EMT – Basic Pharmacology

(Type of drug:) Nitroglycerin
(Type of drug:) Vasodilator.

(Mechanism of Action:) Nitroglycerin
(Mechanism of Action:) Dilates coronary arteries and veins, improves blood flow. Decreases oxygen demand of the heart.

(Indications:) Nitroglycerin
(Indications:) Treatment of angina pain and acute myocardial infarction, must be patient’s prescribed dosage and as approved by medical direction.

(Contraindications:) Nitroglycerin
(Contraindications:) Cerebral hemorrhage, sexual enhancement drugs, hypotension-systolic blood pressure < 100.

(Precautions:) Nitroglycerin
(Precautions:) Severe liver disease.

(Route and dosage:) Nitroglycerin
(Route and dosage:) Sublingual, 0.4 mg q 5 min. max dose 3 tabs.

(Side effects:) Nitroglycerin
(Side effects:) Headache, flushing, dizziness, hypotension, and tachycardia.

(Type of drug:) Activated Charcoal
(Type of drug:) Adsorbent

(Mechanism of Action:) Activated Charcoal
(Mechanism of Action:) Adsorbs toxic substances in the digestive tract.

(Indications:) Activated Charcoal
(Indications:) Most oral poisonings, overdoses.

(Contraindications:) Activated Charcoal
(Contraindications:) Lowered LOC, OD of corrosives, caustics, or petroleum substances

(Precautions:) Activated Charcoal
(Precautions:) Vomiting

(Route and Dosage:) Activated Charcoal
(Route and Dosage:) By mouth (PO); Adult and child; 50 grams, 1 – 2g/kg

(Side effects:) Activated Charcoal
(Side effects:) Nausea, vomiting, constipation, black stool.

(Type of drug:) Meter Dosed Inhaler (MDI)
(Type of drug:) Bronchodilator

(Mechanism of Action:) Meter Dosed Inhaler (MDI)
(Mechanism of Action:) Stimulates the nervous system, causing bronchodilation.

(Indications:) Meter Dosed Inhaler (MDI)
(Indications:) Asthma/difficulty breathing with wheezing, must be prescribed.

(Contraindications:) Meter Dosed Inhaler (MDI)
(Contraindications:) Hypersensitivity, tachycardia, MI.

(Precautions:) Meter Dosed Inhaler (MDI)
(Precautions:) Cardiac disorders, diabetes, hypertension, seizures.

(Route and Dosage:) Meter Dosed Inhaler (MDI)
(Route and Dosage:) MDI/Inhalation.

(Side effects:) Meter Dosed Inhaler (MDI)
(Side effects:) Hypertension, tachycardia, anxiety, restlessness.

(Type of drug:) Oral Glucose/Glutose
(Type of drug:) Glucose.

(Mechanism of Action:) Oral Glucose/Glutose
(Mechanism of Action:) When absorbed, provides glucose for cell use.

(Indications:) Oral Glucose/Glutose
(Indications:) Altered mental status, blood sugar lower than 80 – hypoglycemia

(Contraindications:) Oral Glucose/Glutose
(Contraindications:) Lowered LOC, nausea, vomiting, inability to swallow/no gag reflex.

(Precautions:) Oral Glucose/Glutose
(Precautions:) Patient must have control of the airway and be awake and able to follow commands.

(Route and Dosage:) Oral Glucose/Glutose
(Route and Dosage:) By mouth (PO); 10 – 30g, max dose 30g.

(Side effects:) Oral Glucose/Glutose
(Side effects:) Nausea, vomiting.

(Type of drug:) Oxygen (O2)
(Type of drug:) Gas/Inhaled

(Mechanism of Action:) Oxygen (O2)
(Mechanism of Action:) Reverses hypoxia.

(Indication:) Oxygen (O2)
(Indication:) Hypoxia or suspected hypoxia.

(Contraindications:) Oxygen (O2)
(Contraindications:) Very rarely in patients with COPD. DO NOT use near open flames as O2 will support combustion. Never withhold O2 from a patient.

(Precaution:) Oxygen (O2)
(Precaution:) NO open flames nearby; DO NOT withhold O2 from patients in respiratory distress.

(Route:) Oxygen (O2)
(Route:) Inhalation.

(Side effects:) Oxygen (O2)
(Side effects:) Lowered respiratory drives in some patients with COPD.

