EMT Pharmacology Test

Oxygen Names:
oxygen, O₂

oxygen dosage:
1-6lpm NC, 10-15 NRB, 15lpm BVM

Oxygen route:
inhalation

Oxygen effects:
improves O₂ saturation

Oxygen indication:
hypoxia, anticipated hypoxia, DOB, possible CO poisoning

Oxygen Contraindication:
none

Oxygen side effects:
dizziness, hyperoxia

Oral Glucose Names:
oral glucose, glutose15

Oral Glucose dosage:
15g

Oral Glucose route:
buccal, orally

Oral Glucose effects:
raise blood sugar, raise LOC

Oral Glucose indication:
can’t swallow, unconscious

Oral Glucose Contraindication:
none

Oral Glucose side effects:
none

Activated Charcoal Names:
Activated Charcoal, Actidose

Activated Charcoal dosage:
1g/kg of body weight up to 25g

Activated Charcoal route:
oral (po)

Activated Charcoal effects:
binds to poison

Activated Charcoal indication:
overdose, poison intake

Activated Charcoal Contraindication:
Acid, low LOC, can’t control airway

Activated Charcoal side effects:
vomiting

Aspirin Names:
Aspirin

Aspirin dosage:
160-325mg

Aspirin route:
oral

Aspirin effects:
lower pain, vasodilation, lower platelet coagulation

Aspirin indication:
chest pain

Aspirin Contraindication:
high blood pressure, ulcers, GI bleeding, hypersensitivity

Epinephrine Names:
Epinephrine, EPI pen, adrenaline

Epinephrine dosage:
0.15-0.3mg

Epinephrine route:
muscular, IM

Epinephrine effects:
reduces swelling, opens airway, vasoconstriction, smooth muscle relaxer

Epinephrine indication:
severe allergic reaction, anaphylactic reaction

Epinephrine Contraindication:
hypersensitivity (known)

Aspirin side effects:
tachycardia, prolonged bleeding

Epinephrine side effects:
elevated B/P, elevated heart rate

Albuterol Names:
Albuterol, Ventolin

Albuterol dosage:
1-2 puffs, 2.5mg (nebulizer)

Albuterol route:
inhalation, nebulizer

Albuterol effects:
open airway, open lungs, broncopilation

Albuterol indication:
difficulty breathing, wheezing, asthma attack, exacerbation of COPD

Albuterol Contraindication:
hypersensitivity, high heart rate

Albuterol side effects:
tachycardia, tremors

Naloxone Names:
Naloxone, Narcan

Naloxone dosage:
2mg

Naloxone route:
intra-nasal (1mg in each nostril)

Naloxone effects:
binds and blocks to opiate receptors

Naloxone indication:
opiate overdose, or unknown unconsciousness

Naloxone Contraindication:
none

Naloxone side effects:
vomiting, aggressiveness

Ondansetron Names:
Ondansetron, Zofran

Ondansetron dosage:
4-8mg

Ondansetron route:
sublingual

Ondansetron effects:
decreases nausea

Ondansetron indication:
nausea, vomiting

Ondansetron Contraindication:
decreased LOC, hypersensitivity

Ondansetron side effects:
headache, constipation

Nitroglycerin Names:
Nitroglycerin, Nitrostat

Nitroglycerin dosage:
0.4mg

Nitroglycerin route:
sublingual

Nitroglycerin effects:
vasodilation, decrease chest pain

Nitroglycerin indication:
chest pain

Nitroglycerin contraindication:
low blood pressure (hypertension), meds for erectile dysfunction

Nitroglycerin Side Effects:
headache, decreased blood pressure

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