Chs. 59-62

Which is the most likely reason for a 13-year-old boy’s reluctance to give you an accurate history after he was injured in a fight at an underage drinking party?
A) a. He does not want his attacker to get in trouble for underage drinking and drug usage.
B) b. He is afraid you will tell his parents and he will get in trouble.
C) c. He thinks you will transport him to prison if he confesses to taking drugs.
D) d. Your uniform and equipment accessories make him think you are with the police.
D

While you are treating a patient, his family and others surround you and block the path to your ambulance. Your primary concern should be:
A) d. Taking the time to reassure and calm the family and friends
B) b. Ensuring you and your partner can safely leave the scene
C) c. Notifying the police to charge the crowd members with harassment
D) a. Caring for your patient, no matter what the crowd says
B

A gang, as it applies to EMS response, is best described as any:
A) c. Group of people who engage in socially disruptive behavior
B) a. Gathering of individuals
C) b. Gathering of people with criminal records
D) d. Group of people who gather according to race, gender, or ethnic origin
A

EMS personnel who are specially trained and equipped to provide prehospital emergency care in tactical environments are called:
A) c. SWAT
B) b. PSP
C) a. CONTOMS
D) d. Tactical EMS
D

You are speaking to a patient while providing care and assessment. Your partner is observing the patient and the surroundings. In this situation, you are in the role of __________________ and your partner is in the role of _____________.
A) a. Contact, cover
B) c. Cover, contact
C) d. Patient care, observer
D) b. Contact, documentation
A

Your crew is called to a home where a 22-year-old female was found lethargic in bed. According to the dispatch information, the caller stated that the woman has been sleepy and nauseous for the past several days. As you approach the scene, you see what appears to be a clandestine drug laboratory in the garage of the dispatch address. There are burners, beakers, and barrels of hazardous chemicals. You should:
A) d. Leave the area immediately
B) b. Ignore your suspicions until you have evaluated the patient
C) a. Ask for the MSDS sheets on the chemicals
D) c. Investigate the scene
A

While retreating from a violent scene, you are being pursued by a suspected felon. To slow him from following you, you drop your first-in bag in the stairway. This is called:
A) b. Cover
B) c. Distraction
C) d. Tactical retreat
D) a. Avoidance
B

Your crew is dispatched to the scene of a stabbing. Local law enforcement is already at the scene, and the scene is secured. Your patient is a 23-year-old male with a single stab wound to the left upper chest. There is a trail of blood leading from the bedroom to the patient’s current position in the kitchen. A 10-inch knife is seen lying in the bedroom. On contacting the patient, he takes a deep breath and states, “I never saw the guy who stabbed me.” He then goes into cardiopulmonary arrest and is not revived despite your best efforts. Regarding the patient’s dying declaration, you should:
A) d. Not include the statement
B) b. Include the patient’s statement, in quotation marks
C) a. Include in your documentation the statement, “Refer to police report for statements made by the patient”
D) c. Include the patient’s statement, paraphrased
B

To approach a vehicle safely, the most appropriate course of action is to:
A) c. Walk between the ambulance and the patient’s car so that you are backlit
B) d. Walk in front of the car before approaching the door, so the driver can see you
C) a. Have both crew members approach from the driver’s side
D) b. Have one crew member approach from the passenger’s side
D

While at the scene of a shooting, there is a large amount of blood on the patient’s clothes as well as on the floor and walls around the patient. What is your best course of action?
A) a. Clean up all the blood to make the area as sanitary as possible for treatment.
B) d. Try to disturb the blood as little as possible without compromising patient care.
C) b. Collect as much of the blood as possible for type matching for the blood bank.
D) c. Retreat to a safe area, put on necessary PPE, and notify hazardous materials personnel.
B

You respond to the home of a 35-year-old woman who has severe facial lacerations around her left eye and her lips. The woman also has several yellow bruises that are visible on her neck. She will not look directly at you when you ask her a question, and her husband answers the questions for her. What is your next best action?
A) c. Leave the scene immediately.
B) d. Treat the injuries in a nonjudgmental manner and report your suspicions.
C) b. Insist that the husband leave the room so that you can examine the patient.
D) a. Ask the woman if she is being abused.
B

Warning signs that a street scene involving a large crowd could become violent include:
A) a. A suddenly quiet crowd
B) b. A large group of people on the street
C) d. The arrival of law enforcement
D) c. Pushing and shoving
D

