Chapter 3 Pharmacology Test

Root
The main part of word that gives the word its central meaning

Prefix
The structure at the beginning of the word that modifies the meaning of the root

Suffix
A word ending that modifies the meaning of the root

Chemical name
Describes the chemical makeup of a drug

Generic name
This is also called approved name or nonproprietary name

Proprietary name
Also called brand or trade name

Sources of drug derivation
Plants, animals (including humans) minerals or minerals products, synthetics, (chemical substances), and engineered investigational sources

Blackbox warning
The most severe warning from the FDA about a drug. This alerts all healthcare providers and patients about potentially harmful adverse effects of the drug.

Prescription drugs
Issued by a licensed prescriber (medical practitioner dentist a veterinary surgeon ) in some states nurse practitioners and even pharmacist can write prescriptions with certain restrictions

Inscription
Also known as medication prescribed

Superscription
Also known as RX symbol

Subscription
Dispensing directions to pharmacist

Signa
Directions for the patient

Standing orders
Written orders sometimes left by physicians as ongoing prescriptions in a hospital nursing home or residential care setting

Solid forms
Tablets, capsules, powders; disintegration of the solid-dose form must occur before dissolution, a process by which a drug goes into a solution and becomes available for absorption

Liquid forms
Solutions,suspensions, elixirs; more rapidly available for G.I. absorption then those in solid form

Pills
Powdered drugs mixed with liquids and rolled into a round or oval-shape

Tablets
Powdered drugs compressed with bulk-filling materials under high-pressure

Capsules
Drugs contained in an external shell

Sustained-release tablets and capsules
Containing several doses of the drug with special coatings that dissolve at different rates thereby releasing the drug gradually

Entric-coded tablets and capsules
Covered by a special coating that keeps the drugs from dissolving in the stomach

Caplets
Drugs shaped like capsules but in the form of tablets with film coatings

Gelcaps
Oil-based medications enclosed in soft gelatin capsules

Powders
Drugs that are dried and ground into fine particles

Granules
Small pills accompanied by many others. Encased within gelatin capsules

Troches or lozenges
Flattened discs placed on the tongue or between the cheek and gum and left in place until they dissolve

Topical drugs
Applied to the skin usually providing a local effect include transdermal patches lotions ointments and liniments

alternative medicine use of homeopathic remedies rather than pharmaceuticals apothecary forerunner of the modern pharmacist WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample black box warning information printed on …

angina pectoris spasmlike pain in the chest caused by myocardial anoxia bronchodilator drug that relaxes contractions of the smooth muscle of the bronchioles to improve lung venthilation WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU …

medication orders Rxs provided by a Doc for a patient for a specific medication; include written orders, verbal or standing orders, and stop orders basic parts of medication orders preprinted prescriber’s name & contact info WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM …

adverse effect drug effects that are not the desired therapeutic effects; may be unpleasanr or even dangerous brand name name given to a drug by the pharmaceutical company that developed it; also called trade name WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM …

1) Oxygen 2) Oral Glucose 3) Activated Charcoal 4) Aspirin What are the 4 medications carried on the EMS Unit? chemical name describes the drug’s chemical structure WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU …

Process by which the body takes in or receives a drug Absorption Action by which a drug is released throughout the body Distribution WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write …

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