Association (BDA), 2000] message in the second term.

Specific positive messages about ‘power’ foods (high starch foods) were given out, concentrating on breakfast and snacking; quizzes, flash cards and craftwork were used as teaching aids in the third term. In the last and the fourth term, tooth friendly foods were explored, which consolidated the previous term’s work. 4. 5. 2: Cluster Two – Physical Activity Group (‘Play Smart’) In this part the researchers designed the physical activity programme so as to promote the activity in daily life rather than the promotion of specific leisure pursuits, which would not be accessible to everyone.

Insects were used as a theme to explore the concepts of energy and activity. In the second and third terms the promotion of activity in the playground and a reduction in television viewing were specifically addressed. Here the researchers used team games, fun physical activities and quizzes. They translated the The US Recommendations for Physical Activity in children into an ‘activity pyramid’ (Frary and Johnson, 2000, Nutrition Bulletin, 25, 329–334), which formed the basis of the fourth term’s lessons.

Obesity is a condition of excess body fat associated with large number of life threatening disorders. Initially, people believed that obesity affected adults but in the modern world children are at higher risk especially in elementary school. The increased level …

The agenda of this study was to ascertain the attitude of the parents and health professionals regarding the prevention of the prevalence of the childhood obesity. Comparing the prevalent data with the national figures was also one of the main …

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In this cluster researchers gave children half of the nutrition and half of the physical activity programme each term. An activity book, designed for use at home, accompanied each term’s lessons. Every week in the activity book a related and …

Obesity and associated health problems are a growing problem in the United States. Within the past 20 years, obesity rates have risen significantly. “Unhealthy diet and physical inactivity can contribute to or aggravate many chronic diseases and conditions, including type …

These days even on a sunny afternoon, a perfect day to spend outdoors, chances are you will not see many children playing outside. Mostly you’ll see these children in front of the television or the computer, playing video games or …

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