Your crew is called to the scene for a “man down, unknown medical problem.” Local law enforcement has not yet been dispatched because there is no additional information that would suggest the need. When you arrive, you find a 19-year-old male face down in the street with multiple gunshot wounds to the chest and head. Suddenly you hear gunfire in your immediate area, and you and your partner dive behind a bush. This maneuver is an example of:
A) b. Concealment
B) c. Cover
C) d. Tactical retreat
D) a. Avoidance
A

You observe suspicious activity in the front seat of the car as you approach. You should not move forward of the:
A) c. C post
B) b. B post
C) d. D post
D) a. A post
B

The most visible sign of gang activity is:
A) d. Large gatherings on city streets
B) b. Graffiti on walls or structures
C) c. Lack of activities in the community
D) a. A number of youths dressed in similar colors
B (?)

Your crew is dispatched to the scene of a stabbing. Local law enforcement is already at the scene, and the scene is secured. Your patient is a 23-year-old male with a single stab wound to the left upper chest. There is a trail of blood leading from the bedroom to the patient’s current position in the kitchen. A 10-inch knife is seen lying in the bedroom. On contacting the patient, he takes a deep breath and states, “I never saw the guy who stabbed me.” He then goes into cardiopulmonary arrest and is not revived despite your best efforts. Which of the following is correct about your documentation of the crime scene?
A) c. You should include in your documentation the statement, “Refer to police report for scene information.”
B) a. You should include in your documentation conclusions you have drawn regarding the crime scene.
C) d. You should not include references to the crime scene, only to the patient, because you are not an investigator.
D) b. You should include in your documentation the observations you have made about the crime scene.
D

Retreating without taking the patient with you when a scene turns dangerous is:
A) c. Unacceptable and abandonment
B) a. Acceptable and not abandonment
C) d. Unethical but also not abandonment
D) b. Possibly abandonment but acceptable
B

As you approach an incident address, you notice there are several empty propane tanks in the yard, the windows are covered up with aluminum foil, and a strong acrid chemical odor is coming from the house. What is your next best action?
A) d. Use the PA system on the ambulance to notify anyone in the house that you are present.
B) b. Knock on the door and then quickly enter the home to find your patient.
C) a. Don PPE and SCBA and perform a rapid life-saving search of the house.
D) c. Retreat to a safe area, activate ICS, and call for assistance from police and hazardous materials personnel.
D

Tactical patient care refers to patient care activities:
A) c. Inside the scene perimeter, or “hot zone”
B) a. For any patient who is injured in a violent activity
C) b. For law enforcement providers on tactical missions
D) d. Related to weapons of mass destruction
A

Of all the tactics for scene safety, which is preferable?
A) b. Concealment
B) c. Cover
C) d. Tactical retreat
D) a. Avoidance
D

You arrive at an incident and observe a large crowd of people angrily shouting, making threatening gestures, and throwing items. Your best initial course of action should be:
A) b. Enter the scene to find your patient
B) a. Ask a member of the crowd who called for EMS
C) d. Use the loudspeaker and order the crowd to disperse
D) c. Retreat to a safe area and call for the police
D

According to the National Institutes of Health, a system of emergency medical dispatching should have protocols that contain:
A) c. Information that the dispatcher can look up online
B) b. A comprehensive caller ID system
C) a. Callback numbers so the EMS crew can call the patient
D) d. Systematic prearrival instructions
D

________ is/are used to provide public health officials with information about diseases.
A) b. Dispatch algorithms
B) d. Locations of incidents
C) c. Early warning sirens
D) a. Biosurveillance
D

Effective case evaluation under the quality improvement unit usually begins by:
A) c. A random sample of cases
B) a. All even-numbered cases for a particular time
C) b. All odd-numbered cases for a particular time
D) d. Several cases in a row
A

Unit selection is accomplished when an incident address is verified and:
A) d. The call taker selects the unit and forwards any prearrival notes
B) c. The call taker receives all call-related information and forwards it to the unit
C) b. The call taker has recorded a preliminary incident code
D) a. The call taker calls the unit to confirm their availability
C

After dispatching the initial ambulance to a motor vehicle collision in which two people are injured, a second responding ambulance is dispatched. Choose the appropriate priority and response for the second ambulance en route to the motor vehicle collision.
A) a. Priority 1: red response
B) d. Priority 3: yellow response
C) c. Priority 3: red response
D) b. Priority 1: yellow response
B

