A.) Secure the patient to a scoop stretcher and carry him or her headfirst down the stairs to the awaiting stretcher.
B.) Place the wheeled stretcher at the bottom of the stairs and carry the patient down the stairs with a stair chair.
C.) Collapse the undercarriage of the wheeled stretcher and carefully carry the patient down the stairs on the stretcher.
D.) Assist the patient in walking down the stairs and place him or her on the wheeled stretcher at the bottom of the stairs.
A.) Patient History.
B.) Treatment Rendered.
C.) Location of the Call.
D.) Assessment Findings.
A.) Maintaining slight flexion of your back.
B.) Leaning back from your waist when lifting.
C.) Slightly twisting your body when carrying.
D.) Constant communication with your partners.
A.) Apply a non-rebreathing mask on the patient and a high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) respirator on yourself.
B.) Remain at least 3 feet away from the patient and apply a surgical mask on him.
C.) Apply a sterile surgical mask on yourself and a HEPA respirator on the patient.
D.) Apply a nasal cannula on the patient and a sterile surgical mask on yourself.
A.) Ensure that he is aware of the risks of refusing medical care.
B.) Err in the best interest of the patient and transport him at once.
C.) Just have him sign a refusal of care form and then return to service.
D.) Tell him that he is having a heart attack and needs medical care.
A.) Identifying the material.
B.) Calling the hazardous materials team.
C.) Evacuating the bystanders.
D.) Ensuring your personal safety.
A.) Begin resuscitation at once.
B.) Contact medical control at once.
C.) Determine the patient’s illness.
D.) Notify the coroner immediately.
A.) Advise medical control of the situation.
B.) Err on the side of caution and transport.
C.) Ensure that the family is aware of the risks.
D.) Thoroughly document the entire event.
A.) Continue into the apartment using extreme caution.
B.) Proceed into the apartment and apprehend the gunman.
C.) Get in your ambulance and leave the scene immediately.
D.) Seek a safe place and request law enforcement assistance.
A.) Document the error and report it to your supervisor.
B.) Contact medical control and notify him or her of the error.
C.) A) and B).
D.) Exclude this from the PCR since it did not harm the patient.
A.) Ask a bystander to remain with your patient as you treat the crash victims.
B.) Remain at the scene until law enforcement and another ambulance arrive.
C.) Stop and triage the patients while your partner remains in the ambulance.
D.) Continue transporting your patient and notify the dispatcher of the crash.
A.) Lift with your palms up.
B.) Rotate your palms down.
C.) Hold the handle with your fingers.
D.) Position your hands about 6″ apart.
A.) Proximal Forearm.
B.) Superior Forearm.
C.) Dorsal Forearm.
D.) Distal Forearm.
A.) The NREMT is a governmental agency that certifies EMTs.
B.) EMS training standards are regulated by the NREMT.
C.) The NREMT is the exclusive certifying body for EMTs.
D.) The NREMT provides a national standard for EMS training.
A.) Transport the child immediately and have the parents meet you at the hospital.
B.) Treat the child at the scene and wait for the parents to arrive and give consent.
C.) Begin transport at once and have the parents meet you en route to the hospital.
D.) Withhold treatment until the parents arrive and give you consent for treatment.
A.) Conscious patient with abrasions and a possibly fractured humerus.
B.) Temperature is 68 degrees F with a light wind.
C.) Semiconscious patient with shallow respirations and signs of shock.
D.) Stable patient who is blocking access to another stable injured patient.
A.) Provide treatment up to your level of training and transport the child at once.
B.) Recognize that you cannot begin treatment without expressed parental consent.
C.) Transport the child to the closest hospital and let them provide any treatment.
D.) Administer oxygen only until you receive parental consent for further treatment.
A.) Always lift with your palms facing down.
B.) Spread your legs approximately 20″ apart.
C.) Keep your back in a slightly curved position.
D.) Keep your back in a straight, vertical position.
A.) Recumbent position with the head lower than the legs.
B.) Supine position with the legs elevated approximately 6″ to 12″.
C.) Recumbent position with the head elevated at a 25 degree to 45 degree angle.
