Chapter 3 Practice Quizzes

The safest and MOST efficient methods for using​ one’s body to facilitate lifting and moving are​ called:
A.
lifting techniques
B.
body structures
C.
lifting mechanics
D.
body mechanics
D. Body Mechanics

When you are lifting and carrying equipment with one​ hand, it is important to keep your back in what​ position?
A.
Backward curved
B.
Flexible
C.
Forward curved
D.
Locked
D. Locked

You are confronted with a situation in which your BEST option to move the patient will be to quickly use a blanket​ drag, shirt​ drag, or​ armpit-forearm drag. These maneuvers are referred to​ as:
A.
urgent moves.
B.
direct ground moves.
C.
nonurgent moves.
D.
emergency moves.
D. Emergency moves

***

What is the term for a lift from a squatting position with weight to be lifted close to the​ body, feet apart and flat on the​ ground, body weight on or just behind the balls of the​ feet, and the back locked​ in?
A.
Power lift
B.
Emergency move
C.
Nonurgent move
D.
Urgent move
A. Power lift

Safe patient lifting and moving techniques​ include:
A.
carrying as much equipment as you can at one time to minimize​ on-scene time.
B.
having patients walk to the ambulance.
C.
using the easiest recommended moves and equipment.
D.
using as few people as possible to assist with the lifting to avoid injuries.
C.
using the easiest recommended moves and equipment.

What is the MOST important thing you can do to prevent an injury to yourself when moving​ patients?
A.
Let your partner lift the head of the wheeled cot.
B.
Work with a strong partner.
C.
Always call for backup for any patient who weighs over 200 pounds.
D.
Know your limitations.
D.
Know your limitations.

Maintaining physical fitness and use of proper lifting and moving techniques by EMTs is of utmost importance​ because:
A.
if you drop a​ patient, you will be sued.
B.
the process of lifting and moving patients is one skill that is used on almost every patient.
C.
you should always make sure you are stronger than your partner.
D.
you will have to call for a lift assist more often than is appropriate.
B.
the process of lifting and moving patients is one skill that is used on almost every patient.

As an​ EMT, what do you NEVER want to do while lifting a​ patient?
A.
Position your feet shoulder width apart.
B.
Keep the weight close to your body.
C.
Use your legs.
D.
Turn or twist.
D.
Turn or twist

An important key to preventing injury while lifting or moving​ is:
A.
not compensating when lifting with one hand.
B.
extending or flexing the wrists and knees to prevent injury to the extremities.
C.
maintaining an outward curve of the back to reduce the potential for spinal injury.
D.
using manual force instead of equipment when possible.
A.
not compensating when lifting with one hand.

To use your legs instead of your back to​ lift, you​ must:
A.
lock both elbows straight.
B.
keep the weight at​ arm’s length.
C.
keep the weight close to your body.
D.
place your palms downward.
C

To avoid injuries while lifting and moving an obese patient over a long​ distance, what must always be present among team​ members?
A.
Camaraderie
B.
Relationships
C.
Communication
D.
Cohesion
C

What muscle groups should NOT be utilized in preparing to lift a heavy patient from the​ ground?
A.
Gluteal muscles
B.
Back muscles
C.
Hip muscles
D.
Leg muscles
B

Which of the following helps to prevent injury from lifting and carrying a​ patient?
A.
Keep the weight away from your body.
B.
Use your leg muscles.
C.
Keep your knees locked.
D.
Lift with both palms down.
B

General guidelines for lifting​ include:
A.
challenging yourself physically.
B.
positioning your feet approximately six inches apart.
C.
considering the size and weight of the patient.
D.
minimizing verbal communication.
C

Why should multiple EMTs who are preparing to lift a patient be positioned at optimal locations around the​ patient?
A.
To match up the newest EMTs together during the lift since they will be the least experienced
B.
To allow better communication to the patient explaining what is about to happen
C.
So that EMTs with similar height and strength can be matched on either side of the patient
D.
So that the patient knows the EMTs understand what to do
C

To minimize your risk of serious back injury while​ lifting:
A.
use the muscles of your back.
B.
keep your head and shoulders level with your​ hips, and keep your hips above your feet.
C.
keep the weight of the object to be lifted away from your body.
D.
use the large muscles of your​ legs, hips, and buttocks.
D

Bending all fingers at the same angle and placing the hands ten inches apart are two key elements of​ the:
A.
stretcher operation.
B.
power grip.
C.
traction lift.
D.
power lift.
B

