Introduction All human being have urge to look beautiful. It is because of this reason that they have been using different types of materials from time immemorial. In early period cosmetics were associated with religious practices. It is almost true for all old civilizations like Indian, Chinese, Egyptian, and Greek. Ubtan with flour, turmeric and vegetables oil before marriage is still practiced in India. Kum Kum is still being applied by women. During the early period, all cosmetics items were made in the home.
Natural materials like aromatic materials, spices, herbs, resins, dyes, fats, oils, and the natives of different counties used perfumes. Herbs as medicines are being used since Vedic age. Now-a-days people give preference to the herbal products, as the chemical products being used for cosmetics are costlier and have side effects. Herbal products are based o plants, natural minerals in single ingredient drugs and compound formulations. The Ayurvedic herbal products/ drugs are derived from vegetable sources from various parts of the plants like root, leaf, flower fruit extrude or plant as a whole.
There is more recognition for herbal products in the country now than the past few decades. This herbal concept is gaining ground and attracting attention worldwide. There is more and more scientific research being conducted in our country for treatment of various skin and hair problems through herbal therapy which is not having side effects on skin, thus been recognized world over. Thus herbal products are becoming popular day-by-day and demand for its usage is increasing not only in the country but also worldwide, the inherent quality of herbal treatment of having negligible side/ after effects has made great potential for its production.
A large number of medicinal plants, herbs, shrubs etc. are available in our country in the hilly / forest regions. In order to boost the production of herbal products, Govt. of India has also set up a board namely Indian System of Medicine and Homeopathy to encourage production of herbal products especially in the regions where basic raw materials are available in plenty. As the side effects of cosmetics and other chemical based product is increasing day by day. It gives an indication that there are some harmful chemical based ingredients, which are harmful for our body.
Therefore, to get remedy for all above problems only one solution is there and i. e -using of herbal products instead of others. As the demand of herbal products is increasing day by day and you can sell your products in general market of the country including this these type of products can also be supplied to the Govt. Store Depot/ canteen for further distribution among the employees of Defense, Railways and other Govt. Departments. Herbs have been the main source of medicine throughout human history.
That they are still widely used today is not a throwback to the Dark Ages but an indication that herbs are a growing part of modern, high-tech medicine: about 25-30 percent of today’s prescription drugs contain chemicals derived from plants. Some 119 chemical substances from 91 plants are now used in Western medicine. Of these, 74 percent were folk medicines brought to our pharmacies through scientific research. Researchers today examine folk or historical uses of plants to find new drugs for cancer, AIDS, and even the common cold.
The interaction potential of herbs with conventional drugs is a critical concern for drugs with narrow therapeutic indexes. For example, many herbal products, such as garlic, ginger, ginseng, ginkgo, and feverfew, possess antiplatelet properties that can be additive when used with drugs known to affect hemostasis such as warfarin or heparin, albeit through different mechanisms. Shankapulshpi, an Ayurvedic preparation used to treat epilepsy, increases the hepatic clearance and thereby decreases the serum concentrations and effectiveness of phenytoin when these agents are given concomitantly.
Recently, a significant interaction was identified in which St. John’s wort reduced the area under the curve of the protease inhibitor indinavir by a mean of 57%, potentially leading to the development of indinavir drug resistance and treatment failure. A comprehensive review of known and potential drug-herb interactions has been published recently. Historical background HBS HERBAL PRODUCT (herbal beauty solution) a manufacturing company registered under the law of the Philippines. It was started on May 2005.
It is started from selling prime commodities in Luzon areas, part in the Visayas and Mindanao areas last 20 years ago through its sister companies. Equipped with exact knowledge in the business field HBS HERBAL PRODUCTS, now developed and introduce to the market its latest innovation that made with the client need in mind enable to meet the complete skin care and health requirements. Hence HBS HERBAL PRODUCTS value trust and pamper clients at all times. The company ensures high quality, very competitive and affordable products.
Household health and beauty conscious as well as the advance clients are more likely to choose the products from our company. MAGICAL PALCENTA is a product of scientific research, creative innovation and pure hard work. The product is a success because it effectively deliver what it promises – a younger and whiter you. There are many similar products in the market today that make the same promise but fall short. With magical Placenta, you are assured of world class herbal products that come only from PUREFORM COSMETIC PRODUCTS COMPANY, the original manufacturer, which pioneered and introduced the first Placenta soap in the Philippines.
Herbal products company mission is to enrich the gifts of nature by utilizing nature and its produce, and combine it with the gift of wisdom, to benefit and enhance the beauty of man – the most precious creation. After more than a decade of continuous research and innovation, the company has produced excellent products; bath soap, facial cream, facial toner and body lotion. The flagship product is the brand magical Placenta. Vision To develop, manufacture and market winning and innovative personal care products suited for both the domestic and international markets.