The caller reports a motor vehicle crash in which two people are injured. One of the victims is unconscious. While providing prearrival instructions, the dispatcher advises the first responding ambulance of the priority and how to respond (red or yellow). Which of the following is the appropriate priority and response to the motor vehicle collision?
A) b. Priority 2: red response
B) c. Priority 3: red response
C) d. Priority 4: yellow response
D) a. Priority 1: yellow response
B

Under most conditions and average response times in urban/suburban areas, the typical emergency medical dispatcher may have to provide prearrival instructions for:
A) b. 5 to 10 minutes
B) a. Less than 2 minutes
C) c. 7 to 12 minutes
D) d. More than 12 minutes
A

Regarding nonemergent transportation, specialty call center software is utilized to:
A) a. Coordinate transportation needs of the system to accommodate nonemergent transport
B) d. Record patient pickup, history, and special equipment needs
C) b. Match receiving facilities and the capabilities of transporting units
D) c. Match transportation units with the needs of the facilities
B

34.
Which of the following best describes the difference between protocols and telephone aid?
A) b. Protocols are more subjective and more structured than telephone aid.
B) c. Telephone aid is more objective and less structured than protocols.
C) a. Protocols are more comprehensive than telephone aid.
D) d. Telephone aid is used where dispatchers have previous training as paramedics.
D

In determining the patient’s condition, the emergency medical dispatcher will ask a series of questions. Which of the following questions would be asked early in the assessment?
A) b. Is the patient hungry?
B) a. Is the patient awake?
C) c. Is the patient thirsty?
D) d. Is the patient vomiting?
B

To assist the dispatcher, a number of tools are available, including:
A) b. Global positioning system, enhanced 9-1-1, geologic information system
B) c. Global positioning system, expanded 9-1-1, geographic information system
C) a. Global positioning system, enhanced 9-1-1, geographic information system
D) d. Global positioning system, expanded 9-1-1, On-Star information system
C

In a dynamic deployment model, the communications center is responsible for:
A) a. Developing the deployment plan
B) d. Maintaining call volume
C) c. Maintaining call acuity throughout the system
D) b. Executing the deployment plan
D

38.
Which factors are important in developing an early warning system within a communications center?
A) c. Standardization, speed, sensitivity, and specificity
B) d. Upgraded technology base, standardization of communications, staffing levels, and sensitivity
C) b. Speed, staffing levels, standardization, and unit availability
D) a. Ethical issues, funding, staffing, and unit availability
A

___ is/are used in the planning for a performance-based response system.
A) c. Specialty transport units
B) a. Historic data
C) d. System tolerances
D) b. Number of units in the system
B

The term PSAP refers to:
A) c. Public services alarm point
B) d. Public services answering person
C) b. Public safety answering point
D) a. Public safety answering person
C

Call-processing time is best defined as:
A) b. The elapsed time it takes for the call taker to process the information of the call
B) a. The elapsed time from the receipt of the call until the closest available unit is dispatched
C) c. The amount of time elapsed when the call is transferred from a PSAP to an SSAP
D) d. The amount of time elapsed since the call was received and the completion of the call
B

The primary objective of a response assignment plan is to:
A) b. Get someone to the scene as fast as possible
B) c. Find the closest police officer to the scene
C) a. Ensure the use of emergency lights and siren
D) d. Match EMS resources to the clinical needs of the patient
D

Which of the following is the most effective way to improve the performance of emergency medical dispatchers?
A) b. Discipline and corrective action
B) c. Incentive program with bonuses
C) a. Consistent evaluation and feedback
D) d. Regular reassignment of dispatchers
C

The dispatcher’s unit selection is based on the posted location of all units, so it is necessary:
A) b. To maintain current system status and locations of all units in the system
B) d. To track all unit times from dispatch, arrival, to on scene and en route to hospital
C) a. To check frequently on unit posting/locations and staffing changes
D) c. To monitor system radio traffic and verify the personnel on each unit
A

The term performance-based response system describes:
A) b. Staffing levels and response times
B) a. Response times for emergent and nonemergent calls
C) d. Unit availability, response times, and staffing levels
D) c. The criteria that only private agencies must meet
B

