Chapter 8 PLQs

This is the anterior bone that articulates with the manubrium of the sternum at the sternoclavicular joint.
Clavicle

This bone has an S-shape that includes the medial half of the bone being concave anteriorly.
Clavicle

Which of the following bones articulates with the scapula?

a) Acromial extremity
b) Conoidtubercle
c) Sternal end
d) Costaltuberosity
e) Xiphoid process

Humerus

This part of the clavicle is rounded and articulates with the manubrium of the sternum.
Acromial extremity

The following is a bone marking on the clavicle that serves as an attachment site.
Impression for the costoclavicular ligament

Why does a fracture of the clavicle usually occur in the mid-region of the bone?
Due to weakness at the junction of the two curves of clavicle

Which part of the clavicle articulates with the manubrium?
D

Which is the only part of the clavicle that articulates with the scapula?
A

Which part of the clavicle is an attachment site for the costoclavicular ligament?
C

Which site labeled on the diagram is considered the weakest point of the clavicle?
E

Which of the following bones is located in the posterior thorax between the levels of second and seventh vertebrae?

a) Sternum
b) Clavicle
c) Pelvis
d) Scapula
e) Sacrum

d) Scapula

Which bone articulates with the scapula at the glenoid cavity?

a) Ileum
b) Thoracic vertebra
c) Sternum
d) Clavicle
e) Humerus

e) Humerus

This is the thick edge of the scapula that is closer to the arm.
Axillary border

Which of the following bone markings is located in the most superior position on the scapula?

a) Infraspinous fossa
b) Supraspinousfossa
c) Acromion
d) Subscapularfossa
e) Scapular notch

c) Acromion

Which of the following bone markings are found on the anterior surface of the scapula?

a) Infraspinous fossa
b) Supraspinousfossa
c) Subscapular fossa
d) Both infraspinous fossa and supraspinous fossa
e) None of these choices are correct.

c) Subscapular fossa

What is the scapular notch used for?
Passageway for suprascapular nerve

Which of the following bone markings on the scapula is an indentation into which the head
of the humerus fits?

a) Coracoid process
b) Glenoid cavity
c) Acromion
d) Scapular notch
e) Supraspinous fossa

Glenoidcavity

Which of the following statements is TRUE with regard to the human hand?

a) There are 5 carpals, 8 metacarpals and 14 phalanges.
b)There are 8 carpals, 6 metacarpals and 14 phalanges
c) There are 8 carpals, 5 metacarpals and 15 phalanges
d)There are 8 carpals,5 metacarpals and 14 phalanges
e) There are 5 carpals, 8 metacarpals and 14 phalanges

D

The glenohumeral joint is formed by articulation of the
humerus and scapula.

The epiphyseal line on the proximal end of the humerus is found in the
anatomical neck.

The lesser tubercle of the humerus
projects anteriorly.

The deltoid tuberosity of the humerus is found
along the middle region of the shaft.

The capitulum of the humerus articulates with the
radius

The ________ is found on the proximal end of the humerus.
intertubercular sulcus

This is a spool-shaped process on distal end of the humerus that is found medial to the capitulum and articulates with the ulna.
Trochlea

The medial and lateral epicondyles are found on the distal end of the humerus and are used for
tendon attachment.

Which of the following bones is the longest?

a) Radius
b) Phalange
c) Clavicle
d) Ulna
e) Scaphoid

Ulna

Which of the following structures is found in the elbow?

a) Acromion
b) Surgical neck
c) Olecranon
d) Lesser tubercle
e) Both acromion and olecranon

Olecranon

Which of the following structures on the ulna receives the trochlea of the humerus?

a) Olecranon fossa
b) Coronoid process
c) Trochlear notch
d) Radial notch
e) Capitulum

Coronoid process

Which notch is found between the olecranon and coronoid process?

a) Ulnar notch
b) Radial notch
c) Olecranal notch
d) Trochlear notch
e) Epicondyle notch

Trochlear notch

Where does the biceps brachii muscle attach to the ulna?
Ulnar tuberosity

The ulna and radius connect with each other at how many sites?
3

What is the function of the interosseous membrane between the ulna and radius?
Joins the shafts of two bones

This depression on the ulna is found lateral and inferior to the trochlear notch.
Radial notch

The distal end of the radius articulates with how many bones of the wrist
3

The carpal bones of the wrist are arranged
in 2 transverse rows of 4 bones.