Mission To provide, quality, competitive and affordable products and to develop and establish the magical brand in both the Philippines and international market and be able to hold a major market share in the personal care consumer industry. Statement of the problem Computerized sales and Inventory systems provide companies with the ability to track the supplies and raw materials needed to build product to meet customer demand. The accuracy of the computerized sales and inventory system affects purchasing, planning and production departments in the organization.
The planning department uses the inventory data to create a production schedule to meet customer demand. Accurate inventory records allow the purchasing department to make an accurate assessment of lead times for purchasing materials for production and to ensure the production department has the materials and supplies available to build customer product. 1. Employee errors – can cause inaccuracies in inventory records, which can cause purchasing to fail to purchase materials or to acquire an excessive amount of inventory and computerized sales.
Invoice not received from company or department. 2. Stock outs – are shortages in inventory that can result from inaccurate records or a poor forecasting in the inventory system. The purchasing department must have accurate trigger points that determine when to make material purchases. Stock outs can result in product delays to customers. 3. Excess inventory – results in additional costs to the organization in storage costs and funds tied up in unused stock. When companies do not use inventory quickly after purchase, the business begins to lose money on the materials.
In the event any of the material is defective, it can take much longer for the organization to discover the problem. 4. Misplaced Inventory – An inventory system must not only store quantity information, but it must also provide details of its location in the building. Misplaced inventory results in wasted time as workers search for lost materials. Time delays can result in late deliveries to customers as well. 5. Lack of optimization – The inventory system must collect sufficient data to assist purchasing and planning to forecast future supply needs.
A well-optimized inventory system can provide the company with information on quantities used in production as well as scrap and waste information. This data can help purchasing determine an accurate inventory level for production materials. Objective of the Study 1. The problem invoices that cannot be matched to Purchase Orders are Entered into Oracle with invoice holds. 2. Procurement Services determines ownership of the invoices as Accurately as possible based on available information using the Purchasing Unit Code believed to be responsible.
Significance of the study A computerized sales and inventory system would not only keep records of the sales that are made, but also keep track of current inventory based on those sales. is a method performed through the use of computers. Even further, the computerized sales and inventory system may also be set up to purchase goods or inventory as directed and based on the parameters set by the programmer or user on an automated basis. Careful consideration would be needed to make sure that the system is ordering the correct quantities based on the trends.
Some systems can even evaluate trends and purchase based off of them. Scope and limitation of the Study This study entitled “Computerized Sales and inventory System of HBS Herbal Products” A Computerized sales and inventory system would not only keep records of the sales that are made, but also keep track of current inventory based on those sales. Is a method performed through the use of computer? Even further, the computerized sales and inventory system may also be set up to purchase goods or inventory as directed and based on the parameters set by the programmer or user on an automated basis.
Careful consideration would be needed to make sure that the system is ordering the correct quantities based on the trends. Some systems can even evaluate trends and purchase based off of them. Methodology When it comes to creating sales and inventory there are instances where we end up in committing errors or entering partial details. Such ambiguous sales not only delay the payment process but can also lead to disputes between the concerned parties. To address this issue we recommend adding the following information while preparing a computerized sales inventory system.
Add your contact information – Place your company name, address, phone number, email address, and even your website at the top of the inventory. Creating a sales number tracking system helps– It is important to mention the estimate number on the sales. Even though it is not a mandate, it is useful as a reference number in case there is a spat between the parties. Also it helps in better computerized sales. Add receiver’s details – Just like you add your contact details on top of the computerized sales inventory system, the receiver’s address also needs to be mentioned.
You still need to include your own invoice number for your own records and tracking system. Clearly mention the particulars – All the standard particulars like product/service, unit cost, quantity, price, discount and tax should be mentioned in the computerized sales, these are the standard fields and makes the sales self-explanatory. As a result, there is less probability that the client will get back to you with dim-witted queries. Add a short description – In some cases it becomes imperative to add a brief description about the product/service.
The nature of description can be left to the sender’s discretion. It is advised to have this field in the invoice as your client would know exactly what product he has purchased from you or the nature of services that have been rendered to him. Include the terms of service – This should go without mentioning but many freelancers, service providers, small businesses, etc. don’t comply with this rule. The terms and conditions of services should include among many things the ‘due date’ of the computerized sales and the penalty that will be imposed thereafter.
Enter your activities in your sales tracking system – As soon as you send the invoice, make sure you record the invoice number, date sent, amount, and any other details you think necessary. This way, you can keep track of who has paid and who is in arrears. And, when your sales is paid, make sure to record the date you received payment Tracking down late payments – When you email an editor asking about a late payment, make sure you include your sales number, amount and the date when inventory system was sent. Conceptual of frame work.