Factors that call-processing time can control are the:
A) d. Nature of the call
B) c. Level of activity in the system
C) a. Caller’s state of mind
D) b. Emergency call center staffing
D

With ANI and ALI installed, a dispatcher can more easily:
A) d. Verify the address of the caller
B) c. Determine the caller’s phone number
C) b. Detect a false alarm or prank call
D) a. Coordinate system resources
A

Once certified as a trained emergency medical dispatcher, the individual:
A) b. Can retake the certifying examination in lieu of continuing education
B) c. Must complete at least 12 hours of approved continuing education annually
C) d. Must complete EMT training within 1 year to maintain certification
D) a. Can challenge the continuing education requirement in writing
B

Which of the following best applies to the use of emergency lights and siren when responding to a call?
A) a. Emergency lights and siren can effectively reduce the response time.
B) d. Emergency lights and siren should only be used in hazardous conditions.
C) b. Emergency lights and siren must always be used when responding.
D) c. Emergency lights and siren should only be used in critical cases.
D

In a dynamic deployment model, the communications center may:
A) b. Have to delay call response processing to provide coverage because of a unit’s hours of service
B) a. Balance the needs of a high-volume area with geographically isolated areas
C) d. Refuse calls for assistance that do not meet the acuity threshold
D) c. Not be able to provide coverage to certain areas because of mandated coverage laws
B

Morbidly obese patients should be transported:
A) c. With bariatric equipment
B) d. With two personnel
C) a. On a one and one-half-person stretcher
D) b. On a two-person stretcher
A

When in the emergency response mode, a great deal of responsibility and liability fall on the paramedic operator. The hallmark for this liability is:
A) d. Training and agency policies
B) c. State traffic statutes
C) a. Due regard for all others
D) b. Reasonable excesses
C

You have been working late because of a high volume of calls. After being cleared to return to the station for shift change, you notice that the fuel gauge is close to empty. In this situation, you should:
A) b. Have the oncoming crew meet at the gas station to switch shifts
B) a. Grab a few dollars of fuel and then quickly return to the station
C) d. Return to the station and have the new crew fuel the vehicle
D) c. Refuel the vehicle and then return to the station for shift change
D

Traffic patterns, construction, location, and weather should all be considered by the paramedic when:
A) c. Doing a scene size-up
B) d. Route planning
C) b. Completing a daily inventory
D) a. Assigning units
B

An ambulance that has the benefit of enabling users to purchase the chassis and ambulance box separately but may give them a limited ability to communicate between the front and back is a:
A) d. Type IV ambulance
B) a. Type I ambulance
C) c. Type III ambulance
D) b. Type II ambulance
B

Most fire-based EMS systems place ambulances in stations located throughout the response area. This model of ambulance stationing is known as:
A) a. Ambient positioning
B) c. Fixed positioning
C) d. Status systems management
D) b. Community configuration
B

A van-type ambulance with limited space to work is a:
A) a. Type I ambulance
B) d. Type IV ambulance
C) b. Type II ambulance
D) c. Type III ambulance
C

The Federal Specifications for Ambulances and the NHTSA standards for ambulance design are known as:
A) b. National Ambulance Design and Specification Uniformity Act
B) d. Traffic Safety Ambulance Guidelines
C) a. KKK A-1822E Standards
D) c. National Ambulance Standards
C

Safe vehicle operations is synonymous with:
A) c. Offensive driving
B) a. Defensive driving
C) b. Emergency response
D) d. The use of lights and sirens
B

When approaching a helicopter, the paramedic should avoid approaching from the:
A) d. Right side
B) b. Left side
C) a. Front
D) c. Rear
D

If the paramedic ambulance arrives at a motor vehicle crash scene before fire or police units secure the scene, the ambulance should be parked:
A) d. Past the scene, with headlights on the scene for visibility
B) c. Off the roadway if possible
C) a. 50 feet before the crash scene for patient and personal protection
D) b. 100 feet before the scene, broadside to oncoming traffic for visibility
C

The national federal specifications for ambulances are named:
A) d. USDOT
B) a. JJJ-1822E
C) b. KKK-1822E
D) c. NHTSA
C

Emergency warning devices are generally authorized during responses involving:
A) b. Imminent childbirth
B) a. Children
C) c. Injuries that may worsen with time
D) d. A true medical emergency
D

