Chapter 14: Antineoplastic Agents Pharmacology

alopecia:
hair loss; a common adverse effect of many antineoplastic drugs, which are more effective against rapidly multiplying cells such as those of hair follicles

anaplasia:
loss of organization and structure; property of cancer cells

angiogenesis:
the generation of new blood vessels; cancer cells release an enzyme that will cause angiogenesis or the growth of new blood vessels to feed the cancer cells

antineoplastic agent:
drug used to combat cancer or the growth of neoplasms

autonomy:
loss of the normal controls and reactions that inhibit growth and spreading; property of cancer cells

bone marrow suppression:
inhibition of the blood-forming components of the bone marrow; a common adverse effect of many antineoplastic drugs, which are more effective against rapidly multiplying cells, such as those in bone marrow; also seen in anemia, thrombocytopenia, and leukopenia

carcinoma:
tumor that originates in epithelial cells

metastasis:
ability to enter the circulatory or lymphatic system and travel to other areas of the body that are conducive to growth and survival; property of cancer cells

neoplasm:
new or cancerous growth; occurs when abnormal cells have the opportunity to multiply and grow

sarcoma:
tumor that originates in the mesenchyme and is made up of embryonic connective tissue cells

alopecia hair loss; a common adverse effect of many antineoplastic drugs, which are more effective against rapidly multiplying cells such as those of hair follicles anaplasia loss of organization and structure; property of cancer cells WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM …

Palliative Relieving or soothing the symptoms of a disease or disorder without effecting a cure Cytotoxic Destroy cells directly WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample Antineoplastic Agent …

Antineoplastic refers to an agent that counteracts the development, growth or spread of malignant cells Chemotherapy combinations of drugs are used for palliative effects or complete remissions in early treatment of cancer WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON …

Atineoplastic Against new tissue formation Cytotoxic Destructive to cells WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write my sample Immunosuppressive Decrease the production of antibodies Palliative Alleviation of symptoms Proliferating Reproducing …

Cell cycle-nonspecific (CCNS) antineoplastic drugs 1. Alkylating drugs. 2. Cytotoxic antibiotics. Alkylating Drugs 1. Classic alkylators. (nitrogen mustards). 2. Nitrosoureas. 3. Miscellaneous alkylators. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON ANY TOPIC SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE Write …

Antibiotics Substances that are produced by microorganisms that destroy or suppress the growth or multiplication of bacteria Antibacterial Substances from any source that destory or suppress the growth or multiplication of bacteria WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON …

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