Chapter 15 Study Guide

Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President – He began New Deal programs to help the nation out of the Great Depression, and he was the nation’s leader during most of WWII. Had a very easy election because of resentment against Hoover. Former governor of New York with “can do” attitude. Mostly Democratic majority in the house and senate during his presidency. Paralyzed from the waist down from Polio in the 1920s

New Deal
New Deal
A series of reforms enacted by the Franklin Roosevelt administration between 1933 and 1942 with the goal of ending the Great Depression.

“Brain Trust”
Group of expert policy advisers who worked with FDR in the 1930s to end the great depression

Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
FDR’s Wife and New Deal supporter. Was a great supporter of civil rights and opposed the Jim Crow laws. She also worked for birth control and better conditions for working women

Emergency Banking Relief Act
1933 , gave the President power over the banking system and set up a system by which banks would be reorganized or reopened. Called for the inspection of banks to increase public trust

fireside chat
fireside chat
informal talks given by FDR over the radio; sat by White House fireplace; gained the confidence of the people

American Liberty League
American Liberty League
A conservative anti-New Deal organization; members included Alfred Smith, John W. Davis, and the Du Pont family. It criticized the “dictatorial” policies of Roosevelt and what it perceived to be his attacks on the free enterprise system.

Charles Coughlin
Charles Coughlin
A radio priest who was anti-Semetic and anti-New Deal. He catered away some support from FDR.

Huey Long
Huey Long
“Kingfish” Rep. senator of LA; pushed “Share Our Wealth” program and make “Every Man a King” at the expense of the wealthy; assassinated

Dr. Frances Townsend
Dr. Frances Townsend
New Deal critic; focused on the needs of older Americans; ideas for a pension plan for retirees contributed to formation of Social Security

Dorothea Lange
Dorothea Lange
American photographer who recorded the Great Depression by taking pictures of the unemployed and rural poor. “Migrant Mother” photo

Alfred Landon
governor from kansas who ran for president against Roosevelt in 1936 election; didn’t accept Social Security Act, lost

Social Security Act
Social Security Act
(FDR) 1935, guaranteed retirement payments for enrolled workers beginning at age 65; set up federal-state system of unemployment insurance and care for dependent mothers and children, the handicapped, and public health

Frances Perkins
Frances Perkins
U.S. Secretary of Labor from 1933 to 1945, and the first woman ever appointed to the cabinet.

Mary McLeod Bethune
Mary McLeod Bethune
A leader in the struggle for women’s and black equality. She founded a school for black students that eventually became Bethune-Cookman University. She also served as an advisor to President Franklin D. Roosevelt

Marian Anderson
Marian Anderson
A famous African American concert singer who had her first performance in 1935, dazzling the audience and launching herself into fame. The next year she performed at the White House by presidential invitation, and performed on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial when the Daughters of the American Revolution refused to let her rent Constitution Hall (Eleanor Roosevelt and several others resigned after this decision).

John Collier
John Collier
Commissioner of Indian Affairs

Indian Reorganization act of 1934
1934 – Restored tribal ownership of lands, recognized tribal constitutions and government, and provided loans for economic development.

New Deal Coalition
A coalition forged by the Democrats, who dominated American politics from the 1930s to the 1960s. Its basic elements were the urban working class, ethnic groups, Catholics and Jews, the poor, Southerners, African Americans, and intellectuals.

sit down strike
sit down strike
Work stoppage in which workers shut down all machines and refuse to leave a factory until their demands are met.

Gone With The Wind
Gone With The Wind
1939 – Starring Clark Gable and Vivien Leigh – films like this offered pure escape from the realities of the Depression.

Duck Soup
movie by the Marx brothers; captured life in Freedonia

Burns and Allen
Comedy duo George Burns and grace Allen, first radio then TV, from NY then LA

Hindenburg
Hindenburg
Air blimp that went down in New Jersey, worldwide radio broadcast

Orsen Wells
Pioneering entertainer, actor and director, who created “The War of the Worlds” radio broadcast in 1938

Woody Guthrie
Woody Guthrie
American songwriter and folksinger who flourished in the 1930s, writing numerous songs about social injustice and the hardships of the Great Depression years; two of his best-remembered songs are “This Land is Your Land” and “So Long, It’s Been Good to Know Yuh.”

Federal Writers Project
Federal government project to fund written work and support writers during the Great Depression. It was part of the Works Progress Administration, a New Deal program. It was one of a group of New Deal arts programs known collectively as Federal One.

Grapes of Wrath
Grapes of Wrath
John Steinbeck’s novel about a struggling farm family during the Great Depression. Gave a face to the violence and exploitation that migrant farm workers faced in America

“Let Us Now Praise Famous Men”
A book with text by American writer James Agee with photographs by American photographer Walker Evans. It was first published in 1941. It started as an assignment in 1936 to produce a magazine article on the conditions among white sharecropper families in the U.S. south. It was the time of U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt’s “New Deal” programs designed to help the poorest segments of society.

Great Depression the economic crisis and period of low business activity in the U.S. and other countries, roughly beginning with the stock-market crash in October, 1929, and continuing through most of the 1930s. Stock Market Crash Spark of the Great …

Black Tuesday October 29, 1929; Stock Market Crash “Okies” name given to migrants fleeing the Dust Bowl WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample Bonus Army group of …

In combating the depression, President Herbert Hoover favored all of the following EXCEPT federal relief programs for the unemployed “The New Deal brought sweeping changes in American politics and society.” Each of the following actions supports this statement EXCEPT increased …

Herbert Hoover President when the stock market crashed – Believed in little government interference – he was unpopular with the public and some blamed him for the Depression Franklin Roosevelt Became President in 1933 – Developed the New Deal – …

great drepression Worst __ in American history. It was spurred by the stock market crash of 1929 and lasted until WW II Herbert Hoover …, (1929-1933) The New York Stock Market Crashes October 29, 1929 “Black Tuesday”. The 20th Amendment …

The most striking characteristics of the stock market in 1929 was investors’ obsession with speculation By 1932, what percentage of American workers were unemployed? 25 WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY …

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