CPR/AED

Which of the following would you identify as the universal sign that a conscious person is choking?

Clutching the throat

Coughing

Inability to speak or cry

Yelling out “I’m choking”

Clutching the throat

As you are giving ventilations with a resuscitation mask, the victim vomits. Which of the following would you do first?

Clear the airway of the vomit immediately.

Reposition the victim’s head to reopen the airway.

Turn the victim as a unit onto his or her side.

Use greater force when ventilating to bypass the vomit

Turn the victim as a unit onto his or her side.

You are providing care to a conscious infant who is choking. When giving chest thrusts, which of the following would you use?

Fist of the hand

Heel of the hand

Two hands

Two or three fingers

Two or three fingers

You determine that a victim is unconscious but breathing. While waiting with the victim for more advanced medical personnel, you would position the victim:

Face-up

In a modified high arm in endangered spine (H.A.IN.E.S.) recovery position.

On his or her abdomen

On his or her side

Face-up

While preparing to use an automated external defibrillator (AED) on a victim, you notice a medication patch on the victim’s chest. Which action is most appropriate?

Applying one of the pads directly over the patch

Removing the patch with a gloved hand

Placing one pad on the victim’s chest and the other on his or her back

Wiping the victim’s chest dry, avoiding the patch

Removing the patch with a gloved hand

You are giving ventilations to a 5-year-old child using a resuscitation mask. You should give 1 ventilation about every:

1 second

2 seconds

3 seconds

5 seconds

3 seconds

Which of the following statements about bag-valve-mask resuscitators (BVMs) is most accurate?

Bag-valve-mask resuscitators (BVMs) are readily available at all emergency scenes.

Monitoring the victim for full exhalation is not required.

Two rescuers need to operate the bagvalve- mask resuscitators BVM.

When used by a single rescuer, bag-valve-mask resuscitators BVMs allow easy coordination with chest compressions.

Two rescuers need to operate the bagvalve- mask resuscitators BVM.

When giving chest compressions to an adult, how would you position your hands?

Side-by-side at the middle of the victim’s chest

Encircling the chest with the thumbs centered at the nipple line

Heel of one hand on the center of the chest with the other hand on top

Three fingers of one hand on the chest with the palm of the other on top

Heel of one hand on the center of the chest with the other hand on top

You are performing CPR on a victim and you notice that the victim’s chest begins to rise and fall. Which of the following would you do first?

Continue to perform CPR.

Place the victim face-down to maintain the airway.

Stop chest compressions but continue ventilations.

Stop CPR and monitor the victim’s condition.

Stop CPR and monitor the victim’s condition.

When using a resuscitation mask, which of the following should you do?

Blow into the mask for at least 2 seconds to give ventilations.

Cover the nose completely with the mask with the bottom edge at the upper lip.

Hold the mask at the one-way valve to seal it.

Place the broad end of the mask between the lower lip and chin.

Place the broad end of the mask between the lower lip and chin.

You are performing CPR on a victim and a second rescuer arrives. Which of the following is most appropriate for the second rescuer to do first?

Begin giving ventilations to the victim.

Call for a change in position to assist with CPR.

Check to see whether more advanced medical personnel have been called.

Have the first rescuer stop CPR to allow for victim reassessment.

Check to see whether more advanced medical personnel have been called

Which of the following findings would lead you to determine that an infant’s airway is open?

The infant is crying uncontrollably.

The infant is not breathing.

The infant is unable to speak.

The infant’s chest fails to rise and fall.

The infant is crying uncontrollably.

During a primary assessment, which of the following should you evaluate first?

Airway

Breathing

Circulation

Responsiveness

Responsiveness

When providing care, which of the following is the most important measure to prevent the spread of bloodborne pathogens?

Checking with the victim to see whether he or she has any infectious diseases

Using disposable supplies such as bandages and dressings instead of gloves

Using personal protective equipment (PPE) during care

Washing your hands only before providing care

Using personal protective equipment (PPE) during care

Based on which of the following signs and symptoms would you determine that a victim is experiencing respiratory distress?

