Emergency Care 13th Edition Chapter 14

closed-ended questions
closed-ended questions
a question requiring only a “yes” or “no” answer.

crepitation
the grating sound or feeling of broken bones rubbing together.

detailed physical exam
an assessment of the head, neck, chest, abdomen, pelvis, extremities, and posterior of the body to detect signs and symptoms of injury. It differs from the rapid trauma assessment only in that it also includes examination of the face, ears, eyes, nose, and mouth during the examination of the head.

diagnosis
diagnosis
a description or label for the patient’s condition that assists a clinician in further evaluation and treatment.

differential diagnosis
a list of potential diagnoses compiled early in the assessment of the patient.

distention
distention
a condition of being stretched, inflated, or larger than normal.

history of the present illness (HPI)
information gathered regarding the symptoms and nature of the patient’s current concern.

jugular vein distention (JVD)
jugular vein distention (JVD)
bulging out of the neck veins.

medical patient
medical patient
a patient with one or more medical diseases or conditions.

open-ended question
a question requiring more than just a “yes” or “no” answer.

OPQRST
a memory aid in which the letters stand for questions asked to get a description of the present illness: onset, provocation, quality, radiation, severity, and time.

paradoxical motion
paradoxical motion
movement of a part of the chest in the opposite direction to the rest of the chest during respiration.

past medical history (PMI)
information gathered regarding the patient’s health problems in the past.

priapism
persistent erection of the penis that may result from spinal injury and some medical problems.

rapid trauma assessment
a rapid assessment of the head, neck, chest, abdomen, pelvis, extremities, and posterior of the body to detect signs and symptoms of injury.

reassessment
a procedure for detecting changes in a patient’s condition. It involves four steps: repeating the primary assessment, repeating and recording vital signs, repeating the physical exam, and checking interventions.

SAMPLE
a memory aid in which the letters stand for elements of the past medical history, signs and symptoms, allergies, medications, pertinent past history, last oral intake, and events leading to the injury or illness.

sign
sign
something regarding the patient’s condition that you can see.

stoma
a permanent surgical opening in the neck through which the patient breathes.

symptom
symptom
something regarding the patient’s condition that the patient tells you.

tracheostomy
tracheostomy
a surgical incision held open by a metal or plastic tube.

trauma patient
trauma patient
a patient suffering from one or more physical injuries.

trending
changes in a patient’s condition over time, such as slowing respirations or rising pulse rate, that may show improvement.

Airway The passageway by which air enters and leaves the body. bronchoconstriction the contraction of smooth muscle that lines the bronchial passages that results in decreased internal diameter of the airway and increased resistance to airflow WE WILL WRITE A …

Multiple-trauma patient more than one serious injury Multisystem-trauma patient One or more injuries serious enough to affect more than one body system WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my …

Contamination The introduction of dangerous chemicals, disease, or infectious material into an area or persons which has not been previously affected by said agent. Critical Incident Stress Management A comprehensive system that includes education and resources to both prevent stress …

part 1 steps to scene size-up 1. standart precautions 2. scene hazards personal/patient/bystander protection 3. mechanism and nature medical/trauma 4. number of patients 5. need for additional resources at scene part 2 steps primary assessment follows scene size up to …

auscultation listening. A stethoscope is used to auscultate for characteristic sounds. blood pressure the force of blood against the walls of the blood vessels. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE …

Abdominal Quadrants Four divisions of the abdomen used to pinpoint the location of pain or injury. Anatomic Position The standard reference position for the body in the study of anatomy. In this position, the body is standing erect, facing the …

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