Superiority of this theory consideration would be incomplete without talking about various criticisms presently referred as Freud wars. Ofra and Hanoch (2009) point out that psychoanalytic theory can only be said to be pseudoscience because major claims attached to it are neither testable nor refutable; therefore they cannot be falsified. Then, Joanna (2005) claims that psychoanalytic theory lacks the empirical clinical evidence like that depicted by others such as social cognitive theory and operant conditioning.
However, application with high efficiency in addressing psychological disorders as Ofra and Hanoch (2009) further point out appears to greatly outweigh the critics. Conclusion and recommendations It is from the above discussion that this paper concludes by supporting the thesis statement, ‘psychoanalytic theory forms the strongest of all theories because the rest are largely derived from it and provides a holistic understanding of human development at different stages which makes it highly effective when applied in various therapies.
’ It came out from the discussion that psychoanalytic theory is the main baseline upon which key latter theories in psychological and personality development are based on. Particularly, later theorists used the notion of Freud’s consideration for conscious and unconscious mind to develop their theories. Indeed, even those who strongly criticized Freudian work could not deviate from using some of his theoretical delineations.
In its application on different therapies, psychoanalytic theory superseded other theories by giving major results as per the expectations of the psychologists. It further came out that though many therapists do not purely employ psychoanalytic theory to their patients; it is assimilated at one instance of another in deriving better understanding of the problem and establishing more workable solutions. Though the critiques indeed have a strong case against the theory and application of related therapies, the results speak for themselves.
Its wide acceptance by more psychologists indicates not only its ability to create better understanding of the psychological problems, but forms a baseline for application with highly definite results. However, there is need for further research into the theory and application in psychology. References Adam, D. (2008). Psychoanalytic and psychodynamic therapies: the state of the art. Psychiatry, 7(5)212-216. Adolf, G. (2007). The Reception of My Freud-Critique in the Psychoanalytic Literature. Psychoanalytic Psychology, Volume 24(3)545-576. Alan, R. (2006).
Across Civilizations: Psychoanalytic Therapy with Asians And Asian Americans. Psychotherapy: Theory/Research/Practice/Training, 43(4)454-463. Barbara, E. (2008). Personality Theories. New York: Cengage Learning. Busch, F. (2009). I Love You, That’s Why I Ignore You. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 26(3) 335-342 Brickman, S. (2009). “OBJECT”? I OBJECT. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 26(4)402-414. Clara, E. , Jingqing, L. , Patricia, S. , Wonjin, S. & Michele, S. (2008). Working With Dreams In Psychotherapy: What Do Psychoanalytic Therapists Report That They Do?
Psychoanalytic Psychology, 25(4)565-573. Gottdiener, W. (2008). Introduction to Symposium on Psychoanalytic Research of Substance Use Disorders. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 25(3)458-460. Hayes, S. (2004). Acceptance and commitment therapy, relational frame theory, and the third wave of behavioral and cognitive therapies. Behavior Therapy, 35(4)639-665. Henry, M. (2009). On The Longing for Home. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 26(2)191-205. Horney, K. (2008). New Ways in Psychoanalysis. Washington: Read Books.