Many of the activities mentioned above become cumbersome when traditional methods of computerized sales and inventory system are used. On the other hand people who are already using any online sales application would know that it takes the pain out of computer. Using an online medium of sending invoices automatically carries out many activities mentioned, thus saving a lot of time and money. INPUTPROCESS OUTPUT COMPUTERIZED PROCESS TECHNOLOGY Computerized Sales and Inventory System Costumer’s name Inventory System VISUAL BASIC DATA BASE FIGURE 1. Conceptual Paradigm.
Figure 1 show the conceptual paradigm model of the study. This serves as the researched guide in conducting the study. It contains input, process and output. The input of the conceptual paradigm of the study shows the costumer’s name. Visual Basic and Microsoft access will be the technology use for the implementation of the system. The computerized process is invoicing system and the output is the Computer sales invoice system of herbal product Definition of terms Hardware – Electronics equipment specifically the scanner used for interfacing the data to the computer.
Invoice – is a commercial document issued by a seller to a buyer, indicating the products, quantities, and agreed prices for products or services the seller has provided the buyer. Input – Input is the term denoting either an entrance or changes which are inserted into a system and which activate or modify a process. Output – is the term denoting either an exit or changes which exit a system and which activate/modify a process. Process – Series of actions changes or functions Program – (machine) a technical setting stored in the memory of a machine or piece of hardware to be executed, including computers.
System – group of interacting interrelated or interdependent elements forming a complex whole. Visual basic – a high level programming language used in the software. CHAPTER II REVIEW OR RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES Related Literature Over 20,000 herbal and other natural products are available in the United States. The most commonly purchased products include Echinacea, feverfew, garlic, ginseng, ginkgo, goldenseal, kava, St. John’s Wort, saw palmetto and valerian. Some products are used for health maintenance or for benign, self-limited conditions.
However, others are used to self-treat serious illnesses, such as hawthorn for congestive heart failure, milk thistle for liver disease, or St. John’s Wort for depression. During their growth in popularity over the last several years, the promotion of these products has undergone fundamental changes. In the past, herbal products were promoted to consumers primarily by mail-order companies and health food stores. More recently, chain drug stores and grocery stores have advertised herbal products aggressively to consumers in a manner similar to that for nonprescription drug products.
The introduction of entire herbal product lines by traditional manufacturers, such as American Home Products, will likely increase this trend. For pharmacists and other health professionals confronted with inquiries from consumers about the health promotion claims of herbal products, it is important to acknowledge that some of these products have pharmacologically active chemical constituents, and, in essence, are drugs. Herbal products cannot be discounted as “natural” and hence, nontoxic entities, as many consumers believe.
Although selected products may have therapeutically beneficial effects, many cause adverse effects and drug interactions similar to those experienced with conventional agents. In 1998, the American Association of Poison Control Centers received 6914 reports of adverse reactions from dietary supplements Between January 1993 and October 1998, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) received 2621 reports of serious problems involving these products, including 184 deaths. In contrast, in a study of 386 herb users, only 8% had experienced adverse effects.
The interaction potential of herbs with conventional drugs is a critical concern for drugs with narrow therapeutic indexes. For example, many herbal products, such as garlic, ginger, ginseng, ginkgo, and feverfew, possess antiplatelet properties that can be additive when used with drugs known to affect homeostasis such as warfarin or heparin, albeit through different mechanisms. Shankapulshpi, an Ayurvedic preparation used to treat epilepsy, increases the hepatic clearance and thereby decreases the serum concentrations and effectiveness of phenytoin when these agents are given concomitantly.
Recently, a significant interaction was identified in which St. John’s wort reduced the area under the curve of the protease inhibitor indinavir by a mean of 57%, potentially leading to the development of indinavir drug resistance and treatment failure. A comprehensive review of known and potential drug-herb interactions has been published recently. Related Studies This chapter includes the review of foreign and local related literatures, which is relevant to the effectiveness of herbal medicines as multivitamins.
The appeal of herbal medicine to people caught the researchers’ in sights to have further review about this matter. Any place in the world would know that herbal medicine is. Perhaps, many people have different perceptions about these herbal medicines. Many might doubt its effectiveness and other might not. The increasing population of people using this herbal medicine might tell how effective or how ineffective these herbal medicines are. And in this chapter, the researcher will be viewing different of herbal medicine and multivitamins.
Foreign literature For thousands of years, plants have played a significant role in maintaining human health and improving the quality of human life. Herbs have been used as food and for medicinal purposes. According ti the sardesal’s herbal medicines: poison or potions, about 80% of world’s population relies on traditional medicine for their primary care needs and most of this therapy involves the use of plant extracts or their active components. There are many reasons why people are seeking other alternatives for their health needs.
One is because many people perceive natural products to be healthier than manufactured drugs. Also, there is dissatisfaction with conventional medicine. Patients feel that their doctors do not listen to or respect cultural beliefs and traditions, are not knowledgeable or willing to discuss alternative therapies and focus on curing the disease ro condition more than the patient. Additionally, many patients who have chronic or incurable disease such as diabetes, arthritis or depression often believe that conventional medicine has failed them.
