chapter 14 Fullers highlights

Electrocardiography ECG
__ measures the electrical activity of the heart, which is projected into a waveform

Pulse oximeter
__ is a digital sensor that detects oxygen saturation in the hemoglobin by spectrometry

laryngospasm constitutes an emergency when an airway cannot be immediately established by __ ventilation

monitored anesthesia care MAC
Administering __ requires that the ACP administer sedative and anxiolytic (anti-anxiety) drugs as needed and manages any anesthetic or physiological emergencies

Local infiltration
__ anesthesia is the injection of anesthetic into superficial tissues to produce a small area of anesthesia

Spasm of the larynx usually is associated with airway secretions or stimulation of the laryngeal nerve during intubation or __

muscle relaxation
Adequate __ is necessary during general anesthesia to manipulate the body wall and other tissues within the operative site

Termination of anesthesia and the process of regaining consciousness are called __

regional block
A __ is a type of anesthesia in a specific area of the body by injection of anesthetic around a major nerve or group of nerves

__ anesthesia can be used in a small, superficial area of skin and subcutaneous tissue or in an entire region of the body, such as during spinal anesthesia

Minimal sedation
__ is a state in which the patient can respond to verbal commands

__ anesthesia is induced with the drug Ketamine, which blocks sensory neurotransmission and associative pathways

__ sedation is used for short diagnostic and minor surgical procedures that do not require deep anesthesia

When stable, the patient is transferred to a stretcher and transported to the __ recovery unit

__ is treated with mechanical ventilation or, in severe cases, administration of succinylcholine to paralyze the muscles

Preoperative __ is required to minimize aspiration (inhalation) of gastric contents during general anesthesia

In a state of well being, the body responds readily to __ to maintain life

anesthesia machine
The __ is a complex biotechnical device used in patient monitoring, respiratory function, and administration of inhalation anesthetics

anterograde amnesia
In anesthesia, __ is the patient’s inability to recall events that occur after the administration of specific drugs

Patients undergoing conscious sedation are monitored __ throughout the procedure

Emergency drugs for MH treatment include __ and agents to treat specific metabolic disorders

__ is a subspecialty of medicine

gas scavenging
The capture and safe removal of anesthetic gas that escapes from the anesthesia machine is accomplished with a __ system

The circulation of blood to specific tissue, organ, system, or the whole body is called __

Topical anesthesia is used on mucous __ and on superficial eye tissues during ophthalmic surgery

A __ nerve block provides anesthesia to a specific area of the body supplied by a major nerve or nerve plexus (group)

Intraoperative cell salvage
__ is the immediate harvesting of blood on the surgical field and reinfusion to the patient

__ is a state of balance in physiological functions

A pulse __ is a monitoring device that measures the patient’s hemoglobin oxygen saturation by means of spectrometry

Deep unconsciousness, such as that achieved during general anesthesia results in the absence of protective mechanisms such as swallowing, coughing, blinking, and __

Central nervous system depression refers to __ mental, sensory, and physical capacity

The __ assistant assists the anesthesia care provider in tasks that are delegated according to the AA’s practice skills and knowledge

Hospitals have individual __ protocols; however, specific details are always verified

Diagnostic testing to determine the patient’s __ level has been routine for many decades

Preoperative medications are documented in the patient’s medical and __ records

Any medication ordered but not yet given may be administered in the holding area as directed by the surgeon or __

Historically, __ drugs were given routinely, while the patient was awaiting surgery on the hospital ward

36 C to 37.5 C
Normal body temperature is __

Toxic reactions to local anesthetics arise most often during __ block and epidural anesthesia

A coma is a state of deep __ in which most brain activity ceases

Local anesthesia is the simplest type of Regional anesthesia. When this anesthetic is injected around the area where the procedure is to be performed the area becomes numb. The operation is then started and the patient will not feel the …

Moderate/conscious sedation What two words describe a decreased level of consciousness that does not put patients completely to sleep and that allows the patients to breathe on their own during a surgical procedure? Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist What do the …

What is anesthesia used for? to produce a controlled loss of sensation during a diagnostic or surgical procedure What are the three types of anesthesia? 1. General Anesthesia 2. Local Anesthesia 3. Regional Anesthesia WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY …

The nurse is providing preoperative teaching to the following patients. To which patient should the nurse plan to teach coughing and deep breathing exercises? 1. A 20-year-old man who is scheduled for a tonsillectomy 2. A 40-year-old woman who is …

I’m interested in English and math it helps me with my career in becoming an anesthesiologist. My career goals after high school are to get into a good college where I can be a successful student. After college I want …

Anesthesia affects the nerve cells or the neurons by changing the course of sodium molecules through its membranes. The mechanism is not really known because anesthetics are not known to attach to any receptor nor does it affect any transmission …

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