Essentials for Nursing Practice 8th edition Potter Perry Chapter 02

Active Strategies of Health Promotion
Activities that depend on the patient’s being motivated to adopt a specific health program.

Acute Illness
Illness characterized by symptoms that are of relatively short duration, are usually severe, and affect the functioning of the patient in all dimensions.

Chronic Illness
Illness that persists over a long time and affects physical, emotional, intellectual, social, and spiritual functioning.

Dynamic state in which individuals adapt to their internal and external environments so that there is a state of physical, emotional, intellectual, social, and spiritual well-being.

Health Belief Model
Conceptual framework that describes a person’s health behavior as an expression of the person’s health beliefs.

Health Beliefs
Patient’s person beliefs about levels of wellness, which can motivate or impede participation in changing risk factors, participating in care, and selecting care options.

Health Promotion
Activities such as routine exercise and good nutrition that help patients maintain or enhance their present levels of health and reduce their risk of developing certain diseases.

Health Promotion Model
Defines health as a positive, dynamic state, not merely the absence of disease. The health promotion model emphasizes well-being, personal fulfillment, and self-actualization rather than reacting to the threat of illness.

Holistic Health
Comprehensive view of the person as a biopsychosocial and spiritual being.

(1) Abnormal process in which any aspect of a person’s functioning is diminished or impaired compared with that person’s previous condition. (2) The personal, interpersonal, and cultural reaction to disease.

Illness Behavior
Ways in which people monitor their bodies, define and interpret their symptoms, take remedial actions, and use the health care system.

Illness Prevention
Health education programs or activities directed toward protecting patients from threats or potential threats to health and toward minimizing risk factors.

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
A model, developed by Abram Maslow, used to explain human motivation.

Passive Strategies of Health Promotion
Activities that involve the patient as the recipient of actions by health care professionals.

Primary Prevention
First contact in a given episode of illness that leads to a decision regarding a course of action to prevent worsening of the health problems.

Risk Factor
Any internal or external variable that makes a person or group more vulnerable to illness or unhealthy event.

Secondary Prevention
Level of prevention medicine that focuses on early diagnosis, use of referral services, and rapid initiation of treatment to stop the progress of disease processes.

Tertiary Prevention
Activities directed toward rehabilitation rather than diagnosis and treatment.

Wellness Education
Activities that teach people how to care for themselves in a healthy manner.

Implementation The fourth step of the nursing process,(formally begins after the nurse develops a plan of care) the nurse initiates the interventions that are most likely to achieve the goals and expected outcomes needed to support or improve the client’s …

1. When formulating a definition of “health,” the nurse should consider that health, within its current definition, is: 1. The absence of disease 2. A function of the physiological state 3. The ability to pursue activities of daily living 4. …

Planning involves: Setting priorities, Identifying patient-centered goals and expected outcomes, and Select interventions for the nursing care plan. Priority setting The ordering of nursing diagnoses or patient problems using determinations of urgency and/or importance to establish a preferential order for …

feedback The nurse summarizes the conversation with the patient to determine if the patient has understood him or her. This is what element of the communication process? coach her to give herself positive messages Mrs. Jones states that she gets …

1. If obstructed, which component of the urination system would cause peristaltic waves? a. Kidney b. Ureters c. Bladder d. Urethra ANS: B Ureters drain urine from the kidneys into the bladder; if they become obstructed, peristaltic waves attempt to …

Measurements such as temperature, pulse, blood pressure and oxygen saturation are referred to as… Vital Signs What is the acceptable temperature range for adults? 36′ C- 38′ C 96.8’F- 100.4′ F WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY …

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