Chapter 11 test

57. Which abbreviation does NOT stand for a pituitary hormone?
a. MSH
b. T3
c. ACTH
d. FSH
b. T3

58. Which of the following abbreviations does NOT stand for a hormone
a. K+
b. TSH
C. ACTH
d. PTH
a. K+

56. Which of the following abbreviations stands for a diagnostic lab test
a. TSH
b. PTH
c. RIA
d. FSH
c. RIA

53. medication used to control diabetes insipidus
vasopressin

54. medication has strong anti-inflammatory properties
corticosteroids

55. abbreviation stands for a pathological condition
a. ACTH
b. ADH
c. GH
d. DI
d. DI

51. diagnostic procedure uses radioactive iodine as part of the test
thyroid scan

52. Which treatment procedure is NOT a surgical procedure
a. lobectomy
b. laparoscopic adrenalectomy
c. parathyroidectomy
d. chemical thyroidectomy
d. chemical thyroidectomy

49. diagnostic procedure uses ultrasound
thyroid echography

50. which diagnostic procedure is NOT a test of thyroid function
a. thyroid function test
b. protein-bound iodine test
c. total calcium
d. thyroid scan
c. total calcium

47. condition results from hyposecretion of the thyroid gland in an adult
myxedema

48. condition is a benign tumor of the adrenal medulla that secretes epinephrine
pheochromocytoma

46. enlargement of the thyroid gland
goiter

44. which of the following glands is NOT regulated by an anterior pituitary hormone
a. adrenal cortex
b. thyroid
c. pineal
d. gonads
c. pineal

45. Graves’ disease is caused by
hypersecretion of the thyroid

43. condition develops from an overproduction of growth hormone in a child
gigantism

41. condition characterized by arrested physical and mental development
cretinism

42. diabetes insipidus is caused by
insufficient antiduretic hormone

38. gynecomastia may be a symptom of
adrenal feminization

39. which of the following regarding insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus is NOT true
a. it generally develops early in life
b. it is called Type 2 diabetes mellitus
c. the pancreas does not produce insulin
d. the patient mus take insulin injections
b. it is called Type 2 diabetes mellitus

40. the nerve irritability and muscle cramps that develop as a result of hypoparathyroidism is called
tetany

36. term refers to the condition in which the body tissues contain excessive amounts of fluid
edema

37. term refers to bulging eyeballs
exophthalmos

33. the thyroid gland uses which element to make its hormones
iodine

34. thyroxine and triiodothyronine work to:
regulate the body’s metabolic rate

35. Calcitonin works to:
regulate calcium levels in the body

31. which of the following statement regarding the thymus gland or its hormones is NOT true
a. the thymus secretes thymosin
b. thymosin is important for proper development of the immune system
c. at puberty the thymus gland begins to shrink
d. the thymus gland is located in the mediasinum just below the heart
d. the thymus gland is located in the mediasinum just below the heart

32. which of the following hormones is NOT secreted by the thyroid gland
a. triiodothyronine
b. thyroid-stimulating hormone
c. thyroxine
d. calcitonin
b. thyroid-stimulating hormone

28. which hormone is responsible for stimulating the cells of the body to rapidly divide
growth hormone

29. which hormone promotes the kidneys to reabsorb water
antiduretic hormone

30. which statement regarding testes or its hormone is NOT true
a. testes are the male gamete
b. testes are responsible for sperm production
c. testes secrete testosterone
d. testosterone produces the male secondary sexual sexual characteristics
a. testes are the male gamete

26. which hormone is a gonadotropin
follicle-stimulating hormone

27. which hormone is responsible for the development of ova and sperm
follicle-stimulating hormone

23. which hormones are secreted by the posterior pituitary
both oxytocin and antiduretic hormone

24. which pair is mismatched
a. follicle-stimulating hormone-targets gonads
b. prolactin-targets breasts
c. thyroid-stimulating hormone-targets thyroid
d. adrenocorticotropin hormone-targets adrenal medulla
d. adrenocorticotropin hormone-targets adrenal medulla

25. which anterior pituitary hormone is also called somatotropin
growth hormone

21. which statement regarding the pancreas is NOT true
a. the pancreas is both an endocrine and exocrine gland
b. the islets of Langerhans are the exocrine portion of the pancreas
c. the pancreas releases digestive enzymes into the duodenum
d. the pancreas secretes insulin and glucagon
b. the islets of Langerhans are the exocrine portion of the pancreas

22. which of the following hormones is NOT secreted by the anterior pituitary
a. growth hormone
b. oxytocin
c. thyroid-stimulating hormone
d. prolactin
b. oxytocin

18. which endocrine glands is the female gonad
a. ovaries
b. pancreas
c. thymus
d. testes
a. ovaries

