As an EMT, you will be trusted to administer medications in emergency situations; many of these may be lifesaving, but there is potential to do harm.
An EMT must know the manufacturer, sources, characteristics, and effects of every medication that has been prescribed to the patient.
As an EMT, you will be trusted to administer medications in emergency situations, although many of these may do nothing but give the patient false hope.
An EMT must know the sources, characteristics, and effects of each medication that the physician may prescribe.
Prescribed bronchodilator inhalers, prescribed nitroglycerin, and prescribed epinephrine auto-injectors
Any over-the-counter medication, oral glucose, and oxygen
Aspirin, acetaminophen, oral glucose, insulin, prescribed bronchodilator inhalers, nitroglycerin, and epinephrine auto-injectors.
Aspirin, oral glucose, oxygen, prescribed bronchodilator inhalers, nitroglycerin, and epinephrine auto-injectors
Aspirin reduces the heart’s ability to beat fast and works to prevent rapid heart rate.
Aspirin reduces the pain level in patients who are in pain.
Aspirin reduces the blood’s ability to clot and works to prevent clot formation in patients suffering chest pain.
It is given to calm the patient by reducing the pain because stress is the real killer.
The patient must have a history of diabetes.
The patient, if conscious, must be able to swallow; if unconscious, you can apply the gel to a tongue depressor and place it between the cheek and gum or under the tongue.
The patient must be conscious and able to swallow with an altered mental status and history of diabetes.
The patient must be unconscious and have a history of diabetes.
Never give oxygen to a chronic obstructed pulmonary disease patient.
Always document the need for oxygen by pulse oximetry before giving it to the patient.
Only withhold oxygen to anyone who is allergic to it.
Never withhold oxygen to any patient who needs it.
Decreased level of consciousness
Answer Decreased blood pressure
Sudden increase in heart rate
All of the above
An epinephrine auto-injector
Non-aspirin pain relievers such as Tylenol
Severe allergies to peanut, shellfish, penicillin, or bee stings
Chronic pulmonary diseases
Constriction of blood vessels
Constriction of coronary arteries
Dilation of coronary arteries
Decrease in blood pressure
4 dihydroxyphenyl acetate
Answer An unintended action of the drug
The way in which a drug causes its effects
A reason why you should avoid giving a medication to a patient
A reason why you should give a medication to a patient
Its physical state, such as powder, liquid, or gas
The mandatory paperwork that must be completed when giving any drug
The type of container it comes in
The way in which it is administered
The medication is injected under the skin.
The medication is breathed into the lungs, such as from an inhaler.
The medication is placed under the tongue.
The medication is swallowed whole, not chewed.
Answer The chemical name of the medication
The expiration date of the medication
The patient’s response to the medication
All of the above
As a powder, which is premixed with water
As a gel or paste
As a fine liquid spray for inhalation
A drop in the patient’s blood pressure
A patient complaint of headache
A change in the level of pain experienced by the patient
All of the above
Lower the head of the stretcher and take the patient’s blood pressure.
Administer activated charcoal to prevent further absorption of the nitroglycerin and closely monitor the patient’s blood pressure.
Advise the patient that this is a normal occurrence and administer a second dose of nitroglycerin.
Increase the amount of oxygen you are giving to the patient before administering a second dose of nitroglycerin.
No, any delay will cause the patient more heart damage; each delay weakens the myocardium.
Yes, the nitroglycerin will cause the blood vessels to dilate and restore some blood flow, and the aspirin will slow the clotting process.
Yes, the nitroglycerin will cause the heart to beat stronger and restore some blood flow, and the aspirin will ease the pain.
No, any delay will cause the patient more stress; she needs to be in a definitive care facility.
Insert the mouthpiece and inhale deeply as you depress the canister.
I am going to inject medication into your thigh.
Open your mouth and lift your tongue so I can spray this medication under your tongue.
This is not pleasant tasting, but it is important that you drink all of it.
decreased blood pressure and increased heart rate.
bronchodilation and increased heart rate.
vasoconstriction and increased heart rate.
jitteriness and increased heart rate.
Contact medical control to receive permission to give the medication.
Determine that the inhaler actually belongs to the patient.
Make sure the patient is suffering from asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis.
Complete the primary assessment and take vital signs.
Pills and injectable
Aerosol and spray
Pills and spray
Ointment and pills
It reduces the pain in the myocardium and lowers blood pressure.
It causes the dilation of coronary blood pressure and reduces pain in the myocardium.
It causes the constriction of bronchioles and reduces pain in the myocardium.
It causes the dilation of coronary blood vessels that supply the heart muscle.
Nitroglycerin, Ventolin, and epinephrine
Sildenafil, vardenafil, and epinephrine
Viagra, Levitra, or medication for erectile dysfunction
Oral glucose, Viagra, and aspirin
It will help raise the patient’s blood pressure and slow the heart rate.
It will constrict the patient’s airway passages and blood vessels.
It will help constrict the patient’s blood vessels and relax the airway passages.
It will help dilate the patient’s blood vessels and relax the airway passages.
Official, chemical, and generic
Manufacturers, general, and governmental
Trade, chemical, and generic
Trade, brand, and generic
Which of the following BEST describes the five rights?
In date, right medication, right order, right dose, right time
Right patient, right medication, in date, right dose, right route
Right decision, right medication, right order, right dose, right place
Right patient, right medication, right time, right dose, right route
beyond the scope of the EMT level.
allowed in larger cities and more advanced EMS services.
used in advanced life support only when the patient is intubated.
only performed on advanced life support services
measurement and documentation.
Reconsider the five rights, reassess the patient, and contact medical control.
Document the administration, reassess the patient, and report to the receiving facility.
Wait 5 minutes, repeat the medication if needed, and reassess the patient’s vitals.
Document the route, dose, and time; reassess the patient; and re-administer the medication.