Chapter 2 Public Health Nursing: Population Centered Health Care in the Community

American Public Health Association
1872 – to facilitate Interprofessional efforts and promote “practical application of public hygiene”

American Red Cross (later Town and Country Nursing Service)
provided a framework to initiate home nursing care in areas outside larger cities.

district nursing
providing care in the homes

District nursing Association
found by Rathbone, aimed to give care to poor who couldn’t afford private home care nursing

Had a vision of trained nurses, professional nursing, and nursing education. Implemented her ideas during the Crimean War and established hospitals for the sick and wounded soldiers

Frontier Nursing Service
first nurse-midwives to pioneer and provide nursing services to underdeveloped locations

Lil Wald
established leader of public health nursing

Mary Breckinridge
established frontier nursing service

Metropolitan Life Insurance Company
cooperative program with visiting nurse organizations that expanded availability of public health services – Wald was part of this

National Organization for Public Health Nursing
included nurses and supporters, sought to “improve the educational and services standards of the public health nurse, and promote public understanding and respect for her work”

Official Health Agencies
had less control over their practice roles (as compared to local health departments) due to physicians and politicians determining services in health department

Settlement Houses
neighborhood centers that were hubs for healthcare, education and social welfare programs

Sheppard-Towner Act
1921 provided federal matching funds to establish maternal and child divisions in state health departments

Social Security Act of 1935
designed to prevent reoccurring problems of the depression. Title VI provided funding for expanded opportunities for health protection and promotion through education and employment.

Visiting Nurse
Key to communicating prevention through home visits and well baby clinics

Willy Rathbone
founded district nursing association

American Association of Colleges of Nursing members are baccalaureate and higher degree nursing education programs. The association serves as the national voice for these programs. American Nurses Association a national association for registered nurses in the US. founded 1896 WE …

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American nurses association The national professional association of registered nurses in the united states, founded in 1896. American public health association A national organization founded in 1872 to facilitate interdisciplinary efforts and to promote the health of the public. WE …

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American Revolution Key health issues during the American Revolution, there were high rates of smallpox, yellow fever, cholera, typhoid, typhus, tuberculosis, malaria and infant mortality. Community and public health’s major goal was Improving sanitation among all areas in all communities. …

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