Chapter 14: Pharmacology Medication and Administration

1) Oxygen
2) Oral Glucose
3) Activated Charcoal
4) Aspirin
What are the 4 medications carried on the EMS Unit?

chemical name
describes the drug’s chemical structure

generic name
shorter form of the chemical name

trade name
assigned when the drug is released for commercial distribution

official name
given to drugs meeting the requirement of the U.S. Pharmacopoeia or National Formulary

Right patient
Right medication
Right route
Right dose
Right date (time)
What are the five rights?

drug
a chemical that is used to treat or prevent a disease or condition

pharmacology
study of drugs

Ingested poison
When is activated charcoal used?

324-325 mg
How much aspirin can be administered to a patient?

1) Inhaled bronchodilators
2) Nitroglycerin
3) Epinephrine
What are the 3 drugs EMTs can assist their patient with?

It is a vasoconstrictor
What does epinephrine do?

Sublingual
Oral
Inhalation
Intramuscular injection
What are the 4 routes of administering drugs?

3 tablets, one every five minutes.
How many tablets of nitroglycerin can a patient take? How often can they take it?

120 systolic
What must the blood pressure be greater than for a patient to take a nitroglycerin?

Specific signs, symptoms, or circumstances under which it is appropriate to administer a drug to a patient Indications Spray device with a mouthpiece that contains an aerosol form of a medication that a patient can spray directly into his airway …

(Type of drug:) Nitroglycerin (Type of drug:) Vasodilator. (Mechanism of Action:) Nitroglycerin (Mechanism of Action:) Dilates coronary arteries and veins, improves blood flow. Decreases oxygen demand of the heart. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY …

Epinephrine- brand name (3) Adrenalin, epinephrine, Epi-Pen Epinephrine- Class (2) Natural catecholamine, sympathomimetic WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample Epinephrine- MofA (5) 1. Direct acting B1, B2, …

What does ADEs stand for? adverse drug events What does BSA stand for? body surface area WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample What does CMS stand for? …

A 31-year-old female is experiencing an acute asthma attack. She is conscious and alert, but in obvious respiratory distress. After assisting her with her prescribed MDI, you should: Select one: A. administer another treatment in 30 seconds if she is …

Absorption Process by which medications travel through body tissue Contradiction Situation in which a drug should not be given WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample Side Effect …

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