The paramedic crew is assigned to a box-type ambulance with dual rear wheels. Midway through the shift, after completing an emergency call, one crew member notices that the outside right rear tire is damaged and nearly flat. Dispatch advises there is a call holding. In this situation, the paramedic should:
A) a. Advise the dispatcher that the vehicle is out of service
B) c. Ignore the problem, as there are two tires, and report it later
C) d. Run the call, and get the vehicle in for repair after the call
D) b. Drive to meet a replacement vehicle, swap gear, and run the call
A

Which of the following is the most appropriate technique when lifting a patient?
A) b. Back straight, legs bent, head down
B) c. Back straight, legs bent, head up
C) d. Back straight, legs straight, head up
D) a. Back bent, legs bent, head up
B

While checking the medications, you notice that the expiration date on the epinephrine was 1 week ago. What should you do?
A) d. Use the expired medications for this shift only.
B) c. Ignore the expiration date, as drugs are effective past the expiration date.
C) b. Discard and replace the expired medications.
D) a. Advise any patient that they will receive an expired drug.
C

An ambulance is involved in a crash at an intersection while responding to a call. The driver did not respond with:
A) a. An escort
B) b. Due regard for others
C) c. The correct speed
D) d. The appropriate siren pattern
B

While completing your daily vehicle maintenance and cleaning, you notice that the oxygen tank has a slow leak. What should you do?
A) c. Shut the tank off to conserve oxygen.
B) a. Leave it alone if you think you can make it through the day with no problems.
C) d. Try to fix the leak, and if you cannot, replace it.
D) b. Nothing. It is only a slow leak.
C

The ambulance should be inventoried:
A) d. Throughout the day
B) c. At the end of the shift
C) a. At the beginning of each shift
D) b. Monthly
C

Which of the following is the correct statement regarding parking the ambulance on the scene of a motor vehicle crash?
A) b. Park in a position that protects the crew.
B) a. Park downwind of the accident to protect the patient and crew.
C) d. Park with the patient compartment as close to the patient as possible.
D) c. Park with the headlights facing oncoming traffic to warn other drivers.
A

If a scene has been secured before your arrival, park the ambulance:
A) b. 200 feet away and upwind if possible
B) d. 200 feet in front of the scene and downwind
C) a. 50 to100 feet in front of the scene
D) c. 100 feet in front of the scene
D

Emergency response driving should be done with ________ for others on the road.
A) d. Wariness
B) a. Caution
C) c. No regard
D) b. Due regard
D

The ambulance is usually parked inside a bay and protected from extreme temperatures. Because of construction inside the bay, the ambulance was parked outside on a particularly cold night. While checking the equipment, you notice some ice crystals inside a few of the medications. What should you do?
A) b. Discard and replace the medications that had ice crystals.
B) d. Report the problem to the supervisor sometime during the shift.
C) a. Allow the medications to thaw completely before using them.
D) c. Ignore the situation, as the cold temperature will not affect the drugs.
A

You respond to a motor vehicle crash that is 90 minutes away from the nearest trauma center. The vehicle is on its roof against a tree, and the fire department informs you that extensive extrication will be needed to get at your critically injured patient. This patient should be transported by:
A) d. The fire department
B) b. Ground transportation
C) a. Fixed-wing aircraft
D) c. Helicopter
D

Population, roads and access, and businesses are all factors of:
A) a. Economic development
B) b. Emergency vehicle stationing
C) d. Route planning
D) c. Response plans
B

In the incident management system, this person is ultimately responsible for carrying out tactical objectives.
A) b. Finance
B) d. Operations
C) a. Command
D) c. Logistics
B

You are the first ambulance to arrive at a motor vehicle crash with eight patients. Your supervisor arrives on scene, who has more than 15 years’ experience. At this point, you should:
A) a. Brief him on what you have done so far and relinquish command to him
B) d. Make no changes; assign your supervisor to a sector
C) b. Explain to your supervisor that you are in charge, and if you want his help, you will ask for it
D) c. Hand your command vest to your supervisor and walk away
A

Multiple casualty incidents are those incidents involving between ___ and ___ patients.
A) b. 25; 50
B) c. 26; 99
C) a. 10; 20
D) d. 100; 500
B

You are dispatched to a motor vehicle crash involving a charter bus. Your first observation is that you have approximately 20 patients. In this situation you should:
A) d. Start treating patients; help will soon arrive to establish command
B) a. Do nothing until your supervisor arrives to take control of the scene
C) b. Establish command, request additional units, and direct your partner to start the triage process
D) c. Just request the help; everyone will figure out what to do when they arrive
C

