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World War I dead numbered approximately
ten million.

French policy toward a defeated Germany following World War I was guided by all of the following except
a policy of passive resistance under Raymond Poincaré.

Efforts to maintain European peace following World War I included
an inherently weak system of alliances between France and the Little Entente.

Following Germany’s failure to pay its war reparations, France occupied Germany’s Ruhr valley, resulting in
a policy of passive resistance by the German government and German resort to printing money to pay war debts.

The period of 1924-1929 in Europe witnessed
a growing feeling of optimism for a peaceful future

The Treaty of Locarno
facilitated France’s withdrawal from the Rhur

A major cause of the Great Depression in Europe was
the recall of American loans from European markets.

One significant effect of the Great Depression in Europe was
the rise of authoritarian movements in many areas of Europe

Even during the 1920s, unemployment in Britain never was below
10 percent

The first Popular Front government in France
gave ordinary workers new rights and benefits including a minimum wage.

The nation that achieved the greatest rise in real wages between 1900 and 1939 in any European country was
Sweden

Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal policies in the United States
brought about a partial economic recovery, but full employment did not return until World War II’s rearmament in the economy.

All of the following are correct about the European nations and their colonial empires during the interwar years except
the political and social foundations and the self-confidence of European imperialism was strengthened during the 1920s and 1930s.

The Middle Eastern Muslim nation that made a conscious effort to adopt a Westernized secular culture after World War I was
Turkey.

Other than Great Britain, in 1939 the only other major democratic state in Europe was
France.

Most post-World War I European societies were divided on
class lines.

All of the following are correct about women in Europe after World War I except
because of a high birth rate, governments encourages abortions and birth control devices.

The totalitarian regimes of Germany, Italy, and the Soviet Union
hoped to control every aspect of their citizens’ lives.

The first Fascist state in Europe was
Italy.

The growth of Mussolini’s Fascist movement was aided by
popular, nationalistic resentment toward Italy’s treatment following World War I

Squadristi were
armed bands of fascists who used violence to intimidate enemies.

The institutional framework of Mussolini’s Fascist dictatorship
never created the degree of totalitarian control found in Russia and Germany in the 1930s.

Women in Mussolini’s Fascist Italy were
largely forced through government legislation to become homemakers.

The Lateran Accords of 1929
recognized Catholicism as the sole religion of Italy.

During the 1920s, Germany’s Weimar Republic experienced all of the following except
never joined the League of Nations.

The city in which Hitler spent his formative years and developed his fundamental ideas was
Vienna.

Mein Kampf
was autobiographical, setting forth Hitler’s ideology of Aryan supremacy and
anti-Semitism.

The Nazis proved to be effective in the realm of politics by
making the Nazi program appeal to every segment of German society.

The most famous and spectacular of the Nazi mass demonstrations were held in the city of
Nuremberg.

Economic and labor conditions in Nazi Germany were characterized by
controlling the working classes through the Nazi-sponsored German Labor Front.

Hitler’s anti-Semitic policies in the 1930s
reached their most violent phase during Kristallnacht, with attacks on Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues

The Nazi policies toward women
claimed that through childbearing and service in the home women would bring about the triumph of the Aryan race.

The only eastern European nation to maintain political democracy throughout the 1930s was
Czechoslovakia.

The dominant form of government in Eastern Europe in the 1920s and 1930s was
authoritarianism.

The Spanish Civil War ended with the victory of
Francisco Franco, who established a conservative, authoritarian, and anti-democratic regime with the backing of the Spanish Catholic Church

Lenin’s New Economic Policy in the early 1920s
was a modified form of the capitalist system.

Joseph Stalin’s emergence as leader of the Communist party was aided by
his position as general secretary of the Bolshevik party.

The Stalinist era in the 1930s witnessed
millions of ordinary citizens arrested and sent into force labor camps.

The collectivization of agriculture under Stalin was characterized by
widespread famine.

Among the positive achievements of the Stalinist era in the Soviet Union was
more educational opportunities

The new forms of mass communication and leisure created between the wars included all except
the widespread use of television in most middle class homes.

“Strength through Joy”
monitored and homogenized the leisure time of the German workers.
d. failed miserably in its attempts to draw German workers to vacation pack

Artistic and intellectual trends in the inter-war years reflected
a disillusionment with Western Civilization provoked by the horrors of the World War I

The most famous of the Surrealistic painters was
Salvador Dali.

The Dada movement in art was known for all of the following except
an effort to put a clear sense of purpose and ambition back into art and life.

Walter Gropius was best known for his
ideas of functionalism in architecture.

Culture in Nazi Germany centered around
petty-bourgeois art, with sentimental and realistic scenes glorifying strong, heroic Aryans.

Not associated with the new literary techniques of the 1920’s was
Ernest Rutherford.

The physicist Walter Heisenberg was most noted for
proposing that uncertainty was at the bottom of all physical laws.

All of the following concepts were central to the psychological theories of Carl Jung except
the uncertainty principle.

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