Elbow flexion

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

The four segments are the anatomic neck, the surgical neck, and the two tuberosities (greater and lesser). One part: minimal angulation (less than 45 degrees) and minimal displacement (less than 1 cm) of the fracture fragments. Any of the four portions of the proximal humerus may be fractured. Neer two-part fractures: three nondisplaced and one displaced fracture fragment. Neer three-part fractures are those with two displaced and two nondisplaced fracture fragments. The lesser or greater tuberosity must be involved.

Neer four-part fractures are those in which three fracture fragments are displaced. Avascular necrosis is common with these types of fractures. FAT PAD SIGN Fat pad sign, soft tissue swelling with elevation and displacement of the anterior intracapsular fat pads in the elbow. Any intra-articular process that is associated with a mass or fluid may produce this sign, but its presence should raise the suspicion of a fracture in persons with elbow injuries effusion, haemarthrosis or synovitis

Ant fat pads may be normal. POST fat pad always abnormal! RADIOCAPITELLAR LINE The radiocapitellar line refers to a line extending through the longitudinal axis of the radius on a lateral projection. This line should pass through the centre of the capitellum regardless of the degree of elbow flexion. If it does not, dislocation of the elbow or of the radial head should be suspected.

ANTERIOR HUMERAL LINE The anterior humeral line is drawn along the anterior aspect of the humeral shaft on the lateral radiograph. This line passes through the middle one third of the capitellum in bones that are not injured. Only true lateral views should be used to assess this line. A supracondylar fracture changes the anterior humeral line as it passes through the anterior one third or entirely anterior to the capitellum (Figure 10).

DoseAdvantagesCautionsEtomidate0.3 mg/kgGood for low blood pressure; okay in hypovolemia Nausea and vomiting on emergenceKetamine1.5 mg/kgGood for low blood pressure, hypovolemia; good in asthmaCaution in elevated intracranial pressure or heart diseasePropofol2 – 2.5 mg/kgRapid onset and recoveryCaution if hypovolemic or risk of hypotensionThiopental mg/kgMultiple drug interactions; caution if hypovolemic or risk of hypotension Administer a precalculated dose of a paralytic agent.

Dose Characteristics Cautions Succinylcholine1 – 1.5 mg/kgRapid onset, rapid recovery; fasciculationContraindicated in hyperkalemia, crush injury, renal failure, extensive burns, elevated intracranial or intraocular pressureRocuronium0.6 – 1.2 mg/kgNo fasciculationLonger acting-may be problematic if intubation attempt failsVecuronium0.08 – 0.1 mg/kgAtracurium0.4 – 0.5 mg/kg: an abnormal heart rhythm marked by the occurrence of three distinct sounds in each heartbeat like the sound of a galloping horse S3 is the sound of the blood rushing into the ventricle and striking the muscular wall as the ventricle fills passively in relaxation after the pumping stroke is finished. S4 is the thump made by the contraction of the atria Suggests CARDIAC FAILURE, Left Ventricular dysfunction, elevated bNP, LVEF < 50%, Primary valvular disease with elevated filling pressures.

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Elbow anatomy What are the major ligaments of the elbow? 1. *the ulnar collateral ligaments*. -the anterior, posterior, and …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Arm bone between elbow joint and shoulder joint Forearm bones between elbow joint and wrist WE WILL WRITE A …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Name the parts of the Radius, starting most proximal Proximal: radial head, radial neck, radial tuberosity, Medial:radial shaft Distal: …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy What is an acceptable reduction for a radial neck fracture in terms of angulation in a Pediatric population? < ...

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy shoulder? pain doesn’t cross elbow if pain crosses elbow = cervical spine involvement muscle atrophy? due to nerve entrapment …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Bones of the elbow (3) humerus, radius, ulna Joints of the elbow (3) -humero-ulnar joint (HUJ) -humero-radial joint (HRJ) …

David from Healtheappointments:

Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one? Check it out https://goo.gl/chNgQy