Emergency Manager: 1 and 2

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The Constitution tasks the States with responsibility for
public health and safety―hence, they are responsible for public risks

Federal Government’s ultimate obligation in a emergency
to help when State, local, or individual entities are overwhelmed.

The overall goals of emergency management
1)First, to reduce the loss of life;
2) to minimize property loss and damage to the environment;
3)to protect the jurisdiction from all threats and hazards.

What Is Emergency Management?
The managerial function charged with creating the framework within which communities reduce vulnerability to threats/hazards and cope with disasters.

8 Emergency Management Principles
Comprehensive – Emergency managers consider and take into account all hazards, all phases, all stakeholders, and all impacts relevant to disasters.

Progressive – Emergency managers anticipate future disasters and take protective, preventive, and preparatory measures to build disaster-resistant and disaster-resilient communities.

Risk-Driven – Emergency managers use sound risk management principles (threat/hazard identification, risk analysis, and impact analysis) in assigning priorities and resources.

Integrated – Emergency managers ensure unity of effort among all levels of government and all elements of a community.

Collaborative – Emergency managers create and sustain broad and sincere relationships among individuals and organizations to encourage trust, advocate a team atmosphere, build consensus, and facilitate communication.

Coordinated – Emergency managers synchronize the activities of all relevant stakeholders to achieve a common purpose.

Flexible – Emergency managers use creative and innovative approaches in solving disaster challenges.

Professional – Emergency managers value a science- and knowledge-based approach based on education, training, experience, ethical practice, public stewardship, and continuous improvement.

what is
The Stafford Act
The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (Public Law 100-707) created the system in place today by which a Presidential disaster declaration triggers financial and physical assistance through FEMA.

The Stafford Act: powers
Covers all hazards, including natural disasters and terrorist events.

Provides primary authority for the Federal Government to respond to disasters and emergencies.

Gives FEMA responsibility for coordinating Government response efforts. The President’s authority is delegated to FEMA through separate mechanisms.

Describes the programs and processes by which the Federal Government provides disaster and emergency assistance to State and local governments, tribal nations, eligible private nonprofit organizations, and individuals affected by a declared major disaster or emergency.

Stafford Act: Definitions of Emergency and Major Disaster
In certain circumstances, the President may declare an “emergency” unilaterally, but may only declare a “major disaster” at the request of a Governor who certifies the State and affected local governments are overwhelmed.

Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act
Hurricane Katrina in August 2005 was the most devastating natural disaster in U.S. history. Gaps that became apparent in the response to that disaster led to the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006 (PKEMRA). PKEMRA significantly reorganized FEMA, provided it substantial new authority to remedy gaps in response, and included a more robust preparedness mission for FEMA. This act:

Sandy Recovery Improvement Act
On January 29, 2013, President Obama signed into law the Sandy Recovery Improvement Act of 2013 (P.L. 113-2) (SRIA). The law authorizes several significant changes to the way the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) may deliver disaster assistance under a variety of programs. In general, these provisions amend the Stafford Act with a stated goal of improving the efficiency and quality of disaster assistance provided by FEMA. Briefly, the amendments to the Stafford Act include:

National Preparedness Goal
presents an integrated, layered, and all-of-Nation approach to preparedness with an emphasis on building and sustaining core capabilities across five mission areas.

mission area

Protect against,

Mitigate the effects of,

Respond to, and

Recover from those threats that pose the greatest risk.

What Are Core Capabilities
The core capabilities are distinct critical elements necessary to meet the National Preparedness Goal. Core capabilities are essential for the execution of each mission area.

Three core capabilities that cut across all five mission areas:
2)Public Information and Warning
3)Operational Coordination

National Preparedness System
The National Preparedness System is an integrated set of guidance, programs, and processes that enables the whole community to achieve the National Preparedness Goal.

National Incident Management System (NIMS)
NIMS represents a core set of doctrines, concepts, principles, terminology, and organizational processes that enable effective, efficient, and collaborative incident management. NIMS integrates best practices into a comprehensive, standardized system t

five key areas of National Incident Management System (NIMS)

Communications and Information Management

Resource Management

Command and Management

Ongoing Management and Maintenance

Legal Duties of an Emergency Manager
Local emergency management ordinances.

State or tribal emergency management laws.

Standards such as NIMS and National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 1600.

Laws of general application (Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), civil rights, contract law, personnel law, government ethics law, etc.).

What the Community Expects
A safe and resilient community.

Effective response and recovery


Ethical conduct.

What Your Partners Expect


Effective communication

What Elected and Appointed Officials Expect
Keep them informed


Contribute to a positive public image

cost-effective programs, securing of grants, and ethical practices

Core Functions
critical to a successful emergency response.

Direction, control, and coordination



External affairs/Emergency public information

Population protection

Mass care, emergency assistance, housing, and human services

Public health and medical services

Logistics management and resource support

Pre-Incident Responsibilities:
Determine overall capabilities.

Plan for emergencies that may arise and keep the emergency operations plan (EOP) up to date.

Provide support and advice to elected officials in establishing and carrying out policy.

Educate the public.

Plan, develop, conduct, and evaluate training and exercises.

Identify resource needs and sources of resources.

Incident Response Responsibilities:
Establish and maintain a common understanding of the situation.

Coordinate with other agencies, jurisdictions, and levels of government on resource allocation, communications and information management, and public information.

Advise elected and appointed officials on policy.

Provide off-site support to the Incident Command (typically a small part of the emergency manager’s role).

Post-Incident and Recovery Responsibilities:
Initiate damage assessments.

Coordinate with agencies providing food and shelter.

Coordinate with agencies to restore essential services (power, roads, etc.).

Conduct the after-action evaluation and develop an improvement plan.

Determine how emergency management and response can be better integrated.

Fully document incident activities and related costs.

Ensure that all bills are paid.

Replenish supplies.

Initiate long-term recovery plans.

Implement mitigation plans.

Oversee long-term recovery efforts.

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