epidemiology and nursing practice

nurses use the principles of epidemiology to
1) enhance the clinical decision making process
2)identify people and populations at risk for threats to health
3)plan, implement, and evaluate health services

refers to the probability or likelihood that a health event will occur in a group of people currently free of the problem

risk factors
are those characteristics or events that have been shown to increase the probability of developing a health event.

when do you apply of the combination of factors that place people at particularly high risk for detrimental outcomes,
during a health-risk appraisal

where did the epi process and nursing process evolve from
the problem solving process

what is the purpose of community health nursing
to improve the health of an entire community

occupational health nurses
1) promote healthy lifestyles
2)assess worker health and work environment
3)provides direct care related to occupational illness and injury
4)plans, implements, and evaluates worker health programs
5)conducts research and improves the health of workers

clinical practice of community health nurses
1)assessing individual, families, and communities
2)gathering data, interviewing, documenting cases
3)interacting in homes, neighborhoods, community centers, and other community environments
4) investigating outbreaks

nurses responsibilities
outbreak investigations (infectious diseases); accident prevention; risk management; quality assessment

the use of epidemiology data
1)identify if a relationship exists between a specific exposure and the incidence of a disease
2)predict and prevent occupational and environmental diseases
3)determine safe levels of exposure
4)provide data to facilitate the establishment of standards for safety and health
5) determine risk (risk assessment)

epidemiologic data serves as foundations for nurses to what
plan and implement health programs and for policies that eventually affect the health status of populations and health services delivered to populations.

what is the health planning emphasis on
the aggregate not the individual

“what we, as society, do collectively to assure the conditions in which people can be heathy IOM definition of public health Assessment Policy Development Assurance Essential PH services WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR …

*Introduction* Public Health Science The scientific foundation of public health practice and brings together other sciences including environmental science, epidemiology, biostatisitcs, biomedical sciences, and the social/behavioral sciences. -Provides nurses with the skills and knowledge needed to answer questions related to …

Assumption 1: Defining Public Health Nursing Practice Public health nursing is defined as the practice of promoting and protecting the health of populations using knowledge from nursing, social, and public health sciences (APHA, 1996). The title “public health nurse” designates …

A community nurse in a diverse community is working with health care professionals to provide prenatal care for underemployed and under-insured South African women. Which overall goal of Healthy People 2020 does this represent? 1. Assess the health care needs …

Epidemic an outbreak that occurs when there is an increased incidence of a disease beyond that which is normally found in the population Epidemiologic Triad model based on the belief that health status is determined by the interaction of the …

critical thinking “…the process of questioning, analysis, synthesis, interpretation, inference, inductive and deductive reasoning, intuition, application, and creativity [and]…underlies independent and interdependent decision making” (AACN, 2008, p. 36; as cited in EKU BSN Student Handbook). nursing process “…a problem solving …

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