DOC (Pharmacology)

Epinephrine
1st line cardiac stimulant, anaphylactic shock

Norepinephrine
1st line inotropic agent in the Mx of septic shock

Dobutamine
1st line drug for cardiogenic shock and acute heart failure

Salbutamol/Albuterol
1st line bronchodilator in acute asthma attacks

Loratadine
Only antihistamine allowed for pilots (1)

Phexophenadine
Only antihistamine allowed for pilots (2)

Mephenidate
DOC for ADHD

Amphetamine
Alternative for ADHD

Phenoxybenzamine
DOC for Carcinoid Syndrome

Beta blockers
1st line drug for HTN esp. if with prior Hx of MI

Beta Blockers
DOC for CSAP (Chronic Stable Angina Pectoris)

Atropine
DOC for cholinergic toxicity

Pralidoxime, Diacetyl Monoxide, Atropine
DOC for OrganoPO4 poisoning

Ipratropium, Oxytropium, Tiotropium
DOC Bronchodilator for COPD

Dantrolene
DOC Malignant hyperthermia

Sucralfate
DOC for stress-induced ulcer in critically-ill patients

Methotrexate
1st line DMARDS in RA

Colchicine
1st line Tx in in acute gout and initial management of chronic gout

Aspirin 325 mg/day
1st line in the primary and secondary prevention of acute thrombotic events

Allopurinol
1st line hypourcermic agent in chronic gout

-statins
1st line in hypercholesterolemia

Fibrates
1st line in hyperglyceridemia

Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
1st line in open angled glaucoma

Thiazide diuretics
1st line Tx in HTN (as monotherapy or combination therapy) and in nephrogenic diabetes insipidus

Na Nitroprusside
1st line in HTNsive emergencies

ACE inhibitors
Base Tx component of CHF

ACE inhibitors
1st line Mx of HTN in CKD and DM Px

ACE Inhibitors
1st line for albuminuria

Amyl nitrite
Initial Mx of CN- poisoning

Lidocaine
1st line in ventricular tachycardia assoc. with digitalis toxicity and post-MI

Amiodarone
1st line in ventricular tachycardia

Adenosine
1st line in acute supraventricular tachycardia

MgSO4
1st line in Torsades de Pointes

SABA
1st line reliever in BA and alternative reliever in COPD

LABA
1st line controller (with inhaled GC) for COPD

Locally-acting inhaled GC
1st line controller for BA

Systemic GC
1st line in status asthmaticus

Levothyroxine
1st line in hypothyroidism

Levo-T3
1st line in myxedema coma

Thinamides (PTU, methimazole, carbimazole)
1st line in hyperthyroidism

Perchlorate
DOC in amiodarone-induced hyperthyroidism

Metformin
1st line initial Tx of Type 2 DM esp. among obese Px

Lithium
1st line Tx and prevention of bipolar disorder

Lorazepam
DOC for Status Epilepticus

Isoflurane
Preferred anesthetic in neurosurgery

Diazepam
DOC to prevent and arrest convulsion in anesthetic toxicity

Pen G (2.4M U IM)
DOC for syphilis

Metronidazole
Pseudomembranous colitis

Streptomycin
2nd line gor TB, for multidrug resistant TB

Co-trimoxazole
DOC for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia

Dapsone, Rifampin, Clofazimine
WHO Triple Tx for lepromatous type of leprosy

Dapsone, Rifampin
DOC for tuberculoid type of leprosy

Amphotericin B
Systemic Mycoses

Nystatin
DOC for mucocutaneous candidiasis

Ketoconazole
DOC for systemic candidiasis

Clindamycin
DOC for recurrent Group A Beta Hemolytic Streptococcus pharyngitis

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(Type of drug:) Nitroglycerin (Type of drug:) Vasodilator. (Mechanism of Action:) Nitroglycerin (Mechanism of Action:) Dilates coronary arteries and veins, improves blood flow. Decreases oxygen demand of the heart. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY …

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First-Pass Effect Drug absorbed from GI tract and carried to the liver through portal circulation. Some drugs extensively metablized by liver. Only part of drug reaches systemic circulation for distribution theses types of drugs should not be administered PO (lidocaine/some …

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