Audible high-pitched gurgling

Complaints of feeling “really thirsty”

Sneezing with watery eyes

Yellowish skin

Audible high-pitched gurgling

You and another rescuer find an unconscious adult on the floor. The other rescuer goes to summon more advanced medical personnel. You complete a primary assessment and find that the victim has a pulse but is not breathing. Which of the following should you do next?

Give 1 ventilation about every 5 seconds

Give the victim back blows and chest thrusts

Perform a finger sweep of the victim’s mouth

Perform CPR

Give 1 ventilation about every 5 seconds

As the only rescuer performing CPR on a 7-year-old child, you would perform cycles of:

15 chest compressions and 1 ventilation.

20 chest compressions and 1 ventilation.

25 chest compressions and 2 ventilations.

30 chest compressions and 2 ventilations.

30 chest compressions and 2 ventilations.

An automated external defibrillator (AED) indicates that “No shock is advised.” Which of the following is most appropriate to do next?

Monitor the victim’s airway and breathing.

Perform CPR for about 2 minutes.

Readjust the pad placement on the victim.

Turn off the automated external defibrillator (AED) for 5 seconds and try again.

Perform CPR for about 2 minutes

You are providing care to an adult who is unconscious and not breathing. You give 1 ventilation during CPR and notice that the chest does not rise. Which of the following should you do next?

Change the position of the mask, then look for chest movement.

Blow into the mask more forcefully, then look for the chest to rise.

Give 5 back blows, then check the victim’s mouth.

Retilt the head, then attempt another ventilation.

Retilt the head, then attempt another ventilation.

You and a fellow rescuer are giving ventilations using a bag-valve-mask resuscitator (BVM). You position the mask over the victim’s mouth and nose. What should the other reponder do?

Ensure that the mask is sealed.

Open the airway with the thumbs.

Position fingers behind the jawbone.

Squeeze the bag with both hands.

Squeeze the bag with both hands.

You and another rescuer are performing CPR on an adult. You determine that there is no breathing or pulse and state, “Victim has no pulse. Begin CPR.” Which of the following should the other rescuer do next?

Check for breathing.

Begin chest compressions.

Give 2 ventilations.

Open the airway.

Begin chest compressions.

Which of the following is most essential to use when giving ventilations to protect you and the victim from disease transmission?

CPR breathing barriers

Protective clothing

Gowns

Protective eyeware

CPR breathing barriers

Which of the following should you do first when approaching the scene of an emergency?

Complete a primary assessment.

Obtain the victim’s consent to provide care.

Size-up the scene.

Summon more advanced medical personnel.

Size-up the scene.

To ensure effective chest compressions during CPR, which of the following is most appropriate?

Allowing the chest to fully recoil between compressions

Compressing the chest to a shallow depth

Placing the victim on a soft, flat surface

Positioning the hands at the upper part of the victim’s chest

Allowing the chest to fully recoil between compressions

When using an automated external defibrillator (AED), which of the following should you do immediately after attaching the automated external defibrillator (AED) pads to the victim’s chest?

Push the “Analyze” button.

Tell everyone to stand clear.

Turn on the automated external defibrillator (AED).

Wipe the victim’s chest dry.

Tell everyone to stand clear.

You are summoned to a store parking lot where a man has collapsed. The victim appears to be unconscious. After sizing up the scene and determine the scene is safe, what should you do next?
Check the victim for signs of life (movement and breathing).

A woman collapses in front of you. You size up the scene and then check the victim for consciousness. She does not respond. what should you do next?
Check the victim for signs of life (movement and breathing).

You should immediately summon advanced medical personnel for:
-suspected spinal injury
-status epilepticus
-open wounds with several organs protruding through the wound
-severe bleeding

A person has been injured and is conscious. You should do these 3 things
-obtain consent
-check the victim for life-threatening conditions
-speak with the victim to find out what happened

A 12 year old boy at a swim meet grabs his chest and begins to make wheezing noises. After you obtain consent to provide care, his mother informs you that he has a history of asthma, but does not have his inhaler nearby. you should…
summon EMS and place the victim into a position that helps breathing

Chest compressions for an adult should be performed at a rate of:
rate of at least 100 compressions per minute

While dining at a local restaurant, a child suddenly clutches his throat with both hands. You ask him if he is choking and he frantically nods yes. You obtain consent and sending someone to summon advanced medical personnel. What should you do next?
Stand or kneel behind the victim and give 5 back blows and 5 abdominal thrusts.

