Emergency Care 13th Edition Chapter 5

Abdominal Quadrants
Abdominal Quadrants
Four divisions of the abdomen used to pinpoint the location of pain or injury.

Anatomic Position
Anatomic Position
The standard reference position for the body in the study of anatomy. In this position, the body is standing erect, facing the observer, with arms down at the sides and the palms of the hands forward.

Anatomy
The study of body structure.

Anterior
Anterior
The front of the body or body part.

Bilateral
On both sides.

Combining Form
A word root with an added vowel that can be joined with other words, roots, or suffixes to form a new word.

Compound
A word formed from two or more whole words.

Distal
Distal
Farthest away from the torso.

Dorsal
Dorsal
Referring to the back of the body or the back of the hand or foot. Synonym to posterior.

Fowler Position
Fowler Position
A sitting position.

Inferior
Inferior
Away from the head, usually compared with another structure that is closer to the head. (e.g. the lips are inferior to the nose.)

Lateral
Lateral
To the side, away from the midline of the body.

Medial
Medial
Toward the midline of the body.

Mid-axillary Line
Mid-axillary Line
A line vertically from the middle of the armpit to the ankle.

Mid-clavicular Line
Mid-clavicular Line
A line drawn through the center of each clavicle.

Midline
Midline
An imaginary line drawn down the enter of the body dividing it into right and left halves.

Palmar
Palmar
referring to the palm of the hand.

Physiology
Physiology
The study of body functions.

Plane
Plane
A flat surface formed when slicing through a solid object.

Plantar
Referring to the sole of the foot.

Posterior
The back of the body or body part.

Prefix
Word part added to the beginning of a root or word to modify or quantify its meaning.

Prone
Lying face down.

Proximal
Closer to the torso.

Recovery Position
Lying on the side. Also known as lateral recumbent position.

Root
Foundation of a word that is not a word that can stand on its own. (i.e. cardi)

Suffix
Word part added to the end of a root or word to complete its meaning. (i.e. -itis)

Superior
Toward the head.

Supine
Lying on the back.

Torso
The trunk of the body, or the body without the head and the extremities.

Unilateral
Limited to one side

Ventral
Referring to the front of the body. Synonym to anterior.

Behind the nose.
Postnasal

Inflammation of the stomach.
Gastritis

The study of the nervous system.
Neurology

Inflammation of the liver.
Hepatitis

Fast heart.
Tachycardia

Slow breathing.
Bradypnea

Inflammation of the nerves.
Neuritis

Broncho/pulmo
Lungs, root.

Cardi
Heart, root.

Gastro
Stomach, root

Hepat
Liver, root

Neur
Nerve, root

Nas
Nose/nasal, root

Or
Oral/mouth, root

Pneumo
Air or lungs, root

Ab-
Away from

Ad-
Toward or near

Ante-
before

Brady-
Slow/before normal

Contra-
Against

Dys-
Difficult or painful

Hyper-
Above normal, high

Hypo-
Below normal, low

Inter-
Between

Peri-
Around

Poly-
Many

Post-
After

Pre-
Before

Super/supra
Above or in excess

Tachy-
Above normal, rapid

Uni-
One

-ac
Pertaining to, hemopheliac

-algia
Pain

-itis
Inflammation

-ology
The study of

-plegia
Paralysis

-pnea
Breathing

-rrhea
Discharge

-spasm
Contraction

-al
Pertaining to

-ist
One who specializes in, Cardiologist

Body mechanics The proper use of the body to faciliate lifting and moving to prevent injury Power lift A lift from a squatting position with weight to be lifted close to the body, feet apart and flat on the ground, …

Airway The passageway by which air enters and leaves the body. bronchoconstriction the contraction of smooth muscle that lines the bronchial passages that results in decreased internal diameter of the airway and increased resistance to airflow WE WILL WRITE A …

Contamination The introduction of dangerous chemicals, disease, or infectious material into an area or persons which has not been previously affected by said agent. Critical Incident Stress Management A comprehensive system that includes education and resources to both prevent stress …

alveolar ventilation the amount of air that reaches the alveoli artificial ventilation forcing air or oxygen into the lungs when a patient has stopped breathing or has inadequate breathing. Also called positive pressure ventilation WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY …

compound a word formed from two or more whole words. ie: small + pox = smallpox root foundation of a word that is not a word that can stand on its own. ie: “therm-” means “heat” WE WILL WRITE A …

authorized by a medical director to give medications and provide emergency care. The transfer of such authorization is an extension of the Medical Director’s license to practice medicine. Designated Agent description of medical techniques or practices that are supported by …

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