*****

Which of the following technique is used by power weight​ lifters?
A.
Power lift
B.
​Knee-chest lift
C.
​Clean-and-jerk lift
D.
Squat thrust
A

Which of the choices would be a poor technique to use if you were about to lift a heavy​ patient?
A.
Keeping the weight close to your body
B.
​”Stacking” your body and moving it as a unit
C.
Lifting with the muscles of your​ legs, buttocks, and hip
D.
Lifting the patient and twist while lowering to the stretcher
D

The technique of the power lift​ includes:
A.
placing your hands about three to four inches apart.
B.
turning your feet slightly inward for stability.
C.
keeping your feet close together.
D.
bending your knees to bring your center of gravity closer to the object.
D

In​ reaching, what should be done every​ time?
A.
Prolong the reach.
B.
Twist.
C.
Have a​ locked-in back.
D.
Reach more than fifteen inches.
C

Which of the following is recommended in moving something​ heavy?
A.
Reaching
B.
Leaning
C.
Pulling
D.
Pushing
D

When​ reaching, pushing, or​ pulling, the EMT should​ always:
A.
keep the elbows locked in
B.
keep the knees locked in
C.
keep the back locked in.
D.
keep the wrists locked in
C

Which of the following is good technique in pulling or​ pushing?
A.
Keep the weight fifteen inches from your body.
B.
Avoid pushing or pulling overhead.
C.
Keep your elbows locked and your arms apart.
D.
​Pull, rather than​ push, if at all possible.
B

When assessing a​ patient, you quickly decide that it is in the​ patient’s best interest for you to do an emergency move. Which of the following is NOT an indication for an emergency​ move?
A.
There is immediate danger to you.
B.
You are unable to provide lifesaving care to the patient because of the​ patient’s location.
C.
Dispatch is holding calls for your community.
D.
You are unable to gain access to other patients who need lifesaving care.
C

Indications for an emergency move include​ (1) immediate environmental danger to the patient or​ rescuer, (2) inability to gain access to other patients who need lifesaving​ care, and​ (3) inability to provide lifesaving care because of the​ patient’s location or position.

An emergency move would be permitted in order to change a​ patient’s position so that you​ could:
A.
dress a wound.
B.
apply a cervical spine collar.
C.
perform CPR.
D.
splint an open fracture.
C

Fire and exposure to explosives or other hazardous materials are examples of immediate dangers that would​ warrant:
A.
an urgent move such as rapid extrication.
B.
a rapid move such as the FAST maneuver.
C.
an emergency move such as a clothes drag.
D.
an abbreviated move such as a​ two-person ground lift.
C

You have been dispatched to a home​ where, upon​ entering, you note that there is smoke in the rear of the building. The patient is unconscious on the living room couch. You have about two to three minutes to get the patient out the front door. What type of move will this​ require?
A.
A nonurgent move will work in this case.
B.
Get the stair chair and wheel the patient out.
C.
An emergency move will be the most appropriate in this case.
D.
Use an urgent move to get the patient out.
C

Which of the following is a situation in which urgent moves are​ necessary?
A.
You have another call holding.
B.
The​ patient’s airway is compromised.
C.
The patient is restless.
D.
You are late for shift change.
B

You are on the scene of a car crash where the patient is sitting in the​ driver’s seat with a potential spine injury. There is a small fire in the engine​ compartment, and smoke is coming out from under the hood of the car. What should you​ do?
A.
Use the rapid extrication technique.
B.
Direct the patient to exit the vehicle.
C.
Instruct the patient to stay in the car.
D.
Apply the KED quickly.
A

Rapid extrication is an urgent move technique that is used when​ (1) the​ patient’s condition is so unstable that you need to move and transport the patient​ immediately, (2) the scene is not​ safe, or​ (3) the patient blocks your access to a​ second, more seriously injured patient.

An efficient way of transferring a patient from your wheeled stretcher to a hospital bed is called​ the:
A.
draw sheet method.
B.
extremity lift.
C.
direct ground lift.
D.
direct carry method.
A

To minimize or prevent aggravation of a spinal injury during an emergency​ move, the EMT should move the patient in the direction of​ the:
A.
lateral axis of the body.
B.
long axis of the body.
C.
vertical axis of the body.
D.
short axis of the body.
B

When performing a​ one-rescuer drag down​ stairs, you​ should:
A.
drag the patient feet first.
B.
drag the patient head first.
C.
​push, not​ pull, the patient.
D.
straddle the patient.
B