A crucial process that ensures optimal patient care and positions the right people in the right place doing the right tasks is known as:
A) a. Disaster mitigation
B) b. Disaster prevention
C) d. Incident management
D) c. EMS command and control
D

Conducting a thorough assessment of the scene, identifying all injured or ill patients, and categorizing them by severity is the responsibility of:
A) c. Triage
B) d. Transportation
C) b. Staging
D) a. Logistics
A

Which statement best describes the role of emergency operation centers in mass casualty incidents?
A) b. The emergency operations center is where the incident commander is situated during the incident.
B) a. This is the location of emergency management support personnel for large incidents.
C) c. This is the location of the planning and operations sections in all incidents.
D) d. This is the location from which logistics and security are initiated.
B

Which statement best describes the typical duties for a transportation officer?
A) b. Assignment of transportation personnel, patient care attendants, and receiving location criteria
B) c. Selection of site for easy of egress and log to track patient destinations and priority
C) d. Selection of the transporting personnel, their designation and destination
D) a. Assignment of ancillary personnel, sector chief, and patient tracking log
B

Which statement best describes when primary and secondary triage should occur?
A) d. When the patients are en route from the transportation sector until they get to the hospital
B) b. When providing care to injured persons only in large incidents
C) c. During a large-scale incident
D) a. When providing care of the injured from the point of injury to arrival at an appropriate facility
C

Which statement best describes the role of the incident commander for large, medium, and small incidents?
A) c. The principles are scalable and based upon the number of resources needed.
B) b. The principles are flexible and based upon the number of persons involved.
C) a. The principles are essentially the same regardless of incident size.
D) d. The principles for small or medium incidents are less robust than those for larger events.
C

By assigning sectors, or divisions, early in the mass casualty incident, this:
A) b. Causes less work for the incident commander
B) a. Allows the scene to be broken into functional areas of operation
C) d. Really serves no useful purpose
D) c. Makes it easier for the commander to be relieved
B

Which function of the incident command structure is responsible for maintaining resource and situation status reports?
A) b. Command
B) d. Planning
C) c. Operations
D) a. Administration
B

Which word best describes the meaning of S in START triage?
A) c. Standardized
B) b. Sophisticated
C) d. Structured
D) a. Simple
D

Which statement best describes the responsibilities of the logistics officer?
A) b. Field medical supplies and other support items
B) c. Field medical treatment and communication packages
C) a. Communication packages and payment to vendors
D) d. Payment to vendors and assignment of specific equipment to sectors
A

While working as the transportation officer on a multiple patient incident, it is imperative to keep track of patients you transport. Information that is recorded should at a minimum contain:
A) a. Patient identifier, destination, transporting unit, and transport priority
B) d. Patient name, injuries, transporting unit, and transport destination
C) c. Patient name, destination, transport destination, and patient condition
D) b. Patient name, approximate age, injuries, and who transported
A

This person is ultimately in charge of an incident.
A) d. Safety
B) c. Logistics
C) a. Incident commander
D) b. Finance
C

You are dispatched to a multivehicle crash on the interstate in the fog. Patient counts from the triage officer total 58 patients who require the attention of EMS. This incident is classified as:
A) b. Just a big crash
B) d. A multipatient incident
C) c. A multiple casualty incident
D) a. A disaster
C

A tornado has ravaged your community, resulting in millions of dollars in property damage, as well as multiple fatalities and injuries. Numerous outside agencies, such as surrounding law enforcement and fire/EMS agencies, FEMA, and the Red Cross, have responded to assist in the recovery. The command structure best suited to manage this incident is:
A) a. Multiple
B) c. Structured
C) d. Unified
D) b. Singular
C

Mitigation, preparation, response, and recovery are phases of:
A) c. Incident command
B) d. Unified command
C) b. Emergency response
D) a. Command and control
C

Lisa, your paramedic partner, seems to be extremely irritable the past few days. At meal times, she hardly eats, and spends her time watching TV instead of sleeping. You remember that three shifts ago, she responded to a house fire where four children and their mother died. Given this information:
A) d. Lisa may just be old and cranky
B) a. Lisa may be suffering from bipolar disorder
C) b. Lisa may be suffering from critical incident stress
D) c. Lisa may be suffering from premenstrual stress
C