In regards with safety issues, before 1994, marketing of herbal medicines and other dietary supplements had been subject to approval by the US. Local Studies Philippine Herbal medicine is defined as being the utilization of normal herbs and crops to the therapy or prevention of conditions, disorders and for your promotion of fine wellness. Medicinal plants and herbs has been used by our Filipino forefathers for many centuries. This information was passed on from era to era. In past times few years, a renewed interest on this organic technique of treatment arose not merely inside the Philippines but globally.
This recognition will continue as health-related science validates the affectivity of numerous medicinal herbs as option medication. This “Philippine Herbal” medication website is presented inside a layman’s language for easy understanding. The contents herein are depending on sources including health care publications, bulletins, content articles along with other reliable sources that we now have gathered, condensed and edited for simple reference. We have picked to publish below on our site, the more commonly used medicinal plants and herbs which can be utilized as substitute medication in the Philippines.
These herbs have undergone medical and laboratory exam and also have been proven to have therapeutic benefit and also have been usually identified and advised by most scientists and health care practitioners to get efficient substitute medicines and/or dietary supplement to Western medication. This web site is supposed being a common reference and guidebook only. It is not meant as being a substitute for those solutions of a certified health care practitioner. Check with having a medical doctor educated with organic medication or Philippine
medicinal plants ahead of using, administering or mixing any herb with prescription and non-prescription medications. Laboratory test demonstrate that some organic medications have adverse response when blended with other medications. We welcome contributions and we’ll continue to add more medicinal herbs as we produce this site. Foreign Studies As I mentioned earlier in this introduction, over the past ten years certain herbs (Black Cohosh, Echinacea, Garlic, Kava, Milk Thistle, Saw Palmetto, and St. John’swort) have become very popular but herbal medicine has not.
There is a very real difference between the Allopathic use of a herb and the practice of good herbal medicine. Different systems of herbal medicine have their own views and distinctive practices, but they all have 3 things in common. First they have an underlying philosophy that creates a foundation and structure for the practice of medicine. Frequently, the underlying belief focuses on what naturopathic medicine calls Vis Medicatrix Nature or the healing power of nature (Kirchfield, Boyle, 1994). This idea was a central tenet of medicine as taught by Hipprocrates, Maimonides, the German physician C.
W. Hufeland, MD, and the early American physician Jacob Bigalow, MD. In many systems of medicine, not only is the body inherently self-healing, but there is an important relationship and connection between the physical, emotional, and spiritual aspects of each patient. In Chinese, Tibetan, and Cherokee medicine (Nvwoti), attention may also be given to what we perceive as external relationships and the effects of the family, community and the environment on each patient. The second and third aspects of traditional systems of medicine are interrelated, A system of Energetics and Differential Diagnosis.
Energetics is a way of describing the activity and qualities of a given herb. Does it increase (stimulate) or decrease (sedate) function, does it increase nutrition, tonify an organ or moisten or dry tissue. Energetics is an effective way of understanding a herb notby its constituents, which can be very problematic but by its activity and effects on the human body. This traditional form of pharmacology is utilized along with various types of differential diagnosis, so there is an understanding of the underlying imbalances or disease and the treatment is specific to the patient.
Good Herbal Medicine treats people, not diseases. In consulting and educating physicians and nurses, they are always surprised that the protocols are so patient specific. Two different patients, both with Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), can have almost entirely different treatments. Why? Well most clinical herbalists do not see two cases of RA. They might see John Smith, age 68, with achlorhydria, chronic constipation, impaired circulation, and RA very differently then Alice Jones, age 38, who experiences severe PMS, depression, biliary dyskinesia, and has RA.
The focus in good Herbal, Naturopathic, Chinese, or Ayurvedic medicine is affecting the terrain. Strengthen the organism, improve overall function (circulation, digestion, elimination, endocrine and immune function), reduce stress, and improve sleep and nutrition. Manydiseases, especially chronic degenerative diseases, respond very well to this type of treatment. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is a good example. The orthodox treatment is Hytrin® or Finasteride. Saw Palmetto as an allopathic herbal substitute works about as well as the pharmaceuticals, costs less, and has fewer adverse effects.
As a herbalist I will probably use Saw Palmetto as a part of my protocol, but in addition I might add Nettle Root, White Sage, Bidens, or Collinsonia to improve activity, effectiveness, and specificity of the formula. This combination of herbs in my clinical experience is far superior to the pharmaceutical agents or Saw Palmetto as anindividual remedy. Herbal Medicine, like orthodox medical practice, is an art as well as a science. Knowing how to combined herbs together to create a synergistic effect is more than random polypharmacy.