Chapter 7 Principles of Pharmacology EMT-B

the process by which medications travel through body tissues until they reach the bloodstream

the therapeutic effect of a medication on the body

activated charcoal
an absorbent; binds harmful chemicals that have been ingested. This binding effect delays digestion and absorption of the chemical by the body

the process of binding or sticking to a surface

a medication that causes stimulation of receptors

a medication that binds to a receptor and blocks other medications

a medication that is an antipyretic (reduces fever), analgesic (reduces pain), anti-inflammatory, and potent inhibitor of platelet aggregation (clumping)

conditions that make a particular medication or treatment inappropriate, for example, a condition in which a medication should not be given because it would not help or may actually harm a patient

the amount of medication given on the basis of the patient’s size and age

EMT-administered medication
When the EMT directly administers the medication to the patient

enteral medications
medications that enter the body through the digestive system

A medication that increases heart rate and blood pressure but also eases breathing problems by decreasing muscle tone of the bronchi ole tree; you may be allowed to help the patient self-administer the medication

a semi liquid substance that is administered orally in capsule form or through plastic tubes

generic name
the original chemical name of medication (in contrast with one of its “trade names”); the name is not capitalized

an abnormally low blood glucose level

the therapeutic uses for a specific medication

breathing into the lungs; a medication delivery route

intended effect
the effect that a medication is expected to have on the body

intramuscular (IM) injection
an injection into a muscle; a medication delivery route

intranasal (IN)
a delivery route in which a medication is pushed through a specialized atomizer device called a mucosal atomizer device (MAD) into the nare

intraosseous (IO)
into the bone; medication delivery route

intravenous (IV) injection
an injection directly into a vein; medication delivery route

a chemical substance that is used to treat or prevent disease or relieve pain

meter-dose inhaler (MDI)
a miniature spray canister through which droplets or particles of medication may be inhaled

mucosal atomizer device (MAD)
a device that is used to change a liquid medication into a spray and pushes it into a nostril

a medication that increases cardiac perfusion by causing arteries to dilate

oral glucose
a simple sugar that is readily absorbed by the bloodstream; it is carried on the EMS unit

parenteral medications
medication that enter the body by a route other than the digestive tract, skin, or mucous membranes

patient-assisted medication
what the EMT assists the patient with the administration of their own medication

peer-assisted medication
when the EMT administers medication to him or herself or to a partner

per os (PO)
through the mouth; a medication delivery route; same as oral

per rectum (PR)
through the rectum; medication delivery route

the process by which a medication works on the body

the study of the properties and effects of medications

the use of multiple medications on a regular basis

side effects
any effects of a medication other than the desired ones

a liquid mixture that cannot be separated by filtering or allowing the mixture to stand

subcutaneous (SC) injection
injection into the tissue between the skin and muscle; a medication delivery route

sublingual (SL)
under the tongue; medication delivery route

a mixture of ground particles that are distributed evenly throughout a liquid but do not dissolve

transcutaneous (transdermal)
through the skin; medication delivery route

unintened effect
actions that are undesirable but pose little risk to the patient

untoward effects
actions that can be harmful to the patient

rate of absorption for per rectum?

rrate of absorption for ingestion

rate of absorption for intravenous?

rate of absorption for intraosseous

rate of absorption for subcutaneous?

rate of absorption for intramuscular?

rate of absorption for inhalation?

rate of absorption for sublingual?

rate of absorption for transcutaneous?

what are the six rights of medication administration?
1. right patient
2. right medication
3. right dose
4. right route
5. right time
6. right documentation

after administering medication,
always reasses the patient to confirm it is working/not working/ getting worse etc. every 5 min

nonrebreathing mask at

nasal cannula at

don’t use a medicine if
it is discolored or cloudy.

some medicine EMTs can administer (depending on state)
O2, activated charcoal, oral glucose, aspirin, epinephrine auto-injector, metered dose inhaler, nitroglycerin

always confirm with med control before administering and reiterate the directions to med control to confirm

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Absorption Uptake of medications for distribution in the body through or across tissues Active ingredient Medicinal ingredient in a pure, undiluted form of the chemical that has effects on body functions WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY …

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