A) Emotions are voluntary reactions to emotion-arousing stimuli.
B) Because all emotions have the same physiological basis, emotions are primarily psychological events.
C) Emotional arousal is always accompanied by cognition.
D) Emotions prepare the body to fight or flee.
A) increase the growth of B and T lymphocytes.
B) facilitate the immune system response.
C) increase disease resistance.
D) suppress the immune system.
A) the sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions of the nervous system.
B) universal and culture-specific aspects.
C) physical arousal and a cognitive label.
D) verbal and nonverbal expression.
A) stress affects the growth of cancer cells by weakening the body’s natural resources.
B) cancer occurs slightly more often than usual among those widowed, divorced, or separated.
C) all of these statements are true.
D) patients’ attitudes can influence their rate of recovery.
B) time urgency.
C) high motivation.
B) physiological indices of arousal.
C) brain rhythms.
D) chemical changes in the body.
A) conscious experiences
B) expressive behaviors
C) physiological arousal
D) subjective well-being
B) parasympathetic nervous system.
A) adaptation level.
B) opponent processes.
C) behavioral contrast.
D) relative deprivation.
A) stage of resistance, alarm reaction, stage of exhaustion.
B) stage of exhaustion, stage of resistance, alarm reaction.
C) alarm reaction, stage of resistance, stage of exhaustion.
D) alarm reaction, stage of exhaustion, stage of resistance.
A) overestimate how much they can accomplish.
B) participate in regular aerobic exercise.
C) focus more attention on themselves.
D) do all of these things.
A) increased blood sugar.
B) all of these events.
C) a slowing of digestion.
D) increased rate of respiration.
A) the process by which we appraise and respond to threatening or challenging events.
B) physical, emotional, or mental exhaustion.
C) an attempt to reach some important goal.
D) the experience of realistic anxiety.
A) cognition, affect, and behavior.
B) physical gestures, facial expressions, and psychological drives.
C) expressive behaviors, physiological arousal, and conscious experience.
D) sympathetic arousal, parasympathetic inhibition, and cognitive labeling.
A) all of these things.
B) the prevention of illness.
C) the promotion of health.
D) the treatment of illness.
A) the adaptation-level phenomenon.
B) the James-Lange theory.
C) the two-factor theory.
D) relative deprivation.
A) an emotion-arousing stimulus simultaneously triggers both physiological arousal and the subjective experience of emotion.
B) the expression of emotion reduces our level of physiological arousal.
C) to experience emotion is to be aware of our physiological responses to an emotion-arousing event.
D) to experience emotion we must be physically aroused and able to cognitively label the emotion.