Emergency Care 13th Edition Chapter 9

Airway
The passageway by which air enters and leaves the body.

bronchoconstriction
bronchoconstriction
the contraction of smooth muscle that lines the bronchial passages that results in decreased internal diameter of the airway and increased resistance to airflow

gag reflex
vomiting or retching that results when something is placed in the back of the pharynx. This is tied to the swallow reflex.

head-tilt, chin-lift
head-tilt, chin-lift
A means of correcting blockage of the airway by the tongue by tilting the head back and lifting the chin. Used when no trauma, or injury, is suspected.

jaw-thrust maneuver
jaw-thrust maneuver
a means of correcting blockage of the airway by moving the jaw forward without tilting the head or neck. Used when trauma or injury is suspected to open the airway without causing further injury to the spinal cord in the neck.

nasopharyngeal airway
nasopharyngeal airway
a flexible breathing tube inserted through the patient’s nostril into the pharynx to help maintain an open airway

oropharyngeal airway
oropharyngeal airway
a curved device inserted through the patient’s mouth into the pharynx to help maintain an open airway

Patent airway
an airway that is open and clear and will remain open and clear without interference to the passage of air into and out of the body

stridor
stridor
a high-pitched sound generated from partially obstructed airflow in the upper airway

suctioning
suctioning
use of a vacuum device to remove blood, vomitus, and other secretions or foreign materials from the airway

wheezing
wheezing
a high-pitched sound generated by the narrowing of passages of the lower airway

alveolar ventilation the amount of air that reaches the alveoli artificial ventilation forcing air or oxygen into the lungs when a patient has stopped breathing or has inadequate breathing. Also called positive pressure ventilation WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY …

Body mechanics The proper use of the body to faciliate lifting and moving to prevent injury Power lift A lift from a squatting position with weight to be lifted close to the body, feet apart and flat on the ground, …

authorized by a medical director to give medications and provide emergency care. The transfer of such authorization is an extension of the Medical Director’s license to practice medicine. Designated Agent description of medical techniques or practices that are supported by …

anaphylaxis a life-threatening sensitivity to an antigen cardiac arrest same as sudden cardiac arrest(SCA) WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample convulsion same as seizure fainting sudden loss …

Acute airway obstruction Attend patient and make rapid assessment A. If patient unconscious/severe respiratory distress/respiratory arrest: 1. Tell nursing staff to call Code Blue 2. Move to head of bed 3. Perform chin lift, jaw thrust, head tilt 4. Clear …

Emergency medical care has developed from the days when the local funeral home provided ambulance service to the current, modern emergency medical services (EMS) system. Major improvements in emergency medical care over the years include all of the following EXCEPT: …

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