D.) Supine position on back board with the legs elevated 6″ to 12″ higher than the head.
A.) Alarm response, reaction and resistance, and recovery.
B.) Delayed reaction, alarm response, and physical recovery.
C.) Reaction and resistance, euphoria, and physical exhaustion.
D.) Immediate reaction, psychological exhaustion, and recovery.
A.) Shift Supervisor.
B.) Medical Director.
C.) EMS Administrator.
D.) Field Training Officer.
A.) Maintain stabilization of the spine at all times.
B.) Move the patient as quickly as you possibly can.
C.) Extricate the patient with one coordinated move.
D.) Apply a vest-style device before moving the patient.
A.) A patient has an altered mental status or is in shock.
B.) The EMT is unable to protect the patient from scene hazards.
C.) The EMT has to gain access to lesser-injured patients in a vehicle.
D.) A significant mechanism of injury is involved.
A.) It is far contagious than hepatitis B.
B.) It is easily transmittable in the EMS field.
C.) HIV is transmitted exclusively via blood.
D.) There is no vaccine against HIV infection.
A.) A patient advises an EMT of why he or she is refusing care.
B.) An EMT advises a patient of the risks of receiving treatment.
C.) An EMT initiates immediate care for an unconscious adult.
D.) A patient is advised by an EMT that they should go to the hospital.
A.) Another EMT.
B.) The general public.
C.) The medical director.
D.) A paramedic supervisor.
A.) It was not performed in the eyes of the law.
B.) It can be qualified by the EMT in charge.
C.) It cannot be used in establishing negligence.
D.) It was performed haphazardly by the EMT.
A.) The spine must be fully immobilized prior to performing an emergency move.
B.) An emergency move is performed before the primary assessment and treatment.
C.) The patient is dragged against the body’s long axis during an emergency move.
D.) It is not possible to perform an emergency move without injuring the patient.
A.) A patient who can be properly assessed while still in the vehicle.
B.) A patient who blocks access to another seriously injured patient.
C.) A patient who needs immediate care that requires a supine position.
D.) A patient whose condition requires immediate transport to the hospital.
A.) Undergo an annual physical examination.
B.) Ensure that your immunizations are up-to-date.
C.) Wash your hands in between patient contacts.
D.) Undergo HIV testing at least twice a year.
A.) Transport patients to the hospital of their choice.
B.) Provide competent care that meets current standards.
C.) Use universal precautions with every patient encounter.
D.) Utilize at least four personnel when moving a patient.
A.) Abandonment, breach of duty, damages, and causation.
B.) Duty to act, abandonment, breach of duty, and causation.
C.) Duty to act, breach of duty, injury/damages, and causation.
D.) Breach of duty, injury/damages, abandonment, and causation.
A.) A mentally competent adult can withdraw his or her consent to treat at any time.
B.) Any patient who refuses EMS treatment must legally sign a patient refusal form.
C.) Because of your suspicions, the best approach is to transport him to the hospital.
D.) Once a patient is in the ambulance, he or she cannot legally refuse EMS treatment.
A.) Vaccination against hepatitis B provides partial immunity for life.
B.) OSHA requires that your employer offer you the vaccine free of charge.
C.) The hepatitis B vaccine provides protection against the disease for 2 years.
D.) Vaccination with the hepatitis B vaccine confers immunity against hepatitis A.
A.) EMT oath.
B.) Code of Ethics.
C.) Standard of Care.
D.) Scope of Practice.
A.) Pushing the foot of the stretcher while your partner guides the head.
B.) Pushing the head of the stretcher while your partner guides the foot.
C.) Slightly lifting the stretcher to prevent unnecessary patient movement.
D.) Retracting the undercarriage and carrying the stretcher to the ambulance.
A.) Absence of a pulse.
B.) Profound cyanosis.
C.) Dependent lividity.
D.) Absent breath sounds.
A.) Flexing your body at the knees.
B.) The use of more than two EMTs.
C.) Using a wheeled stretcher whenever possible.
D.) The use of a long backboard or scoop stretcher.