The clothes​ drag, incline​ drag, and shoulder drag are examples​ of:
A.
a​ two-rescuer emergency move.
B.
a​ one-rescuer emergency move.
C.
a​ two-rescuer non-emergency move.
D.
a​ one-rescuer non-emergency move.
B

An ambulance that is specially equipped to handle obese patients is​ called:
A.
a critical care ambulance.
B.
a bariatric ambulance.
C.
a​ medium-duty ambulance.
D.
an MICU ambulance.
B

Short backboards​ (vest or​ KED) are usually used​ to:
A.
assist in lifting patients up steep terrain.
B.
immobilize supine patients before transport.
C.
immobilize sitting patients before moving them.
D.
secure patients with possible spinal injuries but without neurological deficits.
C

For which of the following conditions would a bariatric stretcher be​ indicated?
A.
Morbid obesity
B.
Multiple angulated fractures
C.
Severe burns
D.
Cervical injury
A

Which of the following uses a​ battery-powered hydraulic system to lift the​ patient?
A.
A manual stretcher
B.
A stair chair
C.
A power stretcher
D.
A scoop stretcher
C

A flexible device that is used to help immobilize the spine of an adult patient in confined​ spaces, such as a bucket seat of a​ car, is​ a:
A.
​vest-type extrication device.
B.
Reeves stretcher.
C.
​Pedi-Mate backboard.
D.
scoop stretcher.
A

A widely used​ vest-style immobilization device is the Kendrick Extrication Device​ (KED).

The advantages of using a wheeled stretcher to move a patient include​ that:
A.
it is good for use on​ stairways, narrow​ corridors, and small elevators.
B.
it is a good spinal immobilizer and can serve as a CPR surface.
C.
it enables movement without​ carrying, is mechanically​ simple, and is comfortable.
D.
it is good for traversing rough terrain and can be lifted with a flotation harness.
C

In moving a patient on a​ stretcher, what is the safest level at which to do​ so?
A.
​Mid-elevated from the ground
B.
A fully elevated position
C.
Closest to the ground
D.
The reclined position
C

There are two types of spine​ boards, one of which is​ the:
A.
pediatric spine board.
B.
long spine board.
C.
padded spine board.
D.
pneumatic spine board.
B

Which of the following is a patient who could be transported on a stair​ chair?
A.
A patient with a neck or spine injury
B.
An unresponsive patient
C.
A patient with a need for airway care
D.
A patient who is having difficulty breathing
D

What device becomes rigid and conforming when air is withdrawn and naturally pads voids for greater​ comfort?
A.
Basket stretcher
B.
Vacuum mattress
C.
Scoop stretcher
D.
Flexible stretcher
B

What is the BEST way to transport a patient securely who is suspected of having a spinal​ injury?
A.
​Semi-Fowler’s on the cot with the​ five-point harness attached
B.
Supine on the cot
C.
Sitting the​ captain’s chair with the lap and shoulder belt on
D.
Fully immobilized with necessary spinal precautions
D

A stair chair should be used in which of the following​ circumstances?
A.
When the patient has a suspected spinal injury
B.
When the patient has a​ lower-extremity injury
C.
When the patient has altered mental status
D.
When traversing narrow corridors and doorways
D

Unresponsive patients with no suspected spinal injury should be​ placed:
A.
in the recovery position.
B.
in the​ semi-sitting position.
C.
in the supine position.
D.
in the prone position.
A

Which of the following patients can safely be transported in the​ Fowler’s or​ semi-Fowler’s position?
A.
A patient with chest pain
B.
An unresponsive patient
C.
An apneic patient
D.
A patient with spinal trauma
A

Patients with decreased​ LOC, apnea, cardiac​ arrest, or spinal trauma cannot be transported in​ Fowler’s or​ semi-Fowler’s position.

Your patient is​ conscious, has no​ trauma, and is complaining of dyspnea. Which of the following is most likely the BEST way to position the patient during​ transport?
A.
Lying flat
B.
Feet elevated
C.
Left recumbent
D.
Sitting upright
D

Any patient who is unresponsive and has no spinal injury should be placed on the cot in which​ position?
A.
Trendelenburg
B.
​Fowler’s
C.
Supine
D.
Recovery
D

For many conscious​ patients, which of the following is the most comfortable position for​ transport?
A.
Fetal position
B.
Shock position
C.
Prone position
D.
​Semi-sitting position.
D

What would be the most comfortable stretcher for an​ 800-pound patient?
A.
Scoop
B.
Power
C.
Bariatric
D.
Basket
C

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