Emergency public information.
Mass care and emergency assistance.
Health and medical services.
-Assigns responsibility to organizations and individuals.
-Sets forth lines of authority and organizational relationships and shows how all actions will be coordinated.
-Describes how people and property are protected.
-Identifies personnel, equipment, facilities, supplies, and other resources.
-Identifies steps to address mitigation concerns during response and recovery operations.
-Is flexible enough for use in all emergencies.
-Helps personnel and providers operate as a team in an emergency.
-Expedite the State in assisting local jurisdictions during major emergencies and disasters in which local response capabilities are overwhelmed.
-Enable the State to appoint liaisons with the Federal —
-Government in cases where Federal assistance is necessary and authorized.
How the local government will warn the public of an existing or impending emergency and communicate internally before, during, and after an event occurs.
-Emergency public information:
How government will communicate with the public before, during, and after an emergency occurs. Information on decisions about what to tell the public and when should be provided. This information is critical to ensuring confidence that the government is doing all it can to protect the public and control the situation.
-Mass care and emergency assistance: Where and for how long the public’s emergency needs, such as shelter and food distribution, will be met. What facilities will be available, what supplies will be stocked, and how the supplies will be distributed are all covered under mass care in the EOP.
-Health and medical services: How survivors will be cared for, where, and by whom are addressed in the health and medical portion of the EOP. Special issues, such as decontamination, must also be addressed for hazardous materials and terrorist events.
-Public protection: Plans for in-place sheltering or evacuation. What routes will be used if evacuation becomes necessary, special transportation or routing, and other issues dealing with emergency egress are all part of the evacuation portion of the EOP.
For example, Comprehensive Preparedness Guides (CPGs) provide flexible decision aids, tools, and templates that jurisdictions can use to assist with the development and integration of plans.
Apply across the whole community and contribute to achieving the National Preparedness Goal.
Provide a common and layered approach for synchronized planning at all levels.
Establish critical links that span across the five mission areas.
-Planning must include participation from all stakeholders in the community.
-Planning uses a logical and analytical problem-solving process.
-Planning considers all threats and hazards.
-Planning should be flexible enough to address both traditional and catastrophic incidents.
-Plans must clearly identify the mission and supporting goals.
-Planning depicts the anticipated environment for action.
-Planning does not need to start from scratch.
THIRA expands on existing local, tribal, territorial, and State Hazard Identification and Risk Assessments (HIRAs) and other risk methodologies by broadening the factors considered in the process, incorporating the whole community throughout the entire process, and accounting for important community-specific factors.
-Engages the whole community in establishing desired outcomes.
-Focuses on a jurisdiction’s unique threats and hazards.
-Supports emergency operations planning by establishing capability targets.
-Provides a basis for identifying resource gaps.
-Allows for assessment and reporting on preparedness.
Identifying the core planning team. In most jurisdictions, the emergency manager provides oversight of the planning team, although other government agencies or departments may have overlapping or complementary responsibilities. The involvement of executives from member agencies or departments is critical.
Engaging the whole community. Planning that is for the whole community and involves the whole community is crucial to the success of the plan. Effectively involving the community is a challenge, but community leaders provide keen insight into the community’s needs and capabilities.
-Assess the risk associated with those threats and hazards to help the planning team decide which ones merit special attention.
Goals are broad, general statements that indicate the intended solution to problems identified by planners when identifying threats/hazards and assessing risk in the previous step.
Objectives are specific actions that lead to achieving the identified goals of the plan. Objectives will be translated to activities and procedures.
The following screens present the content and format of a typical EOP.
-Purpose, Scope, Situation Overview, and Assumptions
-Concept of Operations
-Organization and Assignment of Responsibilities
-Direction, Control, and Coordination
-Information Collection, Analysis, and Dissemination
-Administration, Finance, and Logistics
-Plan Development and Maintenance
-Authorities and References
Each annex focuses on one function that the community has identified as being important during an emergency. The number and type of annexes will vary based on the community’s needs, capabilities, risks, and resources.
-Direction, Control, and Coordination
-External Affairs/Emergency Public Information
-Mass Care, Emergency Assistance, Housing, and Human Services
-Public Health and Medical Services
-Logistics Management and Resource Support
-Local, tribal, State, and Federal officials who need to coordinate the plan with their EOPs.
-Response personnel both inside and outside of the community who share responsibility for implementing the plan, reducing damage, and saving lives.
-The local community, which has expectations concerning the government’s role in an emergency and, collectively, is critical to the plan’s success.
-The best way to communicate the plan to personnel and response agencies that are responsible for implementing it is through training and exercising.
What they are supposed to do.
When they are to do it.
How they are to do it, including procedures for:
Accomplishing their task or mission.
Coordinating efforts with personnel within and outside of the agency.
Communicating needs and status.
Training can include a wide range of activities, from classroom training to on-the-job training to the use of checklists, worksheets, and job aids. The type and duration of the training selected depends on the frequency and complexity of the task to be trained.
________ will help to:
-Test and evaluate plans, policies, and procedures.
-Identify planning weaknesses.
-Identify resource gaps.
-Improve interagency coordination and communication.
-Clarify the roles and responsibilities of all who play any part in the response.
-Improve individual performance by providing an opportunity for responders and others to practice their assigned duties.
-Gain public recognition that the local government has taken steps to protect their safety—and gain the support of public officials who will support the response effort during an emergency.