Which of the following carpal bones is named for its large hook-shaped projection on its anterior surface?

a) Lunate
b) Scaphoid
c) Triquetrum
d) Hamate
e) Pisiform

Hamate

What is included in the carpal tunnel?
All of these choices are correct.

The carpometacarpal joint consists of the
head of metacarpal bones and proximal row of carpal bones.

How many phalanges are in each hand?
14

The coxal bones unite anteriorly at a joint called the
pubic symphysis.

What is the function of the pelvic girdle?
Attachment site for lower limbs

In the standard anatomical position, the _____ is the bone of the pelvis found the most superior.
Ilium

The auricular surface of the ilium
articulates with the sacrum.

This is the largest foramen in the human skeleton.
Obturator foramen

This projection extends superiorly and laterally along the superior ramus of the pubis eventually merging with the arcuate line of the ilium.
Inferior gluteal line

The hip joint is the joint found between
the pelvis and femur.

The portion of the bony pelvis that is found inferior to the pelvic brim is called
the true pelvis.

The pelvic inlet
is the superior opening of the true pelvis.

In comparison to the male pelvis, the female pelvis is NOT
larger in the acetabulum.

Each lower limb has
30 bones found in 4 locations.

The shaft of the femur angles
medially

Which process on the femur serves as an attachment point for tendons of several thigh muscles?

a) Gluteal tuberosity
b) Linea aspera
c) Medial epicondyle
d)Both gluteal tuberosity and linea aspera
e) Both linea aspera and medial epicondyle

Both gluteal tuberosity and linea aspera

Which of the following markings is located on the medial side of the femur?

a) Lesser trochanter
b) Greater trochanter
c) Gluteal tuberosity
d) Lateral epicondyle
e) Linea aspera

Lesser trochanter

This is a bone that develops in the tendon of the quadriceps femoris muscle and protects the knee joint.
Patella

The medial and lateral condyles of the femur fit into what part of the patella?
Articular facets

Which of the structures listed below is NOT part of the knee joint?

a) Lateral condyle of the femur
b) Medialcondyleofthefemur
c) Lateral malleolus of the fibula
d) Condylesofthetibia
e) Patella

Lateral malleolus of the fibula

The hard sharp ridge of the shin that can easily be felt below the skin is the
anterior border (crest) of the tibia.

The lateral malleolus is found on the distal end of what bone?
Fibula

Which of following bones is NOT a tarsal bone?

a) Talus
b) Calcaneus
c) Navicular
d) Cuneiform
e) Capitate

Capitate

Which of the followings structures is not found in the foot?

a) Pollex
b) Hallux
c) Talus
d) Longitudinalarch
e) Transverse arch

Pollex

Which of the labeled structures in the diagram is the sharp ridge that runs across the posterior surface of the scapula?
E

Which of the labeled structures in the diagram serve as attachment sites for tendons of the shoulder muscles?
E

Which of the labeled structures in the diagram is the coracoid process?
A

Which of the labeled structures in the diagram is the supraspinous fossa?
C

In the diagram of the humerus, which is the lateral epicondyle?
B

In the diagram of the humerus, this structure receives the head of the radius when the forearm is flexed.
A

In the diagram of the humerus, where is the anatomical neck?
D

In the diagram of the humerus, where do the tendons of most of the muscles of the forearm attach?
C

In the diagram of the humerus, where is the olecranon fossa?
E

In the diagram of the humerus, where is the trochlea?
C

In the diagram of the ulna and radius, where is the styloid process of the radius?
E

In the diagram of the ulna and radius, where are attachment sites for tendons of the deep skeletal muscles of the forearm?
C

In the diagram of the ulna and radius, where is the radial tuberosity?
B

In the diagram of the ulna and radius, this is where the head of the ulna articulates with the radius.
E

