Chapter 9 Emergency Medical Terms

Ambu bag
A bag placed over the nose and mouth to assist in providing artificial ventilation to the lungs

Anaphylaxis
Hypersensitive state of the body to a foriegn protein or drug

Automated External Defibulator(AED)
A portable, self-contained, automated device with voice instructions on use for individuals in cardiac arrest

Bandage
Nonsterile gauze or other material applied over a sterile dressing to protect and immobilize

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation(CPR)
Combination of rescue breathing and chest compressions performed by a trained individual on a patient in cardiac arrest

Cardioversion
conversion of a patholgical cardiac rhythm(arrhythmia), such as ventricular fibrillation to normal sinus rhythm

Cauterized
to destroy tissue through application of a causitive agent, hot instrument, electric current, or other agent

Constriction Band
a band of material used to controll severe bleeding in an extremity that has been injured due to trauma

Crash Cart/Tray
tray or portable cart that contains medications and supplies needed for emergency and first aid procedures

Crepitation
grating sound heard on movement of ends of a broken bone

Dressing
Sterile gauze or other material applied directly to a wound to absorb secretions and to protect the wound

Emergency Medical Services(EMS)
Local network of Police, Fire and Emergency medical personnel trained to respond to emergency situations

Explicit
fully revealed or expressed w/o ambiguity or vagueness, leaving no question as to intent

First Aid
immidiate care provided to persons who are suddenly ill or injured

Fracture(Fx)
break in a bone

Heimlich Maneuver
abdominal thrusts designed to overcome breathing difficulties in patients who are choking

Hypothermia
extremely dangerous cold related condition that can result in death if the individual does not recieve care and if progession is not reversed

Implicit
Capable of being understood from somthing else though unexpressed

Lackluster
dull, lacking in sheen

Normal Saline
a solution of sodium chloride and distilled water

Occlusion
closure of passage

Rescue Breathing
performed on individuals in respiratory arrest, a mouth to mouth procedure that provides oxygen to the patient until EMS arrives

Risk Management
Techniques adhered to in the ambulatory care setting that keep the practice, its enviroment, and its procedures as safe for the patient as possible

Shock
potentially serious condition in which the circulatory system is not providing enough blood to all parts of the body, causing te body’s organs to fail to function properly

Splint
any device used to immobilize a body part

Sprain
injury to a joint that involes tearing a ligament

Standard Precautions
precautions developed by the CDC that provide a wide range of protection when in contact with blood and or body fluids

Strain
injury to the soft tissue between joints that involes the tearing of muscles or tendons

Synscope
fainting

Systemic
pertaining to the whole blood

Triage
process and prioritize patients needs

Universal Emergency Medical Identification Symbol
ID sometimes carried by individuals to identify health problems they may have

Wound
a break in the continuity of soft parts of body structures

Cauterization destruction of tissue with a hot or cold instrument, electric current, or caustic substance (also called cautery) Cryosurgery destruction of tissue by using exterme cold, often by using liquid nitrogen WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY …

ABG Arterial blood gases. A test where blood is drawn and measured for oxygen content. The ABG tells the physician whether or not the patient is getting enough oxygen into the bloodstream. An ABG is frequently used for cases of …

Emergency medical care has developed from the days when the local funeral home provided ambulance service to the current, modern emergency medical services (EMS) system. Major improvements in emergency medical care over the years include all of the following EXCEPT: …

respiratory deliver air to lungs and supplies the blood with oxygen, convey oxygen from inhaled air to blood for body cells, expel waste co2 trough exhalation, produce the airflow Upper respiratory tract consists of Nose, Mouth, Pharynx, epiglottis, Larynx, and …

ROOTS ~ROOTS PROVIDE THE CORE MEANING OF MEDICAL TERMS. ~ALL MEDICAL TERMS HAVE ONE OR MORE ROOTS. ~ADDING A SUFFIX OR A PREFIX TO A ROOT CAN BUILD NEW WORDS WITH DIFFERENT MEANINGS. ex.- THE WORD PNEUMONIA HAS THE ROOT …

As mentioned before, EMS mainly comprises of different people who are skilled and specially trained for medical emergency situations. These types of medical personnel include: 1. Emergency Medical Technicians- they are often called EMTs and undergo various types of training …

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