Chapter 23 & 24 (History II)

What happened to America when it returned to a peacetime economy?
a 20 percent unemployment rate, the highest to date.

How would you characterize the harding administration?
scandals that touched many members of his administration.

What was the backbone of american industry?
the automobile industry

What was the outcome of the shift towards the assembly line in 1920’s?
a tremendous increase in business productivity and overall efficiency.

Who was responsible for the creation of welfare capitalism in the 1920s?
businesses created welfare capitalism to encourage workers; loyalty to the company.

Which relatively new industry in the 1920s linked the possession of material goods to the fulfillment of spiritual and emotional needs?
advertising

Why was he American economy so unstable in the 1920’s?
consumption

What was the flapper represent in this decade?
a challenge to women’s traditional gender roles

Why was the presence of women in politics diluted during this period of time?
the lack of unity around the issues, which diminished women voter’s impact

What was the image of the new woman in 1920s america?
it was felt by all women, even those who believed in traditional gender roles

what did black americans solider’s discover when they returned home from fighting?
races riots and economic

what helped to developed the growth of radio during this time period?
advertisers, who wanted to reach prospective customers in their own homes.

What did popular culture and consumer goods have in common in the 1920’s?
both were mass-produced and mass consumed.

Why was professional baseball so popular?

who was Charles lindsburg and why was he such an important hero?
fly nonstop across the Atlantic Ocean

Who were the leading authors of the time and what impact did they have on american society?

How did rural americans perceive the big cities?
idyllic places where they might go to enjoy restaurants, theater, museums.

What was the sacco and vanzetti case all about?
The Sacco zand Vanzetti trial was a high profile legal case in the 19th Century involving two italian Americans, Sacco and Vanzetti that were accused of murdering a guard at their shoe factory in Massachusetts. It was a politically charged trial because the two accused were of Italian desent, as well as the fact that they were anarchists. This was of a particular issue, because at the time many in the United States had anti- immigrant sentiments, as well as the Judge in the case uttered comments that were predjudiced against those who were anarchists

Why did Ku Klux Clan re emerge during this time period?
the widespread belief that blacks, immigrants, radicals, feminists, Catholics, and Jews threatened traditional American values.

What did Hoover say in his 1929 inagural speech that would later come back to haunt him?

What was the first signs in the late 1920’s that the american economy was in trouble?
a slowdown in the new construction and in automobile sales

What was the fundamental cause of the great depression?
problems in the American and international economies.

What did Hoover want to do to improve the economy?

What group was hit hardest by the depression?
low paid laborers

How were families impacted by the depression?
it created resentment among men, who lost their jobs more often than women did.

Who was Florence Owns and how did the depression impact her family?
plant, cultivate and harvest crops in the state’s agricultural fields

How did Roosevelt win the election of 1932?
unite Democrats from the Northeast, South, and west

What was the new deal?
New Deal President Franklin Roosevelt’s precursor of the modern welfare state (1933-1939); programs to combat economic depression enacted a number of social insureance measures and used government spending to stimulate the economy; increased power of the state and the state’s intervention in U.S. social and economic life.

What did Roosevelt mean when he said : the only thing to fear, is fear itself?
The terror caused by depression

Describe the three parts of the new deal.
Releif, Recovery, Reform

What was the foundation of roosevelt economic policy?
Capitalism held the solution to the nation’s economic crisis

What was the emergency banking act of 1933?
releasing federal funds to bolster the banks assets

What was FDIC? Is it still with us today?
FDIC guarantees deposits in individual bank accounts. In other words, if you put any money in a bank account you are guaranteed to get that same amount of money back.

What did roosevelt do to restore confidence in the banking system and government in general?
Roosevelt broadcast his reassuring fireside chats on the radio.

What was the purpose of the TVA?
The TVA helped supply jobs and power to impoverished rural communities.

What was the purpose of CCC?
Federal relief program established in March 1933 that provided assistance in the form of jobs to millions of unemployed young men and a handful of women. CCC workers worked on conservation projects throughout the nation.

Hoe did the new deal improve the quality of life in the rural areas of america?
By providing electricity to rural communities through the Rural Electrification Administration

Why was the NRA unsuccessful in regulating business?
The codes written by industry leaders tended to serve the interests of corporations only

Who were the opponents of the new deal?
business leaders and Some labor leaders

Where did migrant workers go in trying to escape from the new deal?
California

Who was father coughlin and who did he blame for the depression?
Communists, bankers and capitalists

what was the purpose of the wagner act? was it successful?
To create the National Labor Relations Board and guarantee workers the right to organize

Describe the court packing plan as initiated by FDR?
resident Roosevelt’s plan to remove judicial obstacles to the New Deal reforms in his second term of office

Describe the social security act of 1935?
A New Deal program created in August 1935 that was designed to provide a modest income for elderly people. The act also created unemployment insurance with modest benefits. Social Security provoked sharp opposition from conservatives and the wealthy.

What impact did the new deal programs have on unemployment in the 1930’s?
the programs reduced the average unemployment rate, but it remained high, at about 17%, through the 1930s

What was happening to to Mexican americans during the great depression?
thousands of Mexican Americans were deported, many with their American-born children

Why was FDR able to win in a landside in the 1936 election?
The New Deal’s extreme popularity among American voters

How did roosevelt want to change the economy in 1937
cut funds for relief projects and decreased deficit spending

Who was john maynard keynes? what did he advocate as far as the economy was concerned?
Government intervention is needed in bad economic times to pump enough money into the economy to revive production and increase consumption

what was the overall impact of the new deal on the american economy in the 1930’s?
It prevented the United States from turning toward authoritarian solutions to the nation’s economic crisis

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