(Type of drug:) Albuterol
(Type of drug:) Adrenergic ß-₂ agonist, sympathomimetic, bronchodilator

(Mechanism of Action:) Albuterol
(Mechanism of Action:) Bronchodilator, stimulates ß-₂ adrenergic receptors of bronchial smooth muscle and lungs.

(Indications:) Albuterol
(Indications:) Asthma or acute bronchospasm assoc.

(Contraindications:) Albuterol
(Contraindications:) Hypersensitivty to this drug and peanuts, tachydysrhythmias.

(Precautions:) Albuterol
(Precautions:) Cardiac disorders, hypertension.

(Route and Dosage:) Albuterol
(Route and Dosage:) Nebulized inhaler; 2.5 – 5 mg (in 2.5 mL NS ‘fish’)

(Adverse reactions and side effects:) Albuterol
(Adverse reactions and side effects:) Paradoxic bronchospasm, tremors, anxiety, palpitations, tachycardia , hypertension.

(Type of drug:) Epinephrine 1:1,000 (Epi)
(Type of drug:) Bronchodilator, vasoconstrictor.

(Mechanism of Action:) Epinephrine 1:1,000 (Epi)
(Mechanism of Action:) Stimulates nervous system, causing vasoconstriction and bronchodilation.

(Indications:) Epinephrine 1:1,000 (Epi)
(Indications:) Anaphylaxis/severe allergic reactions. s/s of shock, hypotension, airway swelling or dyspnea.

(Contraindications:) Epinephrine 1:1,000 (Epi)
(Contraindications:) MI, hypothermia, hypertension.

(Administration concerns:) Epinephrine 1:1,000 (Epi)
(Administration concerns:) Pregnancy, cardiac disorders, hypertension, geriatrics, medication only lasts approx. 5 minutes.

(Route and Dosage) Epinephrine 1:1,000 (Epi)
(Route and Dosage) Adult SQ/IM 0.1 – 0.5 mg. Epi-pen dose 0.3 mg.

(Side effects:) Epinephrine 1:1,000 (Epi)
(Side effects:) Tremors, anxiety, dizziness, palpitations, tachycardia, dysrhythmias, anorexia, N/V, dyspnea, increases oxygen demand of the heart.

(Type of drug:) Aspirin (ASA)
(Type of drug:) Antiplatelet

(Mechanism of Action:) Aspirin (ASA)
(Mechanism of Action:) Decreases platelet aggregation, decreases clotting.

(Indications:) Aspirin (ASA)
(Indications:) MI and angina as approved by medical direction.

(Contraindications:) Aspirin (ASA)
(Contraindications:) GI bleed, allergy.

(Precautions:) Aspirin (ASA)
(Precautions:) Anemia, Hodgkin’s lymphoma, gastritis

(Route and Dosage:) Aspirin (ASA)
(Route and Dosage:) By mouth, dosage 3 – 4 81mg chewable tablets, max dose 324mg.

(Side effects:) Aspirin (ASA)
(Side effects:) Seizures, coma, GI bleeding, hepatitis and anaphylaxis.

Bisacodyl Suppository Generic Name: Bisacodyl Suppository Trade Name (s): Dulcolax Classification: Laxative OB Category: Category B Mechanism of Action: Unclear. Thought to stimulate colonic mucosa, producing parasympathetic reflexes that enhance peristalsis and increase H20 and electrolyte secretion, thereby causing evacuation …

Ventolin, Proventil. Pro-Air Generic name: Albuterol Classification: Beta 2 agonist inhaler (SABA, rescue, either MDI or nebulizer via liquid) – bronchodilator Indications: Side Effects: trembling to shaking of hands, arms – “hyperkinesia”, legs or feet. Drowsy/dizzy, headache, dry mouth, arrhythmias …

Absorption refers to the movement of drug into the bloodstream, with the rate dependent on the physical characteristics of the drug and its formation. Refers to the passage of drug molecules from the site of administration into the circulation. Active …

Absorption Process by which a drug enters the circulatory system (blood). Intravenous (IV) & Intra-Arterial Administration/Dosage routs that do not require absorption. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my …

Wellbutrin is a brand name for bupropion, an atypical and a second generation antidepressant drug of aminoketone class. Its structure is different from tricyclic and other known antidepressant. Its structure resembles that of diethylpropion. The powder is white crystalline and …

abuse Misuse; excessive or improper use, especially of narcotics and psychoactive drugs. absorption The process whereby the drug passes into the body fluids and tissues WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY …

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