Biology and genetics
education, poverty, crime.
-Availability of resources to meet daily needs, such as educational and job opportunities, living wages, or healthful foods
-Social norms and attitudes, such as discrimination
-Exposure to crime, violence, and social disorder, such as the presence of trash
-Social support and social interactions
-Exposure to mass media and emerging technologies, such as the Internet or cell phones
-Socioeconomic conditions, such as concentrated poverty
Built environment, such as buildings or transportation
Worksites, schools, and recreational settings
Housing, homes, and neighborhoods
Exposure to toxic substances and other physical hazards
Physical barriers, especially for people with disabilities
Aesthetic elements, such as good lighting, trees, or benches
portal of exit
mode of transmission
portal of entry
disease and health event investigation
referral and follow-up,
policy development, policy enforcement.
PEOPLE AND INTERACTIONS
is based on assessment of the population’s health status; considers the broad determinants of health;
emphasizes all levels of prevention;
intervenes with communities, systems, individuals, and families
Policy Development – guide to determine present and future decisions for publics health. IE: Public hearing, inspections, certifications
Assessment- Measure and Monitor- IE: DM screening, Monitoring water wells, lead surveillance
Then apply strategies to get control
The triangle can be used in any aspect of public health
There is many opportunities to change the system.
It is moveable, it is a process, apply interventions
It is never stable, always changing , and adapting.
You can intervene at any point!
chemical( POISON, ALLERGENS, Radiation )
nutritive element (IRON deficiency)
physical factor (VIOLENCE, PSYCHOLOGICAL experience, TRAUMA)
whose presence or absence is essential for the occurrence of a particular disease or condition
Communication-personal space->spread of TB when talking
numerator- all new cases appearing during a given time
Denominator- population at risk during the same period.
Immune globulin- Hep A , Measles
Hyperimmune Globulins- Hep B, Rabies, Tetanus, Varicella
Small Pox = Cow Pox
Roles Of Nurse
Basic Ecological Principles
Carry out an individual health history- IPREPARE
THE GREATEST GOOD
AIR ON THE SIDE OF CAUTION
place matters, neighborhood as a predictor of health: Heart disease, asthma, obesity, diabetes, low birth weight.
Panic via advertising from march of dimes(FEAR)
administration without FDA approval
experimental testing via administration to disabled children