Chapter 7 Principles of Pharmacology EMT-B

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absorption
the process by which medications travel through body tissues until they reach the bloodstream

action
the therapeutic effect of a medication on the body

activated charcoal
an absorbent; binds harmful chemicals that have been ingested. This binding effect delays digestion and absorption of the chemical by the body

adsorption
the process of binding or sticking to a surface

agonist
a medication that causes stimulation of receptors

antagonist
a medication that binds to a receptor and blocks other medications

aspirin
a medication that is an antipyretic (reduces fever), analgesic (reduces pain), anti-inflammatory, and potent inhibitor of platelet aggregation (clumping)

contraindications
conditions that make a particular medication or treatment inappropriate, for example, a condition in which a medication should not be given because it would not help or may actually harm a patient

dose
the amount of medication given on the basis of the patient’s size and age

EMT-administered medication
When the EMT directly administers the medication to the patient

enteral medications
medications that enter the body through the digestive system

epinephrine
A medication that increases heart rate and blood pressure but also eases breathing problems by decreasing muscle tone of the bronchi ole tree; you may be allowed to help the patient self-administer the medication

gel
a semi liquid substance that is administered orally in capsule form or through plastic tubes

generic name
the original chemical name of medication (in contrast with one of its “trade names”); the name is not capitalized

hypoglycemia
an abnormally low blood glucose level

indications
the therapeutic uses for a specific medication

inhalations
breathing into the lungs; a medication delivery route

intended effect
the effect that a medication is expected to have on the body

intramuscular (IM) injection
an injection into a muscle; a medication delivery route

intranasal (IN)
a delivery route in which a medication is pushed through a specialized atomizer device called a mucosal atomizer device (MAD) into the nare

intraosseous (IO)
into the bone; medication delivery route

intravenous (IV) injection
an injection directly into a vein; medication delivery route

medication
a chemical substance that is used to treat or prevent disease or relieve pain

meter-dose inhaler (MDI)
a miniature spray canister through which droplets or particles of medication may be inhaled

mucosal atomizer device (MAD)
a device that is used to change a liquid medication into a spray and pushes it into a nostril

nitroglycerin
a medication that increases cardiac perfusion by causing arteries to dilate

oral glucose
a simple sugar that is readily absorbed by the bloodstream; it is carried on the EMS unit

parenteral medications
medication that enter the body by a route other than the digestive tract, skin, or mucous membranes

patient-assisted medication
what the EMT assists the patient with the administration of their own medication

peer-assisted medication
when the EMT administers medication to him or herself or to a partner

per os (PO)
through the mouth; a medication delivery route; same as oral

per rectum (PR)
through the rectum; medication delivery route

pharmacodynnamics
the process by which a medication works on the body

pharmacology
the study of the properties and effects of medications

polypharmacy
the use of multiple medications on a regular basis

side effects
any effects of a medication other than the desired ones

solution
a liquid mixture that cannot be separated by filtering or allowing the mixture to stand

subcutaneous (SC) injection
injection into the tissue between the skin and muscle; a medication delivery route

sublingual (SL)
under the tongue; medication delivery route

suspension
a mixture of ground particles that are distributed evenly throughout a liquid but do not dissolve

transcutaneous (transdermal)
through the skin; medication delivery route

unintened effect
actions that are undesirable but pose little risk to the patient

untoward effects
actions that can be harmful to the patient

rate of absorption for per rectum?
rapid

rrate of absorption for ingestion
slow

rate of absorption for intravenous?
immediate

rate of absorption for intraosseous
immediate

rate of absorption for subcutaneous?
slow

rate of absorption for intramuscular?
moderate

rate of absorption for inhalation?
rapid

rate of absorption for sublingual?
rapid

rate of absorption for transcutaneous?
slow

what are the six rights of medication administration?
1. right patient
2. right medication
3. right dose
4. right route
5. right time
6. right documentation

after administering medication,
always reasses the patient to confirm it is working/not working/ getting worse etc. every 5 min

nonrebreathing mask at
10-15L/min

nasal cannula at
2-6L/min

don’t use a medicine if
it is discolored or cloudy.

some medicine EMTs can administer (depending on state)
O2, activated charcoal, oral glucose, aspirin, epinephrine auto-injector, metered dose inhaler, nitroglycerin

always confirm with med control before administering and reiterate the directions to med control to confirm

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Absorption Process by which medications travel through body tissue Contradiction Situation in which a drug should not be given …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy angina pectoris spasmlike pain in the chest caused by myocardial anoxia bronchodilator drug that relaxes contractions of the smooth …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Excretion Action by which a drug leaves the body. Absorption The action by which the body takes in or …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy A 31-year-old female is experiencing an acute asthma attack. She is conscious and alert, but in obvious respiratory distress. …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Angina Pectoris spasm like pain in the chest caused by myocardial anoxia Bronchodilator drug that relaxes contraction of the …

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy Absorption Uptake of medications for distribution in the body through or across tissues Active ingredient Medicinal ingredient in a …

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