EMS Chapter 37

While en route to a call for a patient in cardiac arrest, you approach a stopped school bus with its red warning lights flashing. You should:
A. slowly and carefully pass the bus on the left side.
B. pass the bus only after all the children have exited.
C. stop and wait until the warning lights stop flashing.
D. back up and take an alternate route to the scene.
C. stop and wait until the warning lights stop flashing.

In which of the following situations would the EMTs MOST likely utilize a police escort?
A. The weather is treacherous and there are numerous roads washed out.
B. The EMTs are transporting a critical pediatric patient through traffic.
C. The call is dispatched as an unresponsive patient with CPR in progress.
D. The EMTs are unfamiliar with the location, but the police officer knows the area.
D. The EMTs are unfamiliar with the location, but the police officer knows the area.

Common safety equipment carried on the ambulance includes all of the following, EXCEPT:
A. turnout gear.
B. face shields.
C. safety goggles.
D. hazardous materials gear.
D. hazardous materials gear.

Which of the following is an example of regional equipment or supplies?
A. DuoDote Auto-Injector
B. Vacuum splint
C. Oral glucose
D. Inhaled bronchodilator
A. DuoDote Auto-Injector

Hydroplaning of the ambulance on wet roads would MOST likely occur at speeds of greater than _____ mph.
A. 15
B. 10
C. 30
D. 20
C. 30

General guidelines for safe ambulance driving include all of the following, EXCEPT:
A. regularly using the siren as much as possible.
B. avoiding one-way streets whenever possible.
C. avoiding routes with heavy traffic congestion.
D. assuming that other drivers will not see you.
A. regularly using the siren as much as possible.

When arriving at the scene of an overturned tractor-trailer rig, you note that a green cloud is being emitted from the crashed vehicle. The driver is still in the truck; he is conscious but bleeding profusely from the head. After notifying the hazardous materials team, you should:
A. park downhill from the scene.
B. ask the driver to exit the vehicle.
C. quickly gain access to the patient.
D. position the ambulance upwind.
D. position the ambulance upwind.

The process of removing dirt, dust, blood, or other visible contaminants from a surface or equipment is called:
A. disinfection.
B. high-level disinfection.
C. cleaning.
D. sterilization.
C. cleaning.

Equipment and supplies that are carried on an ambulance should be stored:
A. as directed by the EMS system’s medical director.
B. in locked or secured cabinets in order to prevent theft.
C. according to the urgency and frequency of their use
D. based on recommendations of the health department.
C. according to the urgency and frequency of their use

The use of lights and siren on an ambulance:
A. allows other drivers to hear and see you from a great distance.
B. is required any time a patient is being transported to the hospital.
C. legally gives the emergency vehicle operator the right of way.
D. signifies a request for other drivers to yield the right of way.
D. signifies a request for other drivers to yield the right of way.

Immediately upon arriving at the scene of an emergency call involving a traumatic injury, you should notify the dispatcher of your arrival and then:
A. quickly gain access to the patient.
B. determine if additional units are needed.
C. observe the scene for safety hazards.
D. carefully assess the mechanism of injury.
C. observe the scene for safety hazards.

When approaching a helicopter, whether the rotor blades are moving or not, you should:
A. never duck under the body or the tail boom because the pilot cannot see you in these areas.
B. carefully approach the aircraft from the rear unless a crew member instructs you to do otherwise.
C. approach the aircraft from the side because this will make it easier for you to access the aircraft doors.
D. remember that the main rotor blade is flexible and can dip as low as 5¢ to 6¢ from the ground.
A. never duck under the body or the tail boom because the pilot cannot see you in these areas.

You have just delivered a major trauma patient to the hospital. Shortly after departing the hospital, dispatch advises you of another call. The back of the ambulance is contaminated with bloody dressings and is in disarray, and you are in need of airway equipment and numerous other supplies. You should:
A. have your partner quickly clean the ambulance as you proceed to the call.
B. advise the dispatcher that you are out of service and to send another unit.
C. proceed to the call, functioning only as an emergency medical responder.
D. quickly proceed to the call and clean and restock the ambulance afterwards.
B. advise the dispatcher that you are out of service and to send another unit.

The LEAST practical place to store a portable oxygen cylinder is:
A. on the ambulance stretcher.
B. inside the jump kit.
C. near the side or rear door.
D. in the driver’s compartment.
D. in the driver’s compartment.

The MOST common and usually the most serious ambulance crashes occur at:
A. railroad crossings.
B. stop signs.
C. intersections.
D. stop lights.
C. intersections.

For every emergency request, the dispatcher should routinely gather and record all of the following information, EXCEPT the:
A. patient’s medical history.
B. location of the patient(s).
C. nature of the call.
D. caller’s phone number.
A. patient’s medical history.

Maintaining a cushion of safety when operating an ambulance means:
A. remaining in the far right-hand lane when transporting a critical patient and refraining from passing other motorists on the left side.
B. keeping a safe distance between your ambulance and the vehicles in front of you and remaining aware of vehicles potentially hiding in your mirrors’ blind spots.
C. driving about 2 to 3 seconds behind any vehicles in front of you and exceeding the posted speed limit by no more than 20 to 25 mph.
D. driving at the posted speed limit, regardless of the patient’s condition, and routinely using your lights and siren when driving on a freeway.
B. keeping a safe distance between your ambulance and the vehicles in front of you and remaining aware of vehicles potentially hiding in your mirrors’ blind spots.

A type _____ ambulance features a conventional, truck cab-chassis with a modular ambulance body that can be transferred to a newer chassis as needed.
A. III
B. II
C. IV
D. I
D. I

During the transport phase of an ambulance call, it is MOST important to:
A. reassess unstable patients at least every 15 minutes.
B. complete the run form before arrival at the hospital.
C. reassess the patient only if he or she deteriorates.
D. converse with the patient and provide reassurance.
D. converse with the patient and provide reassurance.

A medical transport helicopter is incoming and you are responsible for setting up the landing zone (LZ). You should:
A. use yellow caution tape to mark of the LZ perimeter.
B. ask bystanders to stand at all four corners of the LZ.
C. use weighted cones to mark all four corners of the LZ.
D. place four flares 100 feet apart in an “X” pattern.
C. use weighted cones to mark all four corners of the LZ.

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Operators of emergency vehicles must drive with the safety of others in mind. This is known as​ driving: A. defensively. B. with emergency privilege. C. with due regard. D. as a public servant. C You have transported a stable patient …

What are the color of the runway markings and runway hold lines? white runway markings and yellow runway hold lines ____Are the portion of the airfield where aircraft or helicopters are parked before, after, or between flights, and for servicing …

Making quick decisions and assessing patients condition: when a paramedic is called over to a scene or an accident or emergency they need to make quick decisions because they are putting the patient’s life in danger if they don’t then …

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