The goal of triage is to:
A) d. Rapidly determine who are the most severely injured patients so that they may be treated last
B) c. Rapidly prioritize who receives treatment in which order
C) b. Gather a complete set of vital signs on all patients
D) a. Devote your full resources to all patients in cardiac arrest
B

Providing required equipment, materials, and supplies to the scene of an incident is the responsibility of:
A) a. Logistics
B) c. Triage
C) b. Staging
D) d. Transportation
A

After an incident, it may be of benefit to the well-being of the crew(s) involved to:
A) c. Do nothing
B) d. Participate in critical incident stress management to some extent
C) b. Clean up and get ready for the next call
D) a. Assume everyone did okay, and move on with the plan of the day
B

An effective means to preplan for an incident would be to:
A) a. Borrow an SOP from another agency in another town where a mass casualty incident actually occurred
B) b. Just write the SOP for your agency; you cannot control other agencies
C) c. Look back at history to see how other incidents were managed, and just do it that way
D) d. Participate in table-top exercises or drills with all area agencies
D

Which statement best describes the black tag priority patients?
A) d. Persons whose immediate treatment was delayed but effective or unable to be completed because of receiving facility issues
B) b. Only persons who are dead and their relatives
C) a. Only persons who are dead
D) c. Dead or dying
D

A person has arrived to the scene of an emergency in a vehicle that has bright flashing lights and a wailing siren. He is wearing a dark uniform and a badge on his shirt, and he carries a radio and other items on his belt. Which of the following statements is most accurate?
A) a. This person could be a police officer, a paramedic, or a firefighter.
B) c. This person is a paramedic because he is wearing dark clothes.
C) b. This person is a firefighter because he is carrying a radio.
D) d. This person is a police officer because he is wearing a badge.
A

What is the best method to preserve evidence removed from the patient during treatment?
A) b. It is left on the scene with bystanders.
B) d. It is placed in a plastic biohazard bag.
C) c. It is placed in a paper bag, if available.
D) a. It is disposed at the hospital.
C

Backlighting occurs when you position yourself between the response vehicle’s lights and the scene. If a scene becomes unsafe, you should:
A) b. Avoid backlighting yourself if at all possible
B) c. Use backlighting to give the impression that you are law enforcement
C) d. Use backlighting as a tool to illustrate your authority at the scene
D) a. Attempt to be backlit because it camouflages your presence
A

Your crew is dispatched to the location of a domestic dispute. Local law enforcement advises that the suspect, a 43-year-old male, has left the scene. When you arrive, you find a 38-year-old female with multiple bruises to the face and a deformity at the left shoulder that is consistent with a dislocation. While you are assessing the patient, the suspect returns to the scene. The victim states, “I am not leaving. This is my home.” Which of the following is true regarding your attempt to increase your safety?
A) b. Leaving the scene without the patient is your preferred option.
B) c. Leaving the scene without the patient would be considered abandonment at this point.
C) d. Leaving the scene without the patient would be considered neglect at this point.
D) a. Leaving the scene without the patient is neither neglect nor abandonment.
A

A medical transport helicopter is incoming and you are responsible for setting up the landing zone (LZ). You should: B. use weighted cones to mark all four corners of the LZ. A type _____ ambulance features a conventional, truck cab-chassis …

Which of the following is NOT a responsibility of the Emergency Medical​ Dispatcher? Providing medical direction to the responding units Prepare the prehospital care​ report: as soon as you are free from​ patient-care activities. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY …

delivering a patient to the hospital involves all of the following activities, EXCEPT: giving a verbal report to the triage clerk the six-pointed Star of Life emblem identifies vehicles that: meet federal specifications as licensed or certified ambulances WE WILL …

While en route to a call for a patient in cardiac arrest, you approach a stopped school bus with its red warning lights flashing. You should: A. slowly and carefully pass the bus on the left side. B. pass the …

Operators of emergency vehicles must drive with the safety of others in mind. This is known as​ driving: A. defensively. B. with emergency privilege. C. with due regard. D. as a public servant. C You have transported a stable patient …

Protective gear may include: Turnout gear Helmets Hearing protection Fire extinguisher Blood- and fluid-impermeable gloves Leather gloves over disposable gloves Air bags =fill with a nonharmful gas on impact and quickly deflate; located in the steering wheel and passenger dash …

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