19. which hormones is secreted by ovaries
estrogen and progesterone

20. which gland is both an endocrine and exocrine gland
pancreas

16. which of the following is NOT one of the families of hormones secreted by the adrenal cortex
a. mineralocorticoids
b. epineephrines
c. glucocorticoids
d. steroid sex hormones
b. epinephrines

17. which hormone is critical in emergency situations
epinephrine

13. which statement regarding the glands is NOT true
a. exocrine glands release their secretions into a duct to the outside of the body.
b. endocrine glands release hormones directly into the bloodstream
c. sweat glands are an example of exocrine glands
d. exocrine glands are also referred to as ductless glands
d. exocrine glands are also referred to as ductless glands

14. which of the following is NOT an endocrine gland
a. lymph gland
b. pituitary gland
c. thyroid gland
d. pineal gland
a. lymph gland

15. the adrenal gland is divided into
medulla and cortex

11. term meaning insufficient sugar in the blood
hypoglycemia

12. which of the following statments regarding the endocrine glands is NOT true
a. the endocrine system is instrumental in maintaining homestasis
b. the endocrine system is a collections of glands
c. endocrine glands secrete hormones into ducts
d. hormones are chemicals that act on their target organs
c. endocrine glands secrete hormones into ducts

6. True/False, the thyroid hormones adjust the body’s metabolic rate
True

7. True/False, Hirsutism is a term for the condition of having insufficient hair
False

8. True/False, excessive hormone production is called hypersecretion
True

9. True/False, a syndrome is a group of symptoms and signs that present a clinical picture of a disease
True

10. term meaning excessive potassium in the blood
hyperkalemia

2. True/False, the pancreas is a unique organ because it is both an exocrine and endocrine gland
True

3. True/False, insulin raises the blood sugar and glucagon lowers the blood sugar
False

4. True/False, the pituitary gland is sometimes referred to as the master gland
True

5. True/False, follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone are called the gonadotropins
True

1. True/False, the endocrine system glands are instrumental in maintaining homestasis
true

91. What does abbreviation FBS stand for (know spelling)
fasting blood sugar

92. What medical term means hormone secreted by the pancreas that regulates the level of sugar in the blood stream (know spelling)
insulin

93. What does abbreviation GTT stand for (know spelling)
glucose tolerance test

87. What medical term means excess sugar in the urine (know spelling)
Glycosuria

88. What does abbreviation IDDM stand for (know spelling)
insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus

89. What medical term means condition of having excessive urine production (know spelling)
polyuria

90. What medical term means condition of having excessive amount of thirst (know spelling)
polydipsia

86. What medical term means acidosis due to excess of ketone bodies (wast products) (know spelling)
ketoacidosis

87. What medical term means excess sugar in urine (know spelling)
glycosuria

85. What medical term means excessive amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood (know spelling)
hyperglycemia

82. What medical term means abnormal condition of thyroid poisoning (know spelling)
thyrotoxicosis

83. What medical term means retina disease (know spelling)
retinopathy

84. What medical term means adrenal gland disease (know spelling)
adrenopathy

81. What medical term means enlarged extremities (know spelling)
acromegaly

77. What medical term means state of insufficient pituitary (hormones) is (know spelling)
hypopituitarism

78. What medical term means surgical removal of the thymus (know spelling)
thymectomy

79. What medical term means enlarged thyroid (know spelling)
thyromegaly

80. What medical term means surgical removal of the thyroid (know spelling)
thyroidectomy

76. What medical term means state of excessive parathyroid (hormone) is (know spelling)
hyperparathyroidism

72. the suffix that means thirst (know spelling)
dipsia

73. the suffix that means stimulate (know spelling)
tropin

74. What medical term means state of excessive thyroid (hormones) is (know spelling)
hyperthyroidism

75. What medical term means study of the endocrine system (know spelling)
endocrinology

71. the combining form that means poison is (know spelling)
toxic/o

67. the combining form that means eye (know spelling)
Ophthalm/o

68. the combining form that means pineal gland (know spelling)
pineal/o

69. the combining form that means thymus gland (know spelling)
thym/o

70. the combining form that means thyroid gland (know spelling)
thyroid/o

66. the combining form that means sodium (know spelling)
natr/o

62. the combining form that means calcium (know spelling)
calc/o

63. the combining form that means secrete (know spelling)
crin/o

64. the combining form that means sex glands (know spelling)
gonad/o

65. the combining form that means sameness (know spelling)
home/o

61. the combining form that means male (know spelling)
andr/o

60. the combining form that means adrenal glands (know spelling)
adren/o

59a. category for diabetic
pathology

59b. category for two-hour postprandial glucose blood test
diagnostic

59c. category for oral hypoglycemic agent
therapeutic

59d. category for adrenomegaly
pathology

59e. category for testicular
anatomy

59f. category for pinealectomy
surgery

59g. category for panhypopituitarism
patholgy

59h. category for glucometer
diagnostic

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