EMT chapter 22- Psychiatric Emergencies

Schizophrenia is an example of a(n) ________ disorder.

What should the EMT do immediately after physically restraining a violent patient?
Reassess the patient’s airway and breathing.

Where should you position yourself when beginning the primary assessment of a patient displaying a psychiatric issue?
At a distance

Why should a patient not be transported in a prone position with his/her hands tied behind the back?
Positional asphyxia could occur.

what is a sign or symptom of PTSD?

How is a behavioral crisis defined?
Any reaction to events that interferes with the activities of daily living

What is the most common misconception surrounding mental illness?
Feeling “bad” or “depressed” means that you must be “sick.”

Everyone exhibits some signs and symptoms of mental illness at some point in life ____________.
but that does not mean a person is mentally ill

what is a good guideline for physical examination of any patient?
Avoid touching without permission.

he two basic categories of diagnosis that a physician will use for behavioral crises or psychiatric emergencies are ____________.
physical and psychological

what terms applies to a state of delusion in which the patient is out of touch with reality?

Signs of excited delirium include:
diaphoresis, tachycardia, and hallucinations.

You are assessing a 45-year-old female who is severely depressed. She states that it seems as though her entire world is crashing down around her. She further states that she has had frequent thoughts of suicide, but is not sure if she can actually go through with it. How should you manage this situation?
Ask the patient if she has developed a suicidal plan.

You are attending to a 32-year-old male patient. The patient’s wife tells you that he returned from Afghanistan last year. While he initially seemed fine, lately he has become withdrawn and distanced himself from his family and friends. He does not talk about it, but she knows that he has been having terrible nightmares that wake him up. The most appropriate question to ask regarding his experience in Afghanistan is:
Were you shot at or under fire?

When a psychiatric emergency arises, a patient is most likely to exhibit which behaviors?
Any behaviors that are a violent threat to the patient, EMTs, or others

During a psychiatric emergency, the EMT should be able to ____________. predict whether the patient will become violent Which of the following might help the EMT differentiate between “normal” depression and mental illness? The amount of time that the patient …

Common causes of acute psychotic behavior include all of the following, EXCEPT: Alzheimer disease. When investigating the chief complaint of a psychiatric emergency, the EMT should attempt to determine which of the following? All of these answers are correct. WE …

A 40-year-old male intentionally cut his wrist out of anger after losing his job. Law enforcement has secured the scene prior to your arrival. As you enter the residence and visualize the patient, you can see that he has a …

Which of the following is NOT typically linked to a psychological or behavioral crisis? Mind-altering substances An underlying medical problem History of smoking Stress History of smoking Which of the following is a normal reaction to a crisis situation? Monday …

Which of the following findings does NOT indicate the potential for violence? A. Large physical body size B. Agitated or depressed C. Uncoordinated movements D. Withdrawn or detached A. Large physical body size When assessing a patient with bizarre behavior, …

A 38-year-old male with a history of schizophrenia is reported by neighbors to be screaming and throwing things in his house. You are familiar with the patient and have cared for him in the past for unrelated problems. Law enforcement …

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