In the diagram of the ulna and radius, where is the ulnar tuberosity?
A

In the diagram of the wrist and hand, where is the capitate bone?
D

In the diagram of the wrist and hand, where is the trapezoid bone?
C

In the diagram of the hand and wrist, where is the pisiform bone?
D

In the diagram of the hand and wrist, where is the scaphoid bone?
A

In the diagram of the hand and wrist, where is the lunate bone?
B

In the diagrams of the pelvis, where is the pectineal line?
E

In the diagrams of the pelvis, where do the tendons of the gluteal muscles attach?
A

In the diagrams of the pelvis, where do the tendons of the iliacus muscles attach?
C

Which structure in the pelvis is where the longest nerve in the body passes?
C

In the diagrams of the pelvis, where is the ischial tuberosity?
D

Which labeled structure in the diagrams of the pelvis terminates anteriorly as the anterior superior iliac spine?
E

Which of the labeled structures of the femur serve as points of attachment for the tendons of thigh and buttocks muscles?
C

In the diagram of the femur, where is the intertrochanteric line?
A

Which labeled structures in the diagrams of the femur show the gluteal tuberosity blending into the linea aspera?
C

In the diagram of the femur, where is the medial condyle?
D

In the diagram of the femur, where is the intercondylar fossa?
C

In the diagram of the femur, where is the lateral epicondyle?
C

In the diagram of the tibia and fibula, where is the tibial tuberosity?
B

In the diagram of the tibia and fibula, where is the lateral condyle?
A

In the diagram of the tibia and fibula, what articulates with the condyles of the femur to form the tibiofemoral joint?
A

In the diagram of the tibia and fibula, this structure articulates with the talus and forms a protrusion on the medial surface of the ankle.
B

In the diagram of the tibia and fibula, this forms the prominence on the lateral surface of the ankle.
A

In the diagram of the foot, where is the first cuneiform?
E

In the diagram of the foot, where is the navicular?
C

Which labeled bone in the diagram of the foot is the largest and strongest tarsal bone?
A

In the diagram of the foot, the intertarsal joints are found between which bones.
E

Which labeled bone in the diagram of the foot is the only bone of the foot that articulates with the fibula and tibia?
B

Compare and contrast the male and female pelvis.
Solution: Male pelvis is heavier with a deeper false pelvis, a smaller pelvic inlet, a
rounder obturator foramen, and a pubic arch less than 90 degrees. The female pelvis is lighter with a shallower false pelvis, oval shaped pelvic inlet, and a pubic arch of over 90 degrees.

Name the bones that are included in each lower limb.
Solution: 30 bones: femur, patella, tibia, fibula, seven tarsals, 5 metatarsals and 14
phalanges.

Name the bones that are included in each upper limb.
Solution: 30 bones; humerus, ulna, radius, 8 carpals, 5 metacarpals and 14 phalanges.

The pectoral girdle consists of 2 bones labeled ______ and ____ in the diagram.
C

Name the joint labeled B in the diagram,
sternoclavicular joint

Name the joint labeled D in the diagram.
acromioclavicular joint

Name the joint labeled E in the diagram
glenohumeral joint

deltoid tuberosity raised area on the lateral surface of humerus to which deltoid muscle attaches humerus arm bone WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample clavicle and scapula …

This is the anterior bone that articulates with the manubrium of the sternum at the sternoclavicular joint Clavicle This bone has an S-Shape that includes the medial half of the bone being convex anteriorly and the lateral half being concave …

Subscapular fossa Name the anterior depression on the scapula Glenoid cavity/fossa The humerus fits into what specific part of the scapula? WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample …

Name the anterior depression on the scapula. Subscapular Fossa The humerus fits into what specific part of the scapula? Glenoid Cavity WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample …

primary function of the appendicular skeleton – movement components of the appendicular skeleton – bones that make up the upper and lower limbs – bones of the two girdles that attach the limbs to the axial skeleton WE WILL WRITE …

Name the anterior depression on the scapula sub-scapular fossa The humerus fits into what specific part of the scapula glenoid cavity WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample …

David from Healtheappointments:

Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one? Check it out https://goo.gl/chNgQy