Clutching the throat
Inability to speak or cry
Yelling out “I’m choking”
Clear the airway of the vomit immediately.
Reposition the victim’s head to reopen the airway.
Turn the victim as a unit onto his or her side.
Use greater force when ventilating to bypass the vomit
Fist of the hand
Heel of the hand
Two or three fingers
In a modified high arm in endangered spine (H.A.IN.E.S.) recovery position.
On his or her abdomen
On his or her side
Applying one of the pads directly over the patch
Removing the patch with a gloved hand
Placing one pad on the victim’s chest and the other on his or her back
Wiping the victim’s chest dry, avoiding the patch
Bag-valve-mask resuscitators (BVMs) are readily available at all emergency scenes.
Monitoring the victim for full exhalation is not required.
Two rescuers need to operate the bagvalve- mask resuscitators BVM.
When used by a single rescuer, bag-valve-mask resuscitators BVMs allow easy coordination with chest compressions.
Side-by-side at the middle of the victim’s chest
Encircling the chest with the thumbs centered at the nipple line
Heel of one hand on the center of the chest with the other hand on top
Three fingers of one hand on the chest with the palm of the other on top
Continue to perform CPR.
Place the victim face-down to maintain the airway.
Stop chest compressions but continue ventilations.
Stop CPR and monitor the victim’s condition.
Blow into the mask for at least 2 seconds to give ventilations.
Cover the nose completely with the mask with the bottom edge at the upper lip.
Hold the mask at the one-way valve to seal it.
Place the broad end of the mask between the lower lip and chin.
Begin giving ventilations to the victim.
Call for a change in position to assist with CPR.
Check to see whether more advanced medical personnel have been called.
Have the first rescuer stop CPR to allow for victim reassessment.
The infant is crying uncontrollably.
The infant is not breathing.
The infant is unable to speak.
The infant’s chest fails to rise and fall.
Checking with the victim to see whether he or she has any infectious diseases
Using disposable supplies such as bandages and dressings instead of gloves
Using personal protective equipment (PPE) during care
Washing your hands only before providing care
Audible high-pitched gurgling
Complaints of feeling “really thirsty”
Sneezing with watery eyes
Give 1 ventilation about every 5 seconds
Give the victim back blows and chest thrusts
Perform a finger sweep of the victim’s mouth
15 chest compressions and 1 ventilation.
20 chest compressions and 1 ventilation.
25 chest compressions and 2 ventilations.
30 chest compressions and 2 ventilations.
Monitor the victim’s airway and breathing.
Perform CPR for about 2 minutes.
Readjust the pad placement on the victim.
Turn off the automated external defibrillator (AED) for 5 seconds and try again.
Change the position of the mask, then look for chest movement.
Blow into the mask more forcefully, then look for the chest to rise.
Give 5 back blows, then check the victim’s mouth.
Retilt the head, then attempt another ventilation.
Ensure that the mask is sealed.
Open the airway with the thumbs.
Position fingers behind the jawbone.
Squeeze the bag with both hands.
Check for breathing.
Begin chest compressions.
Give 2 ventilations.
Open the airway.
CPR breathing barriers
Complete a primary assessment.
Obtain the victim’s consent to provide care.
Size-up the scene.
Summon more advanced medical personnel.
Allowing the chest to fully recoil between compressions
Compressing the chest to a shallow depth
Placing the victim on a soft, flat surface
Positioning the hands at the upper part of the victim’s chest
Push the “Analyze” button.
Tell everyone to stand clear.
Turn on the automated external defibrillator (AED).
Wipe the victim’s chest dry.
-open wounds with several organs protruding through the wound
-check the victim for life-threatening conditions
-speak with the victim to find out what happened
• Listen for exhaled air
• Watch for chest rise and fall
• Feel for exhaled air
• All of the above
Check the victims breathing and circulation while the second rescuer performs the head-tilt/chin-lift method using a resuscitation mask.
Perform an initial assessment while the other rescuer locates the correct position for chest compressions.
Begin rescue breathing and chest compressions while the second person performs a secondary assessment
Check the victims breathing while the second check for circulation
EMS takes over
The victims condition worsens.
The scene is safe
Someone with lesser training comes and helps
and lower left side of chest
-You or someone else could be injured by the shock
-You might prevent the AED from analyzing the heart rhythm properly
Cover burn with loosely dressing, and remove her from the burn.
-rewarm his or her hands using skin to skin contact
-then apply a pressure bandage
-pain in her abdomen
-skin is pale and moist
What did you recently have to eat or drink?
What was he was doing when the pain started?
during a first aid situation is through
open the airway?
-Call 911 immediately
-move to warm place and remove wet clothes.
-Gradually warm the body by wrapping in blankets.
-In severe hypothermia, perform CPR and continue to warm until EMS arrives.
-prevent tetaunus from immunizations
have applied a bandage; you should
– Apply an ice pack to the bridge of the nose
Place hand under face
Place one knee on top of the other
-Get help from a trained responder
-Nausea or vomiting
-Pale, ashen-gray, cool, moist skin
-Rapid breathing and pulse
-develops when the body systems are overwhelmed by heat and begin to stop functioning
-Wrap the finger in sterile gauze or clean material
-Place part in a plastic bag and keep it cool
-other treatment may be needed as well.
-Anaphylaxis can be brought on when a person with an allergy comes into contact with allergens via insect stings, food, medications, and other substances.
-traumatic injury or an accident
-hard blow to the chest
-congenital heart disease
-Protect the person’s airway
-Make sure the airway is open after the seizure has ended