EMT Pharmacology Test

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Oxygen Names:
oxygen, O₂

oxygen dosage:
1-6lpm NC, 10-15 NRB, 15lpm BVM

Oxygen route:
inhalation

Oxygen effects:
improves O₂ saturation

Oxygen indication:
hypoxia, anticipated hypoxia, DOB, possible CO poisoning

Oxygen Contraindication:
none

Oxygen side effects:
dizziness, hyperoxia

Oral Glucose Names:
oral glucose, glutose15

Oral Glucose dosage:
15g

Oral Glucose route:
buccal, orally

Oral Glucose effects:
raise blood sugar, raise LOC

Oral Glucose indication:
can’t swallow, unconscious

Oral Glucose Contraindication:
none

Oral Glucose side effects:
none

Activated Charcoal Names:
Activated Charcoal, Actidose

Activated Charcoal dosage:
1g/kg of body weight up to 25g

Activated Charcoal route:
oral (po)

Activated Charcoal effects:
binds to poison

Activated Charcoal indication:
overdose, poison intake

Activated Charcoal Contraindication:
Acid, low LOC, can’t control airway

Activated Charcoal side effects:
vomiting

Aspirin Names:
Aspirin

Aspirin dosage:
160-325mg

Aspirin route:
oral

Aspirin effects:
lower pain, vasodilation, lower platelet coagulation

Aspirin indication:
chest pain

Aspirin Contraindication:
high blood pressure, ulcers, GI bleeding, hypersensitivity

Epinephrine Names:
Epinephrine, EPI pen, adrenaline

Epinephrine dosage:
0.15-0.3mg

Epinephrine route:
muscular, IM

Epinephrine effects:
reduces swelling, opens airway, vasoconstriction, smooth muscle relaxer

Epinephrine indication:
severe allergic reaction, anaphylactic reaction

Epinephrine Contraindication:
hypersensitivity (known)

Aspirin side effects:
tachycardia, prolonged bleeding

Epinephrine side effects:
elevated B/P, elevated heart rate

Albuterol Names:
Albuterol, Ventolin

Albuterol dosage:
1-2 puffs, 2.5mg (nebulizer)

Albuterol route:
inhalation, nebulizer

Albuterol effects:
open airway, open lungs, broncopilation

Albuterol indication:
difficulty breathing, wheezing, asthma attack, exacerbation of COPD

Albuterol Contraindication:
hypersensitivity, high heart rate

Albuterol side effects:
tachycardia, tremors

Naloxone Names:
Naloxone, Narcan

Naloxone dosage:
2mg

Naloxone route:
intra-nasal (1mg in each nostril)

Naloxone effects:
binds and blocks to opiate receptors

Naloxone indication:
opiate overdose, or unknown unconsciousness

Naloxone Contraindication:
none

Naloxone side effects:
vomiting, aggressiveness

Ondansetron Names:
Ondansetron, Zofran

Ondansetron dosage:
4-8mg

Ondansetron route:
sublingual

Ondansetron effects:
decreases nausea

Ondansetron indication:
nausea, vomiting

Ondansetron Contraindication:
decreased LOC, hypersensitivity

Ondansetron side effects:
headache, constipation

Nitroglycerin Names:
Nitroglycerin, Nitrostat

Nitroglycerin dosage:
0.4mg

Nitroglycerin route:
sublingual

Nitroglycerin effects:
vasodilation, decrease chest pain

Nitroglycerin indication:
chest pain

Nitroglycerin contraindication:
low blood pressure (hypertension), meds for erectile dysfunction

Nitroglycerin Side Effects:
headache, decreased blood pressure

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy (Type of drug:) Nitroglycerin (Type of drug:) Vasodilator. (Mechanism of Action:) Nitroglycerin (Mechanism of Action:) Dilates coronary arteries and …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy 1) Oxygen 2) Oral Glucose 3) Activated Charcoal 4) Aspirin What are the 4 medications carried on the EMS …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Specific signs, symptoms, or circumstances under which it is appropriate to administer a drug to a patient Indications Spray …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Epinephrine- brand name (3) Adrenalin, epinephrine, Epi-Pen Epinephrine- Class (2) Natural catecholamine, sympathomimetic WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Absorption Process by which medications travel through body tissue Contradiction Situation in which a drug should not be given …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy A 31-year-old female is experiencing an acute asthma attack. She is conscious and alert, but in obvious respiratory distress. …

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