BGL Above 120
Breathing=Kusmaul (rapid and deep)
Blood pressure=normal to low
Pulse=Weak, rapid and thready
restlessness, possibly progressing to coma; abnormal or slurred speech;unsteady gait.
Response to treatment is gradual withing 6-12 hours
BGL Below 80
Breathing=Normal or rapid
Blood pressure=Normal to low
Pulse=Weak and rapid
Irritability, confusion, seizure, or coma; unsteady gait
Response to treatment is immidieate.
Onset-rapid within minutes
Diabetes Mellitus means “Sweet” Diabetes. This refers to the presence of glucose (sugar) in the urine.
They daily injections to control their blood glucose
Usually develops during childhood
More likely to have metabolic problems and organ damage, such as blindness, heart disease, kidney failure and nerve disorders.
Produces inadequate amounts of insulin or they may produce a normal amount it just doesnt function effectivley
Can be reveresed with a lifestyle change.
Involves excessive urination
Here the missing hormone is one that regulates urinary fluid reabsorption.
weak and rapid pulse
sweet breath/fruity (two-day old drunk breath)
can progress to coma and death
blood sugar 400 or above
All we can do is drive the truck fast
Without enough insulin, glucose builds up in the blood. Since the body is unable to use glucose for energy, it breaks down fat instead.
During digestion, the body breaks down fats into fatty acids, which can then be absorbed into the blood.
Fatty acid molecules are usually joined together in groups of three, forming a molecule called a triglyceride.
no sweet smelling breath
Excessive urination results in dehydration
Slower, more gradual onset
800 or above
it will say HI on a glucometer
Could be in a coma
A state of unconsciousness resulting from several problems, including ketoacidosis, hyperglycemia and dehydration resulting from excessive urination
A lot more critical. If untreated can result in death.
You have to bring it down slowly. If you drop it down to fast it could result in severe brain swelling
to much insulin.
May have vomited after a meal or just engaged in rigorous physical acitivity
treat with oral glucose
should have a set of vitals before and after glucose.
Cool and clammy, needs some candy
Have you eaten normally today ?
Are you insulin dependent?
only live for 16 days
could cause hypoxia
rupture of blood vessels for spleen
S shaped red blood cell
(lack of circulation red blood cells in the body)
Chronic renal Failure
aka you bleed a lot
Two types A and B
Bruising, especially a large, lumpy bruise.
Bleeding for no known reason.
Blood in the urine or stool.
Bleeding that does not stop after getting a cut, having a tooth out, getting an injury to the mouth or having surgery.
Bleeding that does not stop after circumcision.