For a conscious child who is choking, where do you position your hands to give abdominal thrusts?
In the middle of the abdomen just above the navel.

u and another rescuer find an unconscious adult on the floor. The other rescuer goes to summon more advanced medical personnel. You complete a primary assessment and find that the victim has no pulse and is not breathing. Which of the following should you do next?
Begin CPR

To check if the victim is breathing, you should:

• Listen for exhaled air
• Watch for chest rise and fall
• Feel for exhaled air
• All of the above

All of the above

After positioning the infant for cpr, you begin cycles of:
5 compressions and 1 breath

You notice a person sweating and having difficulty breathing. You ask them if they are ok and they say no. The have had chest pain for 5 minutes. What could he be experiencing?

Upset stomach

Indigestion

Heart attack

Respiratory distress

Heart attack

When two rescuers are available to give cpr together, the first rescuer should-

Check the victims breathing and circulation while the second rescuer performs the head-tilt/chin-lift method using a resuscitation mask.

Perform an initial assessment while the other rescuer locates the correct position for chest compressions.

Begin rescue breathing and chest compressions while the second person performs a secondary assessment

Check the victims breathing while the second check for circulation

Perform an initial assessment while the other rescuer locates the correct position for chest compressions.

Professional rescuers should continue care until-

EMS takes over

The victims condition worsens.

The scene is safe

Someone with lesser training comes and helps

EMS takes over

An electrical shock delivered to the heart to correct certain abnormal heart rhythms is known as?
Defibrillation

AED pads for an adult should be placed where?
upper right chest
and lower left side of chest

Why is it important to stand clear and not touch the person before delivering a shock with an AED? 3 things
-AED may not deliver enough electrical energy

-You or someone else could be injured by the shock

-You might prevent the AED from analyzing the heart rhythm properly

Which of the following statements about defibrillation is true?
It is an electric shock that may help the heart to resume an effective rhythm to a person in sudden cardiac arrest

A women burned her hand in the lunch room. You should
Cool the burn with running water,
Cover burn with loosely dressing, and remove her from the burn.

When caring for a person who is having a seizure you should?
Remove nearby objects that might cause injury

What sudden illness is usually caused by a blockage of blood flow to the brain?
Stroke

Care for a person with heat exhaustion
Get the person out of the heat and into a cooler place

what identifies the progression that heat-related illnesses can follow from least to severe
Heat cramps, heat exhaustion, heat stroke

How should you care for someone with minor frostbite on the fingers
-Get the person to a warm environment
-rewarm his or her hands using skin to skin contact

When caring for a person who is actively bleeding from a wound you should?
-Apply dirct pressure to the wound
-then apply a pressure bandage

What signs should you look for to determine if a person is bleeding internally?
-nausea
-pain in her abdomen
-extremely thirsty
-breathing rapidly
-skin is pale and moist

How do you care for a person with a possible head, neck, or spinal injury
Support the head in the position you find it do not try to align it

In stroke recognition, FAST means
face, arm, speech, and time

You suspect a person is having a severe allergic reaction to a bee sting and is having trouble breathing, what should you do?
Call 911 immediately and care for the person until EMS personnel take over

If you suspect that a conscious person has been poisoned who do you call?
Poison Control Center

For each minute CPR and defibrillation are delayed, the victim’s chance for survival is reduced by about?
10%

If someone does not give consent, what do you do?
Call 9-1-1

Move the injured person only if she’s in ______ or if you need to move her to provide first aid or CPR. Move her if you can do so safely.
danger

You are giving care to a person in shock. What do you do?
Helping the person rest in the most comfortable position possible

You are considering the administration of aspirin for a heart attack victim. What questions should you ask the victim before doing so?
Has he had history of heart disease?

What did you recently have to eat or drink?

What was he was doing when the pain started?

The primary way the viruses HIV, HBV and HCV are transmitted from victim to rescuer
during a first aid situation is through
Blood transmission

You come across a person who is on his/her back and may have a neck injury. How do you
open the airway?
Place person in modified recovery position

First aid care for hypothermia involves
-looking for symptoms such as shivering, numbness, glassy stare, etc.
-Call 911 immediately
-move to warm place and remove wet clothes.
-Gradually warm the body by wrapping in blankets.
-In severe hypothermia, perform CPR and continue to warm until EMS arrives.

When an insect leaves a stinger in a person’s skin
it keeps pumping poison

You are thinking about calling 911 for an ambulance when dealing with a conscious victim
Call 911, tell them we have a conscious adult here who says they (condition). Ask for ambulance, make sure of our location, and check back with me after you make the call.

Tetanus
-is a severe infection that can result from a puncture or deep cut.
-prevent tetaunus from immunizations

You are caring for a bleeding wound that continues to bleed significantly even after you
have applied a bandage; you should
apply an additional pressure bandage to absorb the blood and elevate the wound.

Fainting is caused by
decreased blood flow to the brain

To control a nosebleed
– Sit with head slightly forward while pinching the nostrils together for about 10 minutes
– Apply an ice pack to the bridge of the nose

What is the “recovery position”?
Rolling person on side
Place hand under face
Place one knee on top of the other

You have just pulled an unconscious adult out of a swimming pool — an apparent drowning
victim
-Give 2 rescue breaths
-Get help from a trained responder

Which of the following signs indicate that a victim might be in shock?
– Altered level of consciousness
-Nausea or vomiting
-Pale, ashen-gray, cool, moist skin
-Rapid breathing and pulse
-Excessive thirst

Heat Stroke
-least common but most severe heart-related illness
-develops when the body systems are overwhelmed by heat and begin to stop functioning

When giving a rescue breath to an adult, you should give the breath over a period of
1 second

How often should you stop and check for breathing while performing CPR on an adult?
Never

CPR on a child consists
30 chest compressions and 2 breathes, then continue cycles.

About how often should you stop and check for signs of life when performing rescue breathing on a child?
About every 2 minutes

Where should you position a conscious choking infant’s head?
Face-down, with the infant’s head lower than his or her chest

The most common method for treating an asthma attack is through the taking of
medication
Inhalation

RICE
Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation

A person has had a finger completely severed from the hand
-Call 911
-Wrap the finger in sterile gauze or clean material
-Place part in a plastic bag and keep it cool

You have been bitten by a black widow spider
-An antivenin is available for black widow bites
-other treatment may be needed as well.

Anaphylactic Shock
-air passages swell and restrict a person’s breathing
-Anaphylaxis can be brought on when a person with an allergy comes into contact with allergens via insect stings, food, medications, and other substances.

Causes of cardiac arrest in children include:
-airway and breathing problems
-traumatic injury or an accident
-hard blow to the chest
-congenital heart disease

A young child is having a febrile seizure. You should
-Prevent injury
-Protect the person’s airway
-Make sure the airway is open after the seizure has ended

When giving abdominal thrusts to an adult, where should you position your fist? In the middle of the abdomen, just above the navel. Which of the following findings would lead you to determine that an infant’s airway is open? The …

The main benefit of changing the BLS sequence of steps is that rescuers can start chest compressions sooner The first link in the AHA adult chain of survival is immediate recognition of cardiac arrest and activation of the emergency response …

Each yr. how many people suffer a non fatal injury serious enough to need medical attention? 1 in 4 What is First-Aid intended for? The immediate care given to a person who has been injured or suddenly I’ll ill WE …

You are a member of the emergency response team for your hospital and are called to a code blue. You arrive to find one of your colleagues leading a resuscitation attempt to an elderly patient. You notice that the person …

CPR should be performed on which of the following victims? One who is in cardiac arrest What is the first step of the Cardiac Chain of Survival? Early recognition and access to the emergency medical services (EMS) system WE WILL …

When responding to an emergency, you should: follow appropriate procedures Click on the boxes to indicate the sequence of steps you should take upon arriving at the scene of an accident: First: Second: Third: Fourth: 1. Check the scene for …

David from Healtheappointments:

Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one? Check it out https://goo.gl/chNgQy