Chapter 16 General Pharmacology

Specific signs, symptoms, or circumstances under which
it is appropriate to administer a drug to a patient
Indications

Spray device with a mouthpiece that contains an
aerosol form of a medication that a patient can spray
directly into his airway
Inhaler

Semi-solid paste form of a drug
Gel

Medication given by mouth to treat a conscious patient
with an altered mental status and a history of diabetes
Oral glucose

Brand name of a medication
Trade name

Drug that helps to constrict the blood vessels and relax
airway passages; it may be used to counter a severe
allergic reaction.
Epinephrine

Solid form of a drug; compressed powder
Tablet

Powder, usually pre-mixecl with water, that will absorb some poisons and help prevent them from being absorbed by the body
Activated charcoal

This gas, in its pure form, is used as a drug to treat any patient whose medical or traumatic condition causes them to be hypoxic, or in clanger of becoming hypoxic.
Oxygen

Liquid form of a drug in which a powder is mixed with a slurry or water
Suspension

The study of drugs and their effects is called
A. anatomy.
B. physiology.
C. medicinology.
D. pharmacology.
D. pharmacology.

Medications that are routinely carried on the EMS unit are
A. activated charcoal, oral glucose, and oxygen.
B. oxygen and nitroglycerin.
C. epinephrine and prescribed inhalers.
D. All of the above.
A. activated charcoal, oral glucose, and oxygen.

Activated charcoal is an example of a
A. powder, usually pre-mixed with water.
B. prescribed inhaler.
C. liquid for injection.
D. fine powder for inhalation.
A. powder, usually pre-mixed with water.

Activated charcoal is given to a patient because it
A. displaces poisons by surface tension.
B. will bind some poisons to its surface.
C. prevents the patient from vomiting.
D. can be used in a patient without a gag reflex.
B. will bind some poisons to its surface.

Poorly managed diabetes can cause
A. hypoxia, or low oxygen.
B. altered mental status.
C. dilation of the coronary arteries.
D. absorption of poisons.
B. altered mental status.

Oral glucose is given between the patient’s cheek and gum because
A. this area contains blood vessels that allow easy absorption into the bloodstream.
B. it will not be aspirated if the patient suddenly becomes unconscious.
C. it will cause the patient to regurgitate the stomach’s contents.
D. it will assist in dilating the coronary vessels as much as possible.
A. this area contains blood vessels that allow easy absorption into the bloodstream.

Examples of medications that the patient may have in his possession that the EMT-B may assist the patient in taking under the appropriate circumstances are
A. activated charcoal, glucose injections, and anticonvulsants.
B. home oxygen, antihypertensives, and anti-inflammatories.
C. epinephrine auto-injector, a prescribed inhaler, nitroglycerin.
D. insulin, antihypertensives, and anticonvulsants.
C. epinephrine auto-injector, a prescribed inhaler, nitroglycerin.

Patients who have a medical history of asthma, emphysema, and chronic bronchitis may carry a(n) _______.
A. nitroglycerin
B. epinephrine auto-injector
C. bronchodilator.
D. bronchoconstrictor.
C. bronchodilator.

The drug nitroglycerin is used to
A. dilate the peripheral vessels.
B. constrict the peripheral vessels.
C. dilate the coronary vessels.
D. constrict the coronary vessels.
C. dilate the coronary vessels.

The government publication listing all drugs in the U.S. is called the
A. Physician’s Desk Reference.
B. Hazmat Guidebook.
C. U.S. Pharmacopoeia.
D. National Medicine Guidebook.
C. U.S. Pharmacopoeia.

The name that the manufacturer uses in marketing a drug is called the _______ name.
A. generic
B. trade
C. official
D. original
B. trade

A circumstance in which a drug should not be used because it may cause harm to the patient or offer no effect in improving the patient’s condition or illness is called a(n)
A. indication.
B. side effect.
C. adverse reaction.
D. contraindication.
D. contraindication.

An action of a drug that is other than the desired action is called a(n)
A. side effect.
B. overdose.
C. contraindication.
D. systemic effect.
A. side effect.

Prior to administering a medication to a patient, you must know all of the following except
A. the route of administration.
B. the proper dose to administer.
C. the actions the medication will take.
D. both the generic and chemical names.
D. both the generic and chemical names.

Drugs prescribed for pain relief are called
A. antiarrhythmics.
B. analgesics.
C. anticonvulsants.
D. antihypertensives.
B. analgesics.

Drugs prescribed to reduce high blood pressure are called
A. antiarrhythmics.
B. analgesics.
C. anticonvulsants.
D. antihypertensives.
D. antihypertensives.

Drugs prescribed for heart rhythm disorders are called
A. antidiabetics.
B. bronchodilators.
C. antiarrhythmics.
D. anticonvulsants.
C. antiarrhythmics.

Drugs prescribed to relax the smooth muscles of the bronchial tubes are called
A. bronchospasms.
B. bronchodilators.
C. anticonvulsants.
D. bronchoconstrictors.
B. bronchodilators.

Drugs prescribed for prevention and control of seizures are called
A. antidiabetics.
B. antihypertensives.
C. anticonvulsants.
D. antidepressants.
C. anticonvulsants.

Drugs prescribed to help regulate the emotional activity of the patient to minimize the peaks and valleys in their psychological and emotional state are called
A. antidepressants.
B. analgesics.
C. antiarrhythmics.
D. anticonvulsants.
A. antidepressants.

1) Oxygen 2) Oral Glucose 3) Activated Charcoal 4) Aspirin What are the 4 medications carried on the EMS Unit? chemical name describes the drug’s chemical structure WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU …

Why should EMTs study pharmacology? Answer As an EMT, you will be trusted to administer medications in emergency situations; many of these may be lifesaving, but there is potential to do harm. An EMT must know the manufacturer, sources, characteristics, …

(Type of drug:) Nitroglycerin (Type of drug:) Vasodilator. (Mechanism of Action:) Nitroglycerin (Mechanism of Action:) Dilates coronary arteries and veins, improves blood flow. Decreases oxygen demand of the heart. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY …

Absorption Process by which medications travel through body tissue Contradiction Situation in which a drug should not be given WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample Side Effect …

List the drugs in your scope of practice aspirin, oral glucose, oxygen, prescribed bronchodilator inhalers, nitroglycerin, and epinephrine auto-injectors. Route(s) of administration • Oral, or swallowed. This route is very safe and has few complications associated with administration. • Sublingual, …

A 31-year-old female is experiencing an acute asthma attack. She is conscious and alert, but in obvious respiratory distress. After assisting her with her prescribed MDI, you should: Select one: A. administer another treatment in 30 seconds if she is …

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