Chapter 16 AP PSYCH Review Questions

At one time, disordered people were simply warehoused in asylums. These have been replaced with psychiatric hospitals in which attempts were made to diagnose and cure those with psychological disorders. This best illustrates one of the beneficial consequences of:
the medical model

People around the world may experience the same genetically based disorder quite differently depending on their own personal expectations and the definitions of abnormality common to their unique culture. This best illustrates the need for:
a biopsychosocial approach

A current authoritative scheme for classifying psychological disorders is known as the
DSM-IV

Lenore is unexplainably and continually tense and is plagued by muscle tension, sleeplessness, and an inability to concentrate. Lenore most likely suffers from a(n)
generalized anxiety disorder

The avoidance of situations in which help may not be available when panic strikes is most characteristic of
agoraphobia

Years after he barely survived a terrorist attack that killed his wife and two children, Mr. Puskari suffers recurring flashbacks and frequent nightmares of the event that render him incapable of holding a steady job. Mr. Puskari is most clearly showing signs of:
post-traumatic stress disorder

Andrea experiences extreme anxiety when approaching any lake. Her therapist suggests that her fear results from a traumatic boat accident she experienced as a child. The therapist’s suggestion reflects a ________ perspective.
Learning

A sudden loss of memory is one of the symptoms of a(n):
dissociative disorder

Elaine feels that her life is empty, has lost all interest in her career and hobbies, and wonders if she would be better off dead. She is most likely suffering from:
a mood disorder

An overabundance of the neurotransmitter norepinephrine is most likely to be associated with:
a manic episode

Mr. James believes that people are constantly laughing at him and that FBI agents are trying to steal his life savings. Mr. James is most clearly suffering from:
delusions

Catatonia is characterized by:
periods of immobility or excessive, purposeless movement

Therapeutic drugs that block dopamine receptors are most likely to reduce:
hallucinations.

The relationship between the season of the year in which people are born and their subsequent risk of schizophrenia best highlights the role of ________ in this disorder
viral infections

Kyle is extremely manipulative and can look anyone in the eye and lie convincingly. His deceit often endangers the safety and well-being of those around him, but he is indifferent to any suffering they might experience as a result of his actions. His behavior best illustrates:
an antisocial personality disorder

Brian often interrupts his teacher while she is speaking and frequently forgets to complete his homework assignments. He also has difficulty taking turns in playground games with classmates. Brian most clearly exhibits symptoms of:
ADHD

An integrated understanding of psychological disorders in terms of stressful memories, evolutionary processes, and gender roles is most clearly provided by:
a biopsychosocial approach

After participants in one study were informed that a videotaped interviewee was a psychiatric patient, they characterized the person with phrases such as “a passive type” and “frightened of his own impulses.” This study best illustrated the:
biasing power of diagnostic labels

Symptoms that may be mispercived as
a heart attack are most characteristic of:
panic disorder

Although Mark realizes that his behavior is unreasonable, he is so alarmed by high bridges or expressway overpasses that he avoids them by taking an unnecessarily lengthy route to and from work each day. Mark appears to suffer from a(n):
phobia

Without success, Maxine spends hours each day trying to suppress intrusive thoughts that she might have forgotten to lock her house when she left for work. Her experience is most symptomatic of:
an obsessive-compulsive disorder

Mr. Hoffman has always been cautious with his money, but over the past two weeks he has developed grandiose plans to bet his entire life savings on a single horse race. With unrestrained exuberance he has also been giving everybody he sees unsolicited advice on how to make millions in the stock market. Mr. Hoffman’s behavior is most indicative of:
mania

The suggestion that dissociative identity disorders are created as defenses against the anxiety caused by one’s own unacceptable impulses best illustrates the:
psychoanalytic perspective

A dysthymic disorder is most likely to be characterized by:
a persistently sad mood and low energy level

The social-cognitive perspective has linked the experience of depression to:
learned helplessness

Amanda’s therapist suggests that her depression results from mistakenly blaming herself rather than a slumping economy for her recent job loss. Her therapist’s suggestion best illustrates a:
social-cognitive perspective

An effective way to break the vicious cycle of depression is to explain stressful events in terms that are
specific and temporary

Mrs. Higgins believes that aliens from another planet have removed her stomach and are watching her to see how long it takes her to grow another one. Mrs. Higgins is most likely suffering from:
schizophrenia

Michael complains that threatening voices are constantly telling him that he is so evil that he should drown himself. Michael is experiencing:
hallucinations

Which of the following best illustrates a negative symptom of schizophrenia?:
social withdrawal

A serious criticism of the ____ model is that the patient becomes a passive recipient of treatment. Medical A person who feels euphoric and hyperactive may be experiencing A manic episode WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY …

Mental disorder An illness that affects the mind and reduces a person’s ability to function, to adjust to change, or to get along with others. Anxiety Fear caused by a source you cannot identify or a source that doesn’t pose …

low norepinephrine levels and low serotonin levels. In terms of neurotransmitter levels, depression is associated with depression The number one reason people seek mental health services is WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU …

Psychiatrists and psychologists are most likely to consider socially unusual behavior as disordered if it is personally distressing Ongoing patterns of behavior that interfere with normal day to day life are best characterized as dysfunctioal WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM …

A current authoritative scheme for classifying psychological disorders is found in the: DSM-IV-TR _____ is characterized by a person having lingering memories, nightmares, and other symptoms for weeks after a severely threatening, uncontrollable event. PTSD WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM …

Psychological Disorder A syndrome marked by a clinically significant disturbance in an individual’s cognition, emotion regulation, and behavior Medical Model The concept that diseases, in this case psychological disorders, have physical causes that be diagnosed